George Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax

George Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax (also spelt George Montague) PC KB (c.1684  9 May 1739, of Horton, Northamptonshire, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1705 to 1715 when he became a peer.

The Rt Honourable

The Earl of Halifax

1st Earl of Halifax
In office
1715–1739
Preceded byre-creation
Auditor of the Exchequer
In office
1714–1739
MonarchGeorge II
Personal details
Born
George Montagu

1684
Died1739
Noteuncle also held Barony of Halifax which he inherited by special remainder, had been made first earl of the first creation in 1714.

Family

George Montagu was the son of Edward Montagu of Horton and his wife Elizabeth Pelham daughter of Sir John Pelham, 3rd Baronet. He succeeded his father in 1690, and received the post then of Warden and chief forester of Salcey forest, Northamptonshire, which he held for the rest of his life. He was educated at Eton College in 1698. From 1701 to 1704, he travelled abroad through Italy, Austria, Holland, Budapest, Belgrade and Constantinople.[1] He was a paternal great-grandson of Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester.

George Montagu married twice:

Career

Montagu was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Northampton with the support of Christopher Montagu at the 1705 English general election. He was returned again at the 1708 British general election, the 1710 British general election and at the 1713 British general election. In 1714 he was appointed appointments Auditor of the Exchequer, which he held for the rest of his life. He was made a Privy Councillor on 27 November 1717, Lord Justice in 1720 and Keeper/Ranger of Bushy Park. He was appointed a Knight, Order of the Bath (K.B.) in 1725.[1]

Seats and abodes

Extract from Gentleman's Magazine: Map of London & Environs, 1764 noting his son's ownership of various lodges in and adjoining Bushy Park, Hampton and Teddington, Middlesex

His family's seat was Horton House, Horton, Northamptonshire which was demolished in 1936.

As Ranger of Bushy Park, Halifax had built (1714–1715) and sometimes inhabited 'Upper Lodge' or 'New Lodge', today a function building of the National Physical Laboratory, on the north-west side of the park in its Teddington part. This was in the first two years of the reign of George II just as he acceded to his titles. The property passed to his son, followed by Lord North, his eldest daughter's son.[2]

Earl of Halifax

George's uncle, Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, a childless widower, ensured his titles would pass to George (being the eldest son of his eldest brother), and gave him most of his estate. George succeeded his uncle as second Baron Halifax under its special remainder.

A few weeks after succeeding, Gerge was created Earl of Halifax and Viscount Sunbury, reviving the other titles which had been created the previous year for his uncle. Two years later he was sworn of Privy Council.

George Montagu died in 1739 and was succeeded in the titles by his son George.

Styles of address

  • 1684–1705: Mr George Montagu
  • 1705–1715: Mr George Montagu MP
  • 1715: The Right Honourable The Lord Halifax (for a few weeks)
  • 1715–1717: The Right Honourable The Earl of Halifax (a rapid re-creation)
  • 1717–1739: The Right Honourable The Earl of Halifax PC

Notes and references

References
  1. "MONTAGU, George (c.1684-1739), of Horton, Northants". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  2. 'Hampton Court Palace, parks', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 2 (London, 1911), pp. 386-388. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/middx/vol2/pp386-388 accessed 1 October 2017.
Notes
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Matthew Dudley
Francis Arundell
Member of Parliament for Northampton
1705–1707
With: Francis Arundell
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Northampton
1707–1715
With: Francis Arundell 1707–10
William Wykes 1710–15
Succeeded by
William Wykes
William Wilmer
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Halifax
Auditor of the Exchequer
1714–1739
Succeeded by
The Lord Walpole
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl of Halifax
1715–1739
Succeeded by
George Montagu
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Montagu
Baron Halifax
1715–1739
Succeeded by
George Montagu
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