Jerome Silberman (June 11, 1933 – August 29, 2016), known professionally as Gene Wilder, was an American actor, screenwriter, director, producer, singer-songwriter and author.
Wilder in 1970
June 11, 1933
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Died||August 29, 2016 83) (aged|
Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Iowa (B.A., 1955)|
Bristol Old Vic Theatre School
|Occupation||Actor, screenwriter, director, producer, singer-songwriter, author|
|Relatives||Jordan Walker-Pearlman (nephew)|
|Years of service||1956–1958|
Wilder began his career on stage, and made his screen debut in an episode of the TV series The Play of the Week in 1961. Although his first film role was portraying a hostage in the 1967 motion picture Bonnie and Clyde, Wilder's first major role was as Leopold Bloom in the 1967 film The Producers for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. This was the first in a series of collaborations with writer/director Mel Brooks, including 1974's Blazing Saddles and Young Frankenstein, which Wilder co-wrote, garnering the pair an Academy Award nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay. Wilder is known for his portrayal of Willy Wonka in Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (1971) and for his four films with Richard Pryor: Silver Streak (1976), Stir Crazy (1980), See No Evil, Hear No Evil (1989), and Another You (1991). Wilder directed and wrote several of his own films, including The Woman in Red (1984).
With his third wife, Gilda Radner, he starred in three films, the last two of which he also directed. Her 1989 death from ovarian cancer led to his active involvement in promoting cancer awareness and treatment, helping found the Gilda Radner Ovarian Cancer Detection Center in Los Angeles and co-founding Gilda's Club.
After his last acting performance in 2003 – a guest role on Will & Grace for which he received an Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor – Wilder turned his attention to writing. He produced a memoir in 2005, Kiss Me Like a Stranger: My Search for Love and Art; a collection of stories, What Is This Thing Called Love? (2010); and the novels My French Whore (2007), The Woman Who Wouldn't (2008) and Something to Remember You By (2013).
Early life and education
Wilder was born Jerome Silberman on June 11, 1933, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the son of Jeanne (Baer) and William J. Silberman, a manufacturer and salesman of novelty items. His father was a Russian Jewish immigrant, as were his maternal grandparents. Wilder first became interested in acting at age 8, when his mother was diagnosed with rheumatic fever and the doctor told him to "try and make her laugh."
At the age of 11, he saw his sister, who was studying acting, performing onstage, and he was enthralled by the experience. He asked her teacher if he could become his student, and the teacher said that if he were still interested at age 13, he would take Wilder on as a student. The day after Wilder turned 13, he called the teacher, who accepted him; Wilder studied with him for two years.
When Jeanne Silberman felt that her son's potential was not being fully realized in Wisconsin, she sent him to Black-Foxe, a military institute in Hollywood, where he was bullied and sexually assaulted, primarily because he was the only Jewish boy in the school, according to his own account. After an unsuccessful short stay at Black-Foxe, Wilder returned home and became increasingly involved with the local theatre community. He performed for the first time in front of a paying audience at age 15, as Balthasar (Romeo's servant) in a production of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. Gene Wilder graduated from Washington High School in Milwaukee in 1951.
Wilder was raised Jewish, but he held only the Golden Rule as his philosophy. In a book published in 2005, he stated, "I have no other religion. I feel very Jewish and I feel very grateful to be Jewish. But I don't believe in God or anything to do with the Jewish religion".
Old Vic, Army, and HB Studio
Following his 1955 graduation from Iowa, he was accepted at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School in Bristol, England. After six months of studying fencing, Wilder became the first freshman to win the All-School Fencing Championship. Desiring to study Stanislavski's system, he returned to the U.S., living with his sister and her family in Queens. Wilder enrolled at the HB Studio.
Wilder was drafted into the Army on September 10, 1956. At the end of recruit training, he was assigned to the medical corps and sent to Fort Sam Houston for training. He was then given the opportunity to choose any post that was open, and wanting to stay near New York City to attend acting classes at the HB Studio, he chose to serve as paramedic in the Department of Psychiatry and Neurology at Valley Forge Army Hospital, in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania. In November 1957, his mother died from ovarian cancer. He was discharged from the army a year later and returned to New York. A scholarship to the HB Studio allowed him to become a full-time student. At first living on unemployment insurance and some savings, he later supported himself with odd jobs such as a limousine driver and fencing instructor.
After three years of study with Berghof and Uta Hagen at the HB Studio, Charles Grodin told Wilder about Lee Strasberg's method acting. Grodin persuaded him to leave the studio and begin studying with Strasberg in his private class. Several months later, Wilder was accepted into the Actors Studio. Feeling that "Jerry Silberman in Macbeth" did not have the right ring to it, he adopted a stage name. He chose "Wilder" because it reminded him of Our Town author Thornton Wilder, while "Gene" came from the character Eugene Gant in Thomas Wolfe's first novel, Look Homeward, Angel. He also liked "Gene" because as a boy, he was impressed by a distant relative, a World War II bomber navigator who was "handsome and looked great in his leather flight jacket." He later said that he could not see Gene Wilder playing Macbeth, either.
After joining the Actors Studio, he slowly began to be noticed in the off-Broadway scene, thanks to performances in Sir Arnold Wesker's Roots and in Graham Greene's The Complaisant Lover, for which Wilder received the Clarence Derwent Award for "Best Performance by an Actor in a Nonfeatured Role." One of Wilder's early stage credits was playing the socially awkward mental patient Billy Bibbit in the original 1963–64 Broadway adaptation of Ken Kesey's novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest opposite star Kirk Douglas.
In 1963, Wilder was cast in a leading role in Mother Courage and Her Children, a production starring Anne Bancroft, who introduced Wilder to her boyfriend (and later husband) Mel Brooks. A few months later, Brooks mentioned that he was working on a screenplay called Springtime for Hitler, for which he thought Wilder would be perfect in the role of Leo Bloom. Brooks elicited a promise from Wilder that he would check with him before making any long-term commitments. Months went by, and Wilder toured the country with different theatre productions, participated in a televised CBS presentation of Death of a Salesman, and was cast for his first role in a film—a minor role in Arthur Penn's 1967 Bonnie and Clyde. After three years of not hearing from Brooks, Wilder was called for a reading with Zero Mostel, who was to be the star of Springtime for Hitler and had approval of his co-star. Mostel approved, and Wilder was cast for his first leading role in a feature film, 1967's The Producers.
The Producers eventually became a cult comedy classic, with Mel Brooks winning an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay and Wilder being nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Nevertheless, Brooks' first directorial effort did not do well at the box office and was not well received by all critics; New York Times critic Renata Adler reviewed the film and described it as "black college humor".
In 1969, Wilder relocated to Paris, accepting a leading role in Bud Yorkin's Start the Revolution Without Me, a comedy that took place during the French Revolution. After shooting ended, Wilder returned to New York, where he read the script for Quackser Fortune Has a Cousin in the Bronx and immediately called Sidney Glazier, who produced The Producers. Both men began searching for the perfect director for the film. Jean Renoir was the first candidate, but he would not be able to do the film for at least a year, so British-Indian director Waris Hussein was hired. With Margot Kidder co-starring with Wilder, it was filmed on location in Dublin, and at the nearby Ardmore Studios, in August and September 1969.
In 1971, Wilder auditioned to play Willy Wonka in Mel Stuart's film adaptation of Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. After reciting some lines, director Mel Stuart immediately offered him the role. Before Wilder was officially cast for the role, Fred Astaire, Joel Grey, Ron Moody and Jon Pertwee were all considered. Spike Milligan was Roald Dahl's original choice to play Willy Wonka. Peter Sellers even begged Dahl for the role.
The film was not a big success on its opening weekend, although it received positive reviews from critics such as Roger Ebert, who compared it to The Wizard of Oz. The film currently holds an 89% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes with the critical consensus stating "Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory is strange yet comforting, full of narrative detours that don't always work but express the film's uniqueness".
The three films Wilder appeared in following The Producers were box office failures: Start the Revolution and Quackser seemed to audiences poor copies of Mel Brooks films, while Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory was not a commercial success, although it later gained a cult following and an Oscar nomination for Best Score, as well as a Golden Globe award nomination for Wilder.
When Woody Allen offered him a role in one segment of Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex* (*But Were Afraid to Ask), Wilder accepted, hoping this would be the hit to put an end to his series of flops. Everything ... was a hit, grossing over $18 million in the United States alone against a $2-million budget.
After Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex* (*But Were Afraid to Ask), Wilder began working on a script he called Young Frankenstein. After he wrote a two-page scenario, he called Mel Brooks, who told him that it seemed like a "cute" idea, but showed little interest. A few months later, Wilder received a call from his agent, Mike Medavoy, who asked if he had anything where he could include Peter Boyle and Marty Feldman, his two new clients. Having just seen Feldman on television, Wilder was inspired to write a scene that takes place at Transylvania Station, where Igor and Frederick meet for the first time. The scene was later included in the film almost verbatim. Medavoy liked the idea and called Brooks, asking him to direct. Brooks was not convinced, but having spent four years working on two box-office failures, he decided to accept. While working on the Young Frankenstein script, Wilder was offered the part of the Fox in the musical film adaptation of Saint Exupéry's classic book, The Little Prince. When filming was about to begin in London, Wilder received an urgent call from Brooks, who was filming Blazing Saddles, offering Wilder the role of the "Waco Kid" after Dan Dailey dropped out at the last minute, while Gig Young became too ill to continue. Wilder shot his scenes for Blazing Saddles and immediately afterwards filmed The Little Prince.
After Young Frankenstein was written, the rights were to be sold to Columbia Pictures, but after having trouble agreeing on the budget, Wilder, Brooks, and producer Michael Gruskoff went with 20th Century Fox, where both Brooks and Wilder had to sign five-year contracts. Young Frankenstein was a commercial success, with Wilder and Brooks receiving Best Adapted Screenplay nominations at the 1975 Oscars, losing to Francis Coppola and Mario Puzo for their adaptation of The Godfather Part II. While filming Young Frankenstein, Wilder had an idea for a romantic musical comedy about a brother of Sherlock Holmes. Marty Feldman and Madeline Kahn agreed to participate in the project, and Wilder began writing what became his directorial début, 1975's The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother.
In 1975, Wilder's agent sent him a script for a film called Super Chief. Wilder accepted, but told the film's producers that he thought the only person who could keep the film from being offensive was Richard Pryor. Pryor accepted the role in the film, which had been renamed Silver Streak, the first film to team Wilder and Pryor. They became Hollywood's first successful interracial movie comedy duo.
While filming Silver Streak, Wilder began working on a script for The World's Greatest Lover, inspired by Fellini's The White Sheik. Wilder wrote, produced, and directed The World's Greatest Lover, which premièred in 1977, but was a critical failure. The Frisco Kid (1979) was Wilder's next project. The film was to star John Wayne, but he dropped out and was replaced by Harrison Ford, then an up-and-coming actor.
In 1980 Wilder teamed up again with Richard Pryor in Stir Crazy, directed by Sidney Poitier. Pryor was struggling with a severe cocaine addiction, and filming became difficult, but once the film premiered, it became an international success. New York magazine listed "Skip Donahue" (Wilder) and "Harry Monroe" (Pryor) as number nine on their 2007 list of "The Fifteen Most Dynamic Duos in Pop Culture History", and the film has often appeared in "best comedy" lists and rankings.
Poitier and Wilder became friends, with the pair working together on a script called Traces—which became 1982's Hanky Panky, the film where Wilder met comedian Gilda Radner. Through the remainder of the decade, Wilder and Radner worked on several projects together. After Hanky Panky, Wilder directed his third film, 1984's The Woman in Red, which starred Wilder, Radner, and Kelly Le Brock. The Woman in Red was not well received by the critics, nor was their next project, 1986's Haunted Honeymoon, which failed to attract audiences. The Woman in Red did win an Academy Award for Best Original Song for Stevie Wonder's song "I Just Called to Say I Love You".
TriStar Pictures wanted to produce another film starring Wilder and Pryor, and Wilder agreed to do See No Evil, Hear No Evil only if he were allowed to rewrite the script. The studio agreed, and See No Evil, Hear No Evil premiered in May 1989 to mostly negative reviews. Many critics praised Wilder and Pryor, as well as Kevin Spacey's performance, but they mostly agreed that the script was terrible. Roger Ebert called it "a real dud"; the Deseret Morning News described the film as "stupid", with an "idiotic script" that had a "contrived story" and too many "juvenile gags", while Vincent Canby called it "by far the most successful co-starring vehicle for Mr. Pryor and Mr. Wilder", also acknowledging that "this is not elegant movie making, and not all of the gags are equally clever".
After starring as a political cartoonist who falls in love in the 1990 film Funny About Love, Wilder performed in one final movie with Pryor, the 1991 feature Another You, in which Pryor's physical deterioration from multiple sclerosis was clearly noticeable. It was Pryor's last starring role in a film (he appeared in a few cameos before he died in 2005) and also marked Wilder's last appearance in a feature film. His last two movies were not financially successful. Wilder's remaining work consisted of television movies and guest appearances in TV shows.
In 1994, Wilder starred in the NBC sitcom Something Wilder. The show received poor reviews and lasted only one season. He went back to the small screen in 1999, appearing in three television movies, one of which was the NBC adaptation of Alice in Wonderland. The other two, Murder in a Small Town and The Lady in Question, were mystery movies for A&E TV that were cowritten by Wilder, in which he played a theatre director turned amateur detective.
Three years later, Wilder guest-starred on two episodes of NBC's Will & Grace, winning a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor on a Comedy Series for his role as Mr. Stein, Will Truman's boss. This ended Wilder's screen career; from 2003 forward, Wilder focused his creative energies on writing novels and stories, as well as painting.
Wilder met his first wife, Mary Mercier, while studying at the HB Studio in New York. Although the couple had not been together long, they married on July 22, 1960. They spent long periods of time apart, eventually divorcing in 1965. A few months later, Wilder began dating Mary Joan Schutz, a friend of his sister. Schutz had a daughter, Katharine, from a previous marriage. When Katharine started calling Wilder "Dad", he decided to do what he felt was "the right thing to do", marrying Schutz on October 27, 1967, and adopting Katharine that same year. Schutz and Wilder separated after seven years of marriage, with Katharine suspecting that Wilder was having an affair with his Young Frankenstein co-star, Madeline Kahn. After the divorce, he briefly dated his other Frankenstein co-star, Teri Garr. Wilder eventually became estranged from Katharine.
Wilder met Saturday Night Live actress Gilda Radner on August 13, 1981, while filming Sidney Poitier's Hanky Panky. Radner was married to guitarist G. E. Smith at the time, but Wilder and she became inseparable friends. When the filming of Hanky Panky ended, Wilder found himself missing Radner, so he called her. The relationship grew, and Radner eventually divorced Smith in 1982. She moved in with Wilder, and the couple married on September 14, 1984, in the south of France. The couple wanted to have children, but Radner suffered miscarriages, and doctors could not determine the problem. After experiencing severe fatigue and suffering from pain in her upper legs on the set of Haunted Honeymoon, Radner sought medical treatment. Following a number of false diagnoses, she was found to have ovarian cancer in October 1986. Over the next year and a half, Radner battled the disease, receiving chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments. The disease finally went into remission, giving the couple a respite, during which time Wilder filmed See No Evil, Hear No Evil. By May 1989, the cancer returned and had metastasized. Radner died on May 20, 1989. Wilder later stated, "I always thought she'd pull through."
Following Radner's death, Wilder became active in promoting cancer awareness and treatment, helping found the Gilda Radner Ovarian Cancer Detection Center in Los Angeles and co-founding Gilda's Club, a support group to raise awareness of cancer that began in New York City and now has branches throughout the country.
While preparing for his role as a deaf man in See No Evil, Hear No Evil, Wilder met Karen Webb (née Boyer), who was a clinical supervisor for the New York League for the Hard of Hearing. Webb coached him in lip reading. Following Gilda Radner's death, Wilder and Webb reconnected, and on September 8, 1991, they married. The two lived in Stamford, Connecticut, in the 1734 Colonial home that he had shared with Radner.
In 2007, Wilder stated, "I'm quietly political. I don't like advertising. Giving money to someone or support, but not getting on a bandstand. I don't want to run for president in 2008. I will write another book instead." Wilder donated to Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign.
Semi-retirement and authorship
The Wilders spent most of their time painting watercolors, writing, and participating in charitable efforts.
In 1998, Wilder collaborated on the book Gilda's Disease with oncologist Steven Piver, sharing personal experiences of Radner's struggle with ovarian cancer. Wilder himself was hospitalized with non-Hodgkin lymphoma in 1999, but confirmed in March 2005 that the cancer was in complete remission following chemotherapy and a stem cell transplant.
In October 2001, he read from Charlie and the Chocolate Factory as part of a special benefit performance held at the Westport Country Playhouse to aid families affected by the September 11 attacks. Also in 2001, Wilder donated a collection of scripts, correspondences, documents, photographs, and clipped images to the University of Iowa Libraries.
On March 1, 2005, Wilder released his highly personal memoir, Kiss Me Like a Stranger: My Search for Love and Art, an account of his life covering everything from his childhood up to Radner's death. Two years later, in March 2007, Wilder released his first novel, My French Whore, which is set during World War I. His second novel, The Woman Who Wouldn't, was released in March 2008.
In a 2008 Turner Classic Movies special, Role Model: Gene Wilder, where Alec Baldwin interviewed Wilder about his career, Wilder said that he was basically retired from acting for good. "I don't like show business, I realized," he explained. "I like show, but I don't like the business."
When asked in a 2013 Time Out New York magazine interview whether he would act again if a suitable film project came his way, Wilder responded, "I'm tired of watching the bombing, shooting, killing, swearing and 3-D. I get 52 movies a year sent to me, and maybe there are three good [ones]. That's why I went into writing. It's not that I wouldn't act again. I'd say, 'Give me the script. If it's something wonderful, I'll do it.' But I don't get anything like that."
Wilder died at the age of 83 on August 29, 2016, at home in Stamford, Connecticut, from complications of Alzheimer's disease. He had kept knowledge of his condition private, but had been diagnosed three years prior to his death. Wilder's nephew, Jordan Walker-Pearlman, said that this was so as not to sadden fans of Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, stating:
The decision to wait until this time to disclose his condition wasn't vanity, but more so than the countless young children that would smile or call out to him 'there's Willy Wonka,' would not have to be then exposed to an adult referencing illness or trouble and causing delight to travel to worry, disappointment, or confusion. He simply couldn't bear the idea of one less smile in the world.
Awards and nominations
|1962||Clarence Derwent Award||Best Performance by an Actor in a Nonfeatured Role||The Complaisant Lover||Hotel Valet||Won|
|Best Supporting Actor||The Producers||Leo Bloom||Nominated|
|1971||Golden Globe Award||Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy||Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory||Willy Wonka||Nominated|
|Best Adapted Screenplay||Young Frankenstein||Dr. Frederick Frankenstein||Nominated|
|1976||Golden Globe Award||Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy||Silver Streak||George Caldwell||Nominated|
|2003||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series||Will & Grace||Mr. Stein||Won|
|1967||Bonnie and Clyde||Eugene Grizzard|
|1967||The Producers||Leopold "Leo" Bloom|
|1970||Start the Revolution Without Me||The twins Claude and Philippe|
|1970||Quackser Fortune Has a Cousin in the Bronx||Quackser Fortune|
|1971||Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory||Willy Wonka|
|1972||Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex* (*But Were Afraid to Ask)||Dr. Doug Ross||Segment: "What Is Sodomy?"|
|1974||Blazing Saddles||Jim, "The Waco Kid"|
|1974||The Little Prince||The Fox|
|1974||Young Frankenstein||Dr. Frederick Frankenstein||Also writer|
|1975||The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother||Sigerson Holmes||Also director and writer|
|1976||Silver Streak||George Caldwell|
|1977||The World's Greatest Lover||Rudy Valentine, aka Rudy Hickman||Also producer, director, and writer|
|1979||The Frisco Kid||Avram Belinski|
|1980||Sunday Lovers||Skippy||Directed "Skippy" segment|
|1980||Stir Crazy||Skip Donahue|
|1982||Hanky Panky||Michael Jordon|
|1984||The Woman in Red||Teddy Pierce||Also director and writer|
|1986||Haunted Honeymoon||Larry Abbot||Also director and writer|
|1989||See No Evil, Hear No Evil||Dave Lyons||Also writer|
|1990||Funny About Love||Duffy Bergman|
|1991||Another You||George/Abe Fielding|
|1966||Death of a Salesman||Bernard||Television film|
|1972–1977||The Electric Company||Voice for The Adventures of Letterman||Recurring role|
|1972||The Scarecrow||Lord Ravensbane/The Scarecrow||Television film|
|1974||Thursday's Game||Harry Evers||Television film|
|1994–1995||Something Wilder||Gene Bergman||15 episodes|
|1999||Murder in a Small Town||Larry "Cash" Carter||Television film; co-written with Gilbert Pearlman|
|1999||Alice in Wonderland||The Mock Turtle||Television film|
|1999||The Lady in Question||Larry "Cash" Carter||Television film; co-written with Gilbert Pearlman|
|2002–2003||Will & Grace||Mr. Stein||Episodes: "Boardroom and a Parked Place", "Sex, Losers & Videotape"|
- Piver, M. Steven; Wilder, Gene (1998). Gilda's Disease: Sharing Personal Experiences and a Medical Perspective on Ovarian Cancer (Paperback ed.). New York City: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0767901383.
- Wilder, Gene (2006). Kiss Me Like a Stranger: My Search for Love and Art (Revised ed.). St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312337070.
- Wilder, Gene (2007). My French Whore (Revised ed.). St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312377991.
- Wilder, Gene (2008). The Woman Who Wouldn't (1st ed.). St. Martin's Press.
- Wilder, Gene (2010). What Is This Thing Called Love? (1st ed.). St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312598907.
- Wilder, Gene (2013). Something to Remember You By: A Perilous Romance (1st ed.). St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312598914.
- Cohen, Sandy; McShane, Larry (August 29, 2016). "Nephew: Gene Wilder, star of Mel Brooks movies, dies at 83". AP.org. Associated Press. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- Lewis, Daniel (August 29, 2016). "Gene Wilder Dies at 83; Star of 'Willy Wonka' and 'Young Frankenstein'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- "Milwaukee's own Gene Wilder, star of 'Willy Wonka' and Mel Brooks comedies, dead at 83, family says". Fox. August 29, 2016.
- Segal, David. "Gene Wilder: It Hurts to Laugh." The Washington Post. March 28, 2005. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
- Wilder interviewed by Robert Osborne on Turner Classic Movies when Wilder was the guest film programmer (June 19, 2014).
- Wilder, 13.
- Wilder, 17.
- Pogrebin, Abigail (August 29, 2016). "Gene Wilder Dead at 83; The Comedic Icon Once Said, 'Do Unto Others as You Would Have Them Do Unto You'". Stars of David: Prominent Jews Talk About Being Jewish. Retrieved August 30, 2016 – via Tablet.
- Wilder, 39.
- Wilder, 40.
- Wilder, 41–42.
- Wilder, 50–51.
- Shelden, Michael. "Why would they remake Willy Wonka?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
- Wilder, 60.
- The Gene Wilder Papers. Collection Dates: 1961?–2000. (Bulk Dates: 1970s) 3.75 linear ft. Retrieved February 29, 2008.
- Wilder, Gene. Kiss Me Like a Stranger: My Search for Love and Art. St. Martin's Press, 2005. ISBN 0-312-33706-X.
- Natale, Richard (August 29, 2016). "Gene Wilder, 'Willy Wonka' Star and Comedic Icon, Dies at 83". Variety. United States: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- "Larry King Live – Interview With Gene Wilder." CNN.com – Transcripts. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Wilder, 96.
- Oakes, Keily. "Getting The Producers to the West End." BBC News. November 9, 2004. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- The Producers. at Music Theatre International.com. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- Adler, Renata. "The Producers." The New York Times. March 19, 1968. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
- Wilder, 133.
- Wilder, 120–124.
- Wilder, 129.
- Honeybone, Nigel (April 25, 2012). "Film Review: Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory (1971)". Retrieved July 8, 2015.
- Segal, David (March 28, 2005). "Gene Wilder: It Hurts to Laugh". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
- Evans, Bradford (January 31, 2013). "The Lost Roles of Peter Sellers". Splitsider. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
- "Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory: Box Office Data, DVD and Blu-ray Sales, Movie News, Cast and Crew Information". The-numbers.com. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
- "Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory at Rotten Tomatoes
- "Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex, but Were Afraid to Ask" – Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
- Wilder, 140.
- Young Frankenstein. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
- "1974 (47th) Nominees and winners for best writing (original and adapted)" – Academy Awards Database. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
- Wilder, 154.
- Jet, January 9, 2006.
- "The World's Greatest Lover (1977). Archived December 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine RottenTomatoes.com. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
- Jet, July 10, 1980.
- Wilder, 185–186.
- Kois, Dane and Lane Brown. "The Buddy List: The Fifteen Most Dynamic Duos in Pop Culture History". New York. September 8, 2007. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- Ebert, Roger. "See No Evil, Hear No Evil". RogerEbert.com. May 12, 1989. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- Hicks, Chris. "See No Evil, Hear No Evil" Archived December 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Deseret Morning News. May 18, 1989. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- Canby, Vincent. "Review/Film; Pryor and Wilder Pool Handicaps in 'See No Evil'". The New York Times (May 12, 1989). Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- "Comedian Richard Pryor dies at 65". MSNBC.com. Associated Press. December 12, 2005. Archived from the original on December 12, 2005. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Stacey, Olivia. "Gene Wilder & Richard Pryor: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". heavy.com. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "Old friends are 'kvelling' for Wilder". Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle, The. April 12, 1991. p. 1. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
- Tucker, Ken (September 30, 1994). "Veterans Parade". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Susman, Gary (September 15, 2003). "W for Winner". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
- Wilder, 105–106.
- Wilder, 153–155.
- Radner, Gilda. It's Always Something. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989.
- Wilder, 188–220.
- Broeske, Pat H. "Gene Wilder's fateful life journey." BookPage. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Distinguished Alumni Winner: Gene Wilder. University of Iowa Alumni Association. Retrieved March 19, 2008.
- "Gene Wilder Is Rooting For The Democrats". Starpulse.com. May 15, 2007. Archived from the original on March 3, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- Celebrities ante up for Democratic campaigns (CNN).
- Ginocchio, Mark and Lisa Chamoff. "Area theaters compete for name talent in a crowded market." The Stamford Advocate. December 26, 2007.
- Wilder, Gene. My French Whore. Thorndike Press, 2007. ISBN 0-7862-9725-5.
- Wilder, Gene. The Woman Who Wouldn't . St. Martin's Press, 2008. ISBN 0-312-37578-6.
- Wilder, Gene (2010). What Is This Thing Called Love?. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-59890-4.
- Wilder, Gene (2013). Something to Remember You By: A Perilous Romance. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9780312598914.
- "Interview: Gene Wilder". Time Out New York. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "Gene Wilder, star of Willy Wonka and Mel Brooks comedies, dies aged 83". Guardian. August 30, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
- Weldon, Glen (August 29, 2016). "Gene Wilder, Star Of 'Willy Wonka' And 'Young Frankenstein,' Dies". NPR. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
- "Family: Wilder passed to 'Somewhere Over the Rainbow'". USA Today. August 29, 2016. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- Hautman, Nicholas (August 30, 2016). "Gene Wilder Died Holding Hands With His Family While Listening to 'Over the Rainbow'". US Weekly. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". Beverly Hills, California: Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- "Winners & Nominees 1972". Golden Globe Award. United States: Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- "The 47th Academy Awards (1975) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- "Winners & Nominees 1977". Golden Globe Award. United States: Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- Radner, Gilda (1989). It's Always Something. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-671-63868-8.
- Piver, M. Steven; Wilder, Gene (1998). Gilda's Disease: Sharing Personal Experiences and a Medical Perspective On Ovarian Cancer. Broadway Books. ISBN 0-7679-0138-X.
- Wilder, Gene (2005). Kiss Me Like a Stranger: My Search for Love and Art. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-33706-X.