|Type||Pump action grenade launcher|
|Place of origin||Russia|
|Used by||Spetsnaz, FSB, MVD and National Guard|
|Wars||2005 raid on Nalchik|
Libyan Civil War
|Mass||4.8 kg (10.6 lb) unloaded|
5.8 kg (12.8 lb) loaded
|Length||810 mm (31.9 in) stock extended|
540 mm (21.3 in) stock folded
|Muzzle velocity||85 m/s (280 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||300 m (330 yd)|
|Maximum firing range||500 m (550 yd)|
|Feed system||3 round pump action above-barrel tubular magazine|
The GM-94 is a short range weapon, allowing it to be used in close urban environments. With a minimum safe distance of only 5m, the GM-94 is well suited to close, room-to-room fighting. Its simple design and operation allows it to operate in dusty and dirty environments and even after being immersed in water.
The launcher is capable of firing VGM-93.900 high explosive fragmentation, VGM-93.100 thermobaric, VGM-93.300 smoke and VGM-93.200 tear gas canisters, VGM-93.600 rubber slugs and other non-lethal payloads.
In June 2005, GM-94 with thermobaric VGM-93.100 ammunition was adopted by the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs. In October 2007, the Russian armed forces adopted a new launcher designated LPO-97 developed in the KBP Instrument Design Bureau on the basis of the GM-94 with a thermobaric grenade, in 2008 GM-94 adopted for the branches of the Federal Security Service. Though the launcher was intended for use by Russian security forces, the GM-94 has been spotted as far afield as Kazakhstan and Libya.
- Popenker, Maxim; Jensen-Jones, N.R. (September 2015). The Russian GM-94 Grenade Launcher (PDF). Arms & Munitions brief. Armament Research. ISBN 978-0-9924624-5-1.
- Popenker & Jensen-Jones 2015, p. 16.
- Popenker & Jensen-Jones 2015, p. 17.
- "Modern Firearms". Archived from the original on 2 August 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
- Popenker & Jensen-Jones 2015, p. 15
- "ГМ-94 - ручной гранатомёт". army.lv. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "ОАО "Конструкторское бюро приборостроения" - 10 лет ГМ-94". kbptula.ru. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "ГМ-94". gewehr.ru. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- Ferguson, Jonathan; Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (November 2014). Raising Red Flags: An Examination of Arms & Munitions in the Ongoing Conflict in Ukraine, 2014. Research Report 3. Armament Research Services. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-9924624-3-7.