|Successor||Orient Overseas Container Line|
|Website||Furness Withy (Chartering) Ltd.|
The company was founded by Christopher Furness and Henry Withy (1852-1922) in 1891 in Hartlepool. This was achieved by the amalgamation of the Furness Line of steamers with the business of Edward Withy and Co., iron and steel shipbuilders and repairers, of West Hartlepool, which was founded by Edward Withy (1844-1927), Henry Withy's brother. An early acquisition in 1900 was a controlling interest in Richardsons Westgarth & Company, a marine engineering business. It started with 18 vessels and over the subsequent years it owned in excess of a thousand ships. It bought the Prince line in 1916. In 1917 the Furness Shipbuilding Co Ltd was established, at Haverton Hill, River Tees, initially for war production. The Furness family sold its interests in the Company to a consortium led by Frederick Lewis, a Director in the business, in 1919. Also in 1919, the Furness Bermuda Line was established, which operated cruises primarily from Bermuda until 1966.
Furness, Withy acquired the Red Cross Line in 1928 and Royal Mail Lines (formerly Royal Mail Steam Packet Company) in 1965. In 1965, British and Commonwealth Shipping, Furness Withy, P&O and The Ocean Steamship Company established Overseas Containers Limited to exploit containerisation. In 1968 it went on to buy the Houlder Group, a company with offshore oil interests. Furness Withy bought Manchester Liners in 1970.
Ships and services
Furness, Withy operated both tramp and liner services. The latter included transatlantic Royal Mail and passenger routes, initially from West Hartlepool to Boston and New York, and later from Liverpool to St John's, Newfoundland, Halifax, Nova Scotia and Boston. The Liverpool — Boston route was worked by a pair of sister ships, RMS Newfoundland and RMS Nova Scotia. The first Newfoundland and Nova Scotia were built in 1925 and 1926 but were requisitioned in 1940 and 1941. Both were lost to enemy action: Nova Scotia as a troop ship in 1942; Newfoundland as a hospital ship in 1943.
A second Newfoundland and Nova Scotia were built as replacements in 1947 and served until 1962, when Furness, Withy sold them to Dominion Navigation Co. A third Newfoundland and Nova Scotia were built in 1964 and 1965, and were chartered to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line in 1973.
- Red Duster
- "Christopher Furness". The Times. 11 November 1912.
- Furness Withy (Chartering) Limited
- "Furness Shipbuilding Co", www.gracesguide.co.uk, retrieved 1 February 2016
- "Shipping anniversary celebrates end of era". The Royal Gazette. 26 February 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
- Shipping Lines: Royal Mail Steam Packet Company
- Ocean Liner Museum: The Ocean Steamship Company
- Competition Commission Reports 1976 - 1979
- Stoker 1985, p. 53.
- Swiggum, S; Kohli, M (28 January 2006). "Warren Line / White Diamond SS Company / Furness Withy & Company / Johnston-Warren Line / Furness-Warren Line". TheShipsList. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
Sources and further reading
- Burrell, David (1992). Furness Withy, 1891-1991. Kendal: World Ship Society. ISBN 0905617703.
- Haws, Duncan (2000). Furness Withy. Merchant Fleets. 37. Crowborough: Travel Creatours Ltd. ISBN 094637838X.
- Haws, Duncan (2000). Furness Withy's Manchester Liners Houlders Alexander Prince & Rio Cape Lines. Merchant Fleets. 38. Crowborough: Travel Creatours Ltd. ISBN 0946378398.
- Stoker, Robert B (1985). The Saga of Manchester Liners. Douglas: Kinglish Ltd. ISBN 0-9507480-2-1.