Fu (kana)

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora. The hiragana is made in four strokes, while the katakana in one. It represents the phoneme /hu͍/, although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [ɸɯ] (listen), which is why it is romanized fu in Hepburn romanization instead of hu. Written with a dakuten (ぶ, ブ), they both represent a "bu" sound, and written with handakuten (ぷ, プ) they both represent a "pu" sound.

fu
transliterationfu, hu
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana富士山のフ Fujisan no "fu"

The katakana フ is frequently combined with other vowels to represent sounds in foreign words. For example, the word "file" is written in Japanese as ファイル (fairu), with ファ representing a non-native sound, fa.

In certain Okinawan writing systems, ふ/フ can be written as ふぁ,ふぃ, ふぇ to make both fa, fi, and fe sounds as well as representing the sounds hwa, hwi, and hwe. In the Ryukyu University system, fa/hwa is written using the wa kana instead, ふゎ/フヮ. In the Ainu language the katakana with a handakuten プ can be written as a small ㇷ゚ to represent a final p sound. In the Sakhalin dialect, フ without a handakuten can be written as small ㇷ to represent a final h sound after an u sound (ウㇷ uh).

Forms Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana Example words (with kanji)
Normal f-
(は行 ha-gyō)
fu
  • ふゆ fuyu 冬 winter
  • ふえる fueru 増える to grow/increase
  • ふつう futsū 普通 normal
  • ふみきり fumikiri 踏み切り level crossing
  • ふとん futon 布団 quilt/blanket
  • ふるえる furueru 震える to shake
  • フランス furansu France
fuu
ふう, ふぅ
ふー
フウ, フゥ
フー
Addition dakuten b-
(ば行 ba-gyō)
bu
  • はんぶん hanbun 半分 half
  • かぶ kabu 株 share/stump
  • ぶし bushi 武士 samurai
  • ハーブ hābu herb
buu
ぶう, ぶぅ
ぶー
ブウ, ブゥ
ブー
Addition handakuten p-
(ぱ行 pa-gyō)
pu
  • きっぷ kippu 切符 stamp
  • おんぷ ompu 音符 note
puu
ぷう, ぷぅ
ぷー
プウ, プゥ
プー
Other additional forms
Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Form (f-)
fa/hwa ふぁ/ふゎ ファ/フヮ ファール fāru foul
    fi/hwi ふぃ フィ フィンランド finrando Finland
    fu フリー furī Free
    fe/hwe ふぇ フェ フェルト feruto felt
    fo ふぉ フォ フォード fōdo Ford

    Stroke order

    Other representations

    Character
    Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER FUKATAKANA LETTER FUHALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER FUKATAKANA LETTER SMALL FU
    Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
    Unicode12405U+307512501U+30D565420U+FF8C12791U+31F7
    UTF-8227 129 181E3 81 B5227 131 149E3 83 95239 190 140EF BE 8C227 135 183E3 87 B7
    Numeric character referenceふふフフフフㇷㇷ
    Shift JIS130 21182 D3131 11683 74204CC
    Character
    Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER BUKATAKANA LETTER BUHIRAGANA LETTER PUKATAKANA LETTER PU
    Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
    Unicode12406U+307612502U+30D612407U+307712503U+30D7
    UTF-8227 129 182E3 81 B6227 131 150E3 83 96227 129 183E3 81 B7227 131 151E3 83 97
    Numeric character referenceぶぶブブぷぷププ
    Shift JIS130 21282 D4131 11783 75130 21382 D5131 11883 76
    • Braille
    ふ / フ in Japanese Braille
    ふ / フ
    fu
    ぶ / ブ
    bu
    ぷ / プ
    pu
    ふう / フー
    ぶう / ブー
    ぷう / プー
    Other kana based on Braille
    ひゅ / ヒゅ
    hyu
    びゅ / ビュ
    byu
    ぴゅ / ピュ
    pyu
    ひゅう / ヒュー
    hyū
    びゅう / ビュー
    byū
    ぴゅう / ピュー
    pyū


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