Gardner Edmund Lindzey (November 27, 1920 – February 4, 2008) was an American psychologist and a past president of the American Psychological Association (APA). After completing a doctorate at Harvard University, Lindzey served as a professor or administrator at several universities, edited a well-known textbook in social psychology and led a 1982 National Academy of Sciences (NAS) panel that recommended the legalization of marijuana.
|Died||February 4, 2008 87) (aged|
|Alma mater||Penn State University (A.B., M.S.)|
Harvard University (Ph.D.)
|Known for||The Handbook of Social Psychology|
University of Minnesota
University of Texas
|Academic advisors||Gordon Allport|
|Doctoral students||Auke Tellegen|
Early life and education
Lindzey was born on November 27, 1920 in Wilmington, Delaware. He attended Penn State University, earning undergraduate and graduate degrees in psychology. In 1949, he finished a Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard University.
After teaching briefly at Harvard and spending several years at Syracuse University, Lindzey joined the faculty of the University of Minnesota. Psychologist and fellow faculty member Elliot Aronson described Lindzey as "the star of the round table, an entertaining storyteller and a catalyst of conversation. And he seemed to know everything about everyone's research... But he would always find a way to make each person's research relevant to the interests of the other people at the table."
He chaired the psychology department at the University of Texas between 1964 and 1969. Later, the university credited him with "transforming the department from a relatively small and unassuming group to a large and internationally recognized faculty." Lindzey made contributions to personality psychology, social psychology, the history of psychology and behavioral genetics. He moved into educational administration at Texas, becoming the vice president for academic affairs and remaining there until 1975. He then became the longest-serving director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS), running the center between 1975 and 1989 after completing fellowships there in 1954, 1964 and 1972.
In 1982, he was a key member (immediate past chair) of the NAS committee that recommended the decriminalization of marijuana in An Analysis of Marijuana Policy, a report commissioned several years earlier by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Other committee members included psychiatrist Daniel X. Freedman, former U.S. drug czar Jerome Jaffe, sociologists Denise Kandel and Howard S. Becker, psychologist and future university and foundation president Judith Rodin, future Nobel Prize winner in economics Thomas Schelling, and former CBS president Frank Stanton. The report highlighted the costs associated with the 400,000 annual marijuana-related arrests. When the report was published, NAS president Frank Press included a cover letter with it that criticized the report. Press thought that the committee had overstepped its bounds with its conclusions, which he said were better left to the political process. National Institute on Drug Abuse director William Pollin also said that it was "a terrible mistake and a public health tragedy" to advocate for societal acceptance of marijuana use.
An athlete in high school, Lindzey continued to play tennis for several years after his retirement. He was ill for the last couple of years of his life. He spent some time in hospice care, but he was able to return to work as an editor almost up to the time that he died.
- The Handbook of Social Psychology
- Theories of Personality (1957)
- Projective Techniques and Cross-Cultural Research (1961)
- Aronson, E., Luce, R. D., Steele, C., Suppes, P. (March 2010). "Gardner Lindzey" (PDF). Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 154 (1): 103–107. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Pearce, Jeremy (February 18, 2008). "Gardner Lindzey, former president of the American Psychological Association, is dead at 87". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Aronson, Elliot (2010). Not by Chance Alone: My Life as a Social Psychologist. Basic Books. p. 185. ISBN 978-0465023523.
- "In memoriam: Gardner Lindzey, former chair of Department of Psychology". University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Runyan, William (October 2009). "Obituary: Gardner Lindzey (1920-2008) (abstract)". American Psychologist. 64 (7): 615–616. doi:10.1037/a0017108. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "Gardner Lindzey, Ph.D." Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. Archived from the original on March 29, 2014. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "Report urging pot legalization disputed". The Palm Beach Post. July 9, 1982. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "NAS Award for Scientific Reviewing". National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on January 26, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2014.