Furcraea

Furcraea is a genus of succulent plants belonging to the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae,[4] native to tropical regions of Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and northern South America. Some species are also naturalized in parts of Africa, Florida, Portugal, Thailand, India, and Australia, as well as on various oceanic islands.[3][5][6]

Furcraea
Furcraea foetida in Hawaii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Furcraea
Vent.[1]
Type species
Furcraea cubensis
(Jacq.) Vent.[2]
Synonyms[3]
  • Funium Willemet
  • Fourcroya Spreng.
  • Roezlia Laurentius

Plants of this genus are the origin of fique or cabuyo, a natural fiber.

Species [3]

ImageScientific nameDistribution
Furcraea acaulis (Kunth) B.UllrichVenezuela
Furcraea andina Trel. in L.H.BaileyPeru, Ecuador
Furcraea antillana A.ÁlvarezCuba, Hispaniola
Furcraea boliviensis RavennaBolivia
Furcraea cabuya Trel.tropical Mexico, Central America, Venezuela
Furcraea depauperata JacobiMexico but apparently extinct
Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw. (Mauritius Hemp)southern Caribbean; widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere
Furcraea guatemalensis Trel.southern Mexico, Central America
Furcraea guerrerensis MatudaGuerrero
Furcraea hexapetala (Jacq.) Urb., (Cuban Hemp)southern Mexico, West Indies, Venezuela, Ecuador, Galápagos
Furcraea longaeva Karw. & Zucc.Puebla, Oaxaca
Furcraea macdougalii MatudaPuebla, Oaxaca, Chiapas
Furcraea martinezii García-Mend. & L.de la RosaGuerrero
Furcraea niquivilensis Matuda ex García-MendChiapas
Furcraea occidentalis Trel.Peru
Furcraea parmentieri (Roezl) García-Mend.southern Mexico
Furcraea quicheensis Trel.Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras
Furcraea samalana Trel.Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador
Furcraea selloa K.Koch (Wild Sisal)Colombia, Ecuador; naturalized in Tamaulipas, Florida, Andaman Islands, India, Queensland
Furcraea stratiotes PetersenNicaragua
Furcraea stricta JacobiTrinidad, Colombia, Brazil
Furcraea tuberosa (Mill.) Aiton (Female Karata)West Indies; naturalized in South Africa
Furcraea undulata Jacobitropical Mexico, El Salvador

See also

References

  1. Ventenat, Etienne Pierre. 1793. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societe Philomatique 1: 65-67 in Latin
  2. lectotype designated by Britton, Flora of Bermuda 80 (1918)
  3. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Agavoideae
  5. Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps, Furcraea spp.
  6. García-Mendoza, A. 2000. Revisión taxonómica de las especies arborescentes de Furcraea (Agavaceae) en México y Guatemala. Bol. Soc. Bot. México 66: 113–129


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