Gérard Larcher

Gérard Philippe René André Larcher (born 14 September 1949) is a French politician serving as President of the Senate since 2014, previously holding the position from 2008 to 2011. A member of The Republicans, he was a Senator for the Yvelines department from 1986 to 2004 and has been again since 2007. He served as Minister of Labour from 2004 to 2007 under President Jacques Chirac.

Gérard Larcher
President of the Senate
Assumed office
1 October 2014
Preceded byJean-Pierre Bel
In office
1 October 2008  30 September 2011
Preceded byChristian Poncelet
Succeeded byJean-Pierre Bel
Senator for Yvelines
Assumed office
1 October 2007
In office
2 October 1986  30 April 2004
Mayor of Rambouillet
In office
18 June 2007  4 April 2014
Preceded byJean-Frédéric Poisson
Succeeded byMarc Robert
In office
18 March 1983  7 July 2004
Preceded byJacqueline Thome-Patenôtre
Succeeded byJean-Frédéric Poisson
Personal details
Born (1949-09-14) 14 September 1949
Flers, France
Political partyRally for the Republic (1976–2002)
Union for a Popular Movement (2002–2015)
The Republicans (2015–present)
Spouse(s)Christine Weiss


Early life

Gérard Larcher was born in Flers, Orne to a Roman Catholic family. He is the son of Philippe Larcher, director of a textile factory and former mayor of Saint-Michel-des-Andaines, a small town in the Orne.

Upon his second marriage with Christine Weiss, a dentist, he converted to Protestantism. From this union were born three children : Aymeric, Dorothée and Charlotte.

Graduated from the National Veterinary School of Lyon (ENVL), Larcher worked from 1974 to 1979 in the France team of equestrian sports.

Political career

Local mandates

In 1976, he joined, as a high school student, the movement of young Gaullists, because he admired Charles de Gaulle and supported the policy of the founder of the Fifth Republic.

In 1983, he was elected Mayor of Rambouillet, in Yvelines. Two years later, he was elected regional councilor of Ile-de-France.

On 28 September 1986, for the first time, Gérard Larcher was elected to be Senator for Yvelines, under the banner of the Rally for the Republic (RPR). Aged 37, he was one of the youngest French Senators. Appointed Secretary of the Senate in 1989, he was re-elected as a Senator in 1995 and elected as Vice President of the Senate in 1997. In 2001, he was appointed as President of the Senate's Economic Affairs Commission.

Government minister

In March 2004, after the defeat of the right in regional elections, Gérard Larcher was appointed Delegate Minister to the Minister of Social Affairs in the cabinet of Jean-Pierre Raffarin. He retained his place in the government in June 2005, after the appointment of Dominique de Villepin as Prime Minister.

In May 2007, the new President, Nicolas Sarkozy, suggested he enter the government of François Fillon as Minister of Agriculture, but Gérard Larcher declined and preferred to sit in the Senate. In the following months, he prepared his candidacy for President of the Senate, to succeed Christian Poncelet. On 31 July 2008, he was declared a candidate for the UMP primary to elect the President of the Senate, against former Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin. On 24 September, he was elected as the UMP's candidate for the Presidency of the Senate with 78 votes, against 56 votes for Raffarin and 17 votes for Senator Philippe Marini.

President of the Senate

Gérard Larcher was elected as President of the Senate on 1 October 2008 receiving 173 votes against 134 votes for Socialist candidate Jean-Pierre Bel.[1]

The left won a Senate majority in the September 2011 Senate election, and Jean-Pierre Bel was elected as President of the Senate on 1 October 2011. He received 179 votes against 134 votes for Larcher, who was the right's candidate; a centrist, Valerie Letard, received 29 votes.[2]

After the victory of the right in September 2014 Senate elections, Larcher was again nominated for the post of President of the Senate by members of the UMP group, and he was elected as President of the Senate on 1 October 2014.

Political career

Governmental function

  • Delegate Minister for Labor Relations : 2004-2005
  • Delegate Minister for Employment, Labor and for Employability of young : 2005-2007

Senate mandates

Senate of France

Regional Council

Municipal Council


Political offices
New office Delegate Minister for Labor Relations
Succeeded by
as Delegate Minister for Labor
Preceded by
as Delegate Minister for Labor Relations
Laurent Hénart
as Secretary of State for Employability of young
Delegate Minister for Employment, Labor and
for Employability of young

Preceded by
Christian Poncelet
President of the French Senate
Succeeded by
Jean-Pierre Bel
Preceded by
Jean-Pierre Bel
President of the French Senate
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Édouard Philippe
as Prime Minister
Order of precedence of France
as President of the Senate
Succeeded by
Richard Ferrand
as President of the National Assembly
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