Gambir is a subdistrict of Central Jakarta, Indonesia. It is characterized by many historic buildings from the colonial era. Gambir Subdistrict is the location of many political and administrative center of Jakarta and Indonesia. The Merdeka Palace (the presidential palace of Indonesia), the National Museum, the headquarters of the Indonesian Scout Movement and the Merdeka Square (the location of the National Monument) are located in Gambir.
Gambir is bounded by the Flood Canal (Indonesian: Kanal Banjir) to the west, the river Ciliwung to the east, KH Zainul Arifin and Sukarjo Wiryopranoto Road to the north, and Kebon Sirih Raya Road to the south.
The City Hall of Central Jakarta is located in Petojo Selatan, Gambir District. One of the busiest railway station of Jakarta, Gambir Station, is located in Gambir, Gambir District.
The area that is now Gambir District was originally a southern hinterland of Batavia with marshes and known for the gambier plant. A kampung settlement existed under the name Kampung Gambir. In the 18th century, a landowner known as Anthony Paviljoen began to develop the area and later rented them to Chinese people who further developed the land as an agricultural land.
When Batavia was abandoned in favor of the healthier and cleaner southern neighborhood of Batavia, the Gambir area was gradually urbanized and developed. During the government of Daendels, the center of administration was moved from the old Batavia to Gambir area. The area became widely known as Weltevreden until 1931, after which it officially became Batavia Centrum (Central Batavia).
The area around the large field was characteristically surrounded with colonial buildings, mansions, and other civic facilities. Some of these buildings are restored and have become landmarks of Jakarta, such as the Willemskerk (now the Immanuel Church) and The Batavian Society of Arts and Science (now the National Museum).
Kelurahan (Administrative Villages)
The district of Gambir is divided into six kelurahan or administrative villages:
List of important places
- Pradaningrum Mijarto.Pasar Gambir Puluhan Tahun Lalu Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine. Kompas daring. Edisi 29 Agustus 2009.
- Didit (October 7, 2009). "Hutan Gambir yang Kini Jadi Pusat Pemerintahan". BERITAJAKARTA.com (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
- Merrillees 2015, p. 11.
- Adolf Heuken SJ (2007). Historical Sites of Jakarta. Cipta Loka Caraka Foundation, Jakarta.
- Merrillees, Scott (2015). Jakarta: Portraits of a Capital 1950-1980. Jakarta: Equinox Publishing. ISBN 9786028397308.
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