General officer commanding

The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other nations, such as Ireland) to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.[1]

Thus, a General might be the GOC British II Corps (a Three star appointment) or GOC British 7th Armoured Division (a Two star appointment).


A General Officer heading a particularly large or important command, such as Middle East Command or the Allied Armies in Italy, may be called a General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C). GOC-in-Cs are usually one rank higher than a GOC with GOCs of Corps - level formations reporting into them.

Usage in the Indian Army

The Army Commanders who head the Training & Operational Commands of the Indian Army hold the title of GOC-in-C.[2] There are seven appointments currently:

Equivalent Term in other services

The equivalent term for Naval Officers is Flag Officer Commanding (FOC) and that for Air Force Officers is Air Officer Commanding (AOC). In the case of Flag and Air Officers heading a large or important command, the term is Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief (FOC-in-C) and Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief (AOC-in-C).

In the United States Armed Forces, the equivalent is Commanding General (CG).


  1. Bowyer, Richard (1999). Dictionary of Military Terms. Taylor & Francis. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-57958-156-5.
  2. "The Official Home Page of the Indian Army".
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