Geographic data and information

Geographic data and information are defined in the ISO/TC 211 series of standards as data and information having an implicit or explicit association with a location relative to Earth.[1][2]

It is also called geospatial data and information, georeferenced data and information, as well as geodata and geoinformation.

Approximately 90% of government sourced data has a location component.[3] Location information (known by the many names mentioned here) is stored in a geographic information system (GIS).

There are also many different types of geodata, including vector files, raster files, geographic databases, web files, and multi-temporal data.[4]

See also

References

Further reading

  • Roger A. Longhorn and Michael Blakemore (2007), Geographic Information: Value, Pricing, Production, and Consumption, CRC Press.
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