George Baker (Canadian politician)

George S. Baker, PC (born September 4, 1942) is a Canadian politician and former member of the Senate of Canada.

George S. Baker

Senator from Newfoundland and Labrador
In office
March 26, 2002  September 4, 2017
Nominated byJean Chrétien
Appointed byAdrienne Clarkson
Preceded byRaymond Squires
Member of Parliament for Gander—Grand Falls
In office
Succeeded byRex Barnes
Minister of Veterans Affairs
In office
Preceded byFred Mifflin
Succeeded byRon Duhamel
Member of Parliament for Gander—Twillingate
In office
Preceded byJohn Lundrigan
Succeeded byFirst Member
Personal details
Born (1942-09-04) September 4, 1942
Political partyLiberal (until 2014)
Independent Liberal
ChildrenAnnelle Baker, Averill Baker, Eli Baker, Joscelyn Baker, and granddaughter Annelle.
OccupationCanadian Senator

Baker was first elected to the House of Commons in the 1974 election as the Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Gander—Twillingate, in Newfoundland and Labrador. He was re-elected in every subsequent election (representing Gander—Grand Falls after 1988) until his appointment to the Senate by Governor General Adrienne Clarkson, on the recommendation of Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, in 2002.

Although a popular and articulate MP, he was hurt by the tradition of appointing no more than one Canadian Cabinet minister from Newfoundland at a time, and by his reputation as a maverick who said what he thought rather than what the party leadership would like him to say. Fred Mifflin's and Brian Tobin's appointments to cabinet following the 1993 election meant Baker had to remain on the backbench. Tobin's resignation from the cabinet to become Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador opened the way for Baker to be appointed as Minister of Veterans Affairs. But when Prime Minister Chrétien lured Tobin back to Ottawa for the 2000 election, Baker was removed from Cabinet. He was appointed to the Senate in 2002.

On January 29, 2014, Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau announced all Liberal Senators, including Baker, were removed from the Liberal caucus, and would continue sitting as Independents.[1] According to Senate Opposition leader James Cowan, the Senators refer to themselves as the Senate Liberal Caucus even though they are no longer members of the parliamentary Liberal caucus.[2]

Baker retired from the Senate upon reaching the mandatory retirement age of 75 on September 4, 2017.[3]

Bloc Newfoundland controversy

In March 2009, as a Liberal Senator for Newfoundland and Labrador, he was the first among Newfoundland's federal parliamentarians to overtly call for the foundation of a new sovereigntist party, based on the Bloc Québécois, largely in response to the $1.7 billion cuts in equalization payments that represented no less than 20% of the province's budget, due to a change of how natural resources are factored in the calculation of equalization transfers.

This prompted a rebuke from the Prime Minister's office and political commentators in Toronto and Ottawa. Some Conservative MPs demanded that Michael Ignatieff kick him out of the Liberal caucus, that he refused to do. However, this action caused little outcry in his home province.


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.