Geography of New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is Australia's most populous state, located in the east coast of the continent. It is in the southern hemisphere between latitudes 28 and 38 degrees south of the equator and longitudes 143 and 154 degrees east of the Universal Prime Meridian (formerly known as the Greenwich meridian). The state is in the warm temperate climatic zone.

Geography of New South Wales
Coordinates32°S 147°E
AreaRanked 3rd among states and territories
  Total809,444 km2 (312,528 sq mi)
Coastline2,137 km (1,328 mi)
BordersLand borders: Queensland, South Australia, Victoria
Highest pointMount Kosciuszko
2,228 metres (7,310 ft)
Longest riverMurray River
1,721 kilometres (1,069 mi)
Largest lakeLake Eucumbene
4,798 square kilometres (1,853 sq mi)


The area of New South Wales is 809,444 km2 (312,528 sq mi).[1] The coastline is 2,137 km (1,328 mi) in length.[2]

Cape Byron, in the north-east of the state, is Australia's most easterly mainland point.

The state is bordered on the north by Queensland, on the west by South Australia, and on the south by Victoria. Its coast faces the Tasman Sea. New South Wales contains two Federal enclaves: the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), and the Jervis Bay Territory.

New South Wales can be divided physically into four sections:

The steep escarpment of the Blue Mountains to the west of Sydney prevented European exploration beyond the coastal strip for several years until explorer Gregory Blaxland found a way through in 1813, 25 years after the first settlement in Sydney.

Cities and towns

Its four main cities from north to south are Newcastle, Gosford, Sydney, and Wollongong which all lie along the coast. Other cities and towns include Albury, Broken Hill, Dubbo, Tamworth, Armidale, Lismore, Nowra, Griffith, Leeton, Wagga Wagga, Goulburn, Port Macquarie and Coffs Harbour.

See also


  1. "Area of Australia, States, and Territories". Geoscience Australia. 2005-08-31. Archived from the original on 2010-07-02. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
  2. "Coastline Lengths". Geoscience Australia. 2003-08-07. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
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