Frosta

Frosta is the smallest municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. The administrative centre is the village of Frosta. The municipality is located along the Trondheimsfjord, on the Frosta peninsula, just north of the city of Trondheim. It also includes the island of Tautra which is connected to the mainland by a causeway bridge.

Frosta kommune
Frosta seen from Hellan looking towards Trondheim

Trøndelag within
Norway
Frosta within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°36′14″N 10°46′28″E
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreFrosta
Government
  Mayor (2015)Trine Haug (Sp)
Area
  Total76.32 km2 (29.47 sq mi)
  Land74.28 km2 (28.68 sq mi)
  Water2.04 km2 (0.79 sq mi)  2.7%
Area rank393 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
  Total2,616
  Rank287 in Norway
  Density35.2/km2 (91/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
6.1%
Demonym(s)Frosting [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5036
Official language formNeutral [2]
Websitefrosta.kommune.no

The 76-square-kilometre (29 sq mi) municipality is the 393rd largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Frosta is the 287th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,616. The municipality's population density is 35.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (91/sq mi) and its population has increased by 6.1% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information

Frosta was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). It is one of very few municipalities in Norway with unchanged borders since that date.[5] In 2018, the municipality, which was part of the old Nord-Trøndelag county became part of the new Trøndelag county.

Name

The Old Norse form of the name was (also) Frosta. The meaning of the name is unknown. Historically, the name was also spelled Frosten.[6]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 26 June 1987. The arms show a gold sceptre or mace on a green background. The coat of arms was inspired by the old seal of the medieval Frostating assembly, where King Magnus VI the law-mender is sitting with a lily sceptre in his hand. Frosta was one of the historic places of justice, so this was chosen to commemorate that fact.[7][8]

Churches

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Frosta. It is part of the Sør-Innherad prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Frosta
Parish (sokn)Church NameLocation of the ChurchYear Built
FrostaFrosta ChurchFrosta1866
Logtun ChurchLogtun16th century

History

Several rock engraving sites can be found in the parish, together with burial mounds from Viking times. Archaeologists have for the first time found the remnants of a Viking harbour (Vikinghavna på Fånestangen) in Norway at Frosta. A number of logs sticking up along the shoreline at Frosta have been dated back to around year 1000.

Norway's oldest court, Frostating, had its seat here at Tinghaugen, close to the mediaeval church at Logtun. On the island of Tautra can be found the remains of Tautra Abbey, a Trappist (Reformed Cistercian) convent, established in 1207.

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Frosta, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Inntrøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Frosta is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Frosta Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:17
Frosta Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:17
Frosta Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian)Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:17

Economy

Agriculture makes up the largest business in Frosta, which is sometimes called "Trondheim's kitchen garden" due to the substantial production of vegetables, strawberries, and flowers.

Notable residents

References

  1. "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  4. Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  5. Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. Rygh, Oluf (1903). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Trondhjems amt (dokpro.uio.no) (in Norwegian) (15 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 62.
  7. "Nord-Trøndelag fylke" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  8. "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
  9. Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  10. "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  11. "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  12. "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Nord-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
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