The GSh-18 (Cyrillic: ГШ-18) is a 9 mm semi-automatic pistol developed by the KBP Instrument Design Bureau in Tula during the 1990s. The pistol's name is derived from its designers—Gryazev and Shipunov—and its magazine capacity of 18 rounds.[1][2]

GSh-18 (ГШ-18)
Gryazev and Shipunov 9mm GSh-18 pistol
TypeSemi-automatic pistol
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service2000–present
Used byRussia
Production history
DesignerV.P. Gryazev[1]
A.G. Shipunov[1]
ManufacturerKBP Instrument Design Bureau
Unit cost14,810 roubles (2008)
23,314.44 roubles (2012)[3]
Variantsvarious civilian versions
Mass590 g (21 oz)
Length184 mm (7.2 in)
Barrel length103 mm (4.1 in)
Width34 mm (1.3 in)
Height136 mm (5.4 in)

Cartridge9×19mm Parabellum
9×19mm 7N21 +P+
9×19mm 7N31 +P+
ActionShort recoil, rotating barrel striker fired
Muzzle velocity535 m/s (1,755 ft/s)–570 m/s (1,870.1 ft/s)
Feed system18-round detachable box magazine
SightsFixed; front blade and rear notch

Design details

The GSh-18 is a rotating-barrel, short recoil, locked-breech pistol with 10 locking lugs spaced equally around the barrel, the large locking surface area resulting in a strong lockup,[4] making it suitable for high-velocity ammunition loads. The GSh-18 may be employed using standard 9x19mm Parabellum rounds, but was designed for the high velocity, Russian armour-piercing 7N31 9x19mm round. The pistol incorporates a pre-set striker.[1] The slide and working parts are steel, and the weapon has a polymer frame.

Two different designs of grip have been observed.[4] The magazine capacity is 18 rounds, and an additional round may be carried in the chamber. The magazine release is reversible for left-handed shooters and the ejector doubles as a loaded chamber indicator. The magazines are a double stack design common to many modern handguns.

The GSh-18 pistol contains only 17 parts (by comparison, the Glock 17 contains 34 parts).


The GSh-18 is designed to fire standard 9×19mm Parabellum as well as the Russian 9×19mm 7N21 (Cyrillic: 7Н21) and 7N31 (Cyrillic: 7Н31) +P+ armor-piercing rounds. The 7N31, has demonstrated penetration of 8 mm of steel (15–20 meters of distance).[1][5]


  • GSh-18 (GRAU index 6P54)
  • GSh-18 Tactical with Picatinny rail, a new receiver and an ability to install a silencer, which was officially revealed in 2012.[6]
  • GSh-18S «Sport» (ГШ-18С «Спорт») - civilian version with modified trigger and firing pin and 10-round detachable box magazine
  • GSh-18 «Sport 2» (ГШ-18 «Спорт 2») - civilian version with modified trigger and 18-round detachable box magazine[7]
  • GSh-18T (ГШ-18Т) - Non-lethal version using MP-80-13т .45 rubber bullets.


See also


  1. Владимир Доквадзе. ГШ-18. Серьёзный аргумент. Archived 21 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine // журнал "Ружьё", № 4, 2008
  2. Евгений Александров. Дело «Грачей». Новые пистолеты Российской армии. // журнал «Калашников. Оружие, боеприпасы, снаряжение», № 4, 2003 г. стр.12-17
  3. "девятимиллиметровый пистолет ГШ-18. Это один из самых дорогих подарков - 23 314.44 руб."
    Руслан Игнатьев. Оружие в законе // "Экспресс-газета", № 32 (913) от 15 августа 2012
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 December 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ГШ-18 СПОРТ / официальный сайт Тульского КБ Приборостроения
  8. Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 166 от 21 марта 2003 г.
  10. Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 568 от 16 сентября 2006 года
  11. Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 776 от 2 октября 2009 года "Об обеспечении боевым ручным стрелковым и иным оружием, патронами к нему, специальными средствами, оборудованием и снаряжением Федеральной службы судебных приставов"


  • Михаил Дегтярев. Правнук «Токарева» // журнал «Калашников. Оружие. Боеприпасы. Снаряжение», № 1, 2001 г. стр.10-18
  • 9-миллиметровый пистолет ГШ-18 // журнал «Солдат удачи», № 5 (80), 2001. стр.24-25
  • 9х19 мм пистолет ГШ-18. Руководство по эксплуатации

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