George Beckwith (British Army officer)

General Sir George Beckwith KB (1753 – 20 March 1823) was a British Army officer.

Sir George Beckwith
Sir George Beckwith
Born1753
Died20 March 1823 (aged 6970)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
RankGeneral
Commands heldIreland
Battles/wars
AwardsKnight of the Order of the Bath

Military career

Beckwith was commissioned into the 37th Regiment of Foot in 1771. He distinguished himself as a regimental officer in the American Revolutionary War, where he was assistant to Major Oliver Delancey responsible for British Intelligence. In July 1782 he replaced Delancey and after the war he worked for Sir Guy Carleton in Canada. His efforts were aimed at stirring up trouble in Vermont, Florida, Kentucky and Tennessee. At the time Britain thought the weak American government might ask for British help.[1]

He was then appointed Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Bermuda in 1797, when a Colonel. His baggage and furniture left England on the 23rd of September, 1797, aboard the Caledonia, travelling in a convoy bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia, but was lost when the Caledonia was captured by the French. Beckwith was to follow aboard a Royal Naval frigate and so escaped the fate of his baggage. He arrived in Bermuda in February, 1798. Beckwith was later appointed Governor of Saint Vincent in 1806 and Governor of Barbados in 1810.[2]

He was made a K.B. for his Capture of Martinique in 1809 and also led a successful expedition against Guadeloupe, the last French possession in the area, in 1810. He attained the full rank of General in 1814. Sir George Beckwith was Commander-in-Chief, Ireland from 1816 to 1820. He died in London on 20 March 1823.[2]

Family

His father was Major General John Beckwith, who commanded the 20th Regiment of Foot. His brothers were Captain John Beckwith, Thomas Sydney Beckwith and Brigadier General Ferdinand Beckwith. He was also the uncle of Major-General John Charles Beckwith.

References

  1. Spain 2004.
  2. Bolton 1885, p. 88-89.
Bibliography
  • Bolton, Augustus Samuel (1885). "Beckwith, George" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  • Spain, Jonathan (2004). "Beckwith, Sir George (1752/3–1823)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1911.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Government offices
Preceded by
Henry Tucker
Governor of Bermuda
1798–1803
Succeeded by
Henry Tucker
Preceded by
Henry William Bentinck
Governor of Saint Vincent
1806–1808
Succeeded by
Charles Brisbane
Preceded by
John Spooner acting
Governor of Barbados
1810–1815
Succeeded by
James Leith
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Brent Spencer
Colonel of the 2nd West India Regiment
1809–1818
Succeeded by
Henry Torrens
Preceded by
Sir George Hewett
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1816–1820
Succeeded by
Sir David Baird
Preceded by
The Earl of Lindsey
Colonel of the 89th Regiment of Foot
1818–1823
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Henry MacFarlane
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