Freyung-Grafenau

Freyung-Grafenau is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts of Passau, Deggendorf and Regen, the Czech Republic and by Austria.

Freyung-Grafenau
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Adm. regionLower Bavaria
CapitalFreyung
Area
  Total984 km2 (380 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2018)[1]
  Total78,355
  Density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationFRG, WOS, GRA
Websitefreyung-grafenau.de

History

The district was established in 1972 by merging the former districts of Grafenau and Wolfstein.[2] In medieval times Wolfstein (east of the Ilz River) was the property of the bishop of Passau and the site of Wolfstein Castle, now a schloss. Grafenau (west of the Ilz River) successively belonged to different countries, before it was annexed by Bavaria in 1438. Wolfstein became a part of Bavaria two years after the dissolution of the clerical states in Germany (1803).

Geography

Freyung-Grafenau is the easternmost district of Bavaria. It is located in the southern parts of the Bavarian Forest and is partially occupied by the Bavarian Forest National Park. The source of the Ilz River is situated in the district.

Coat of arms

The wolf represents the area of Wolfstein, while the bear stands for Grafenau (as it was ruled from the castle of Bärnstein, and Bär means "bear"). At the bottom sits the blue and white lozengy pattern of Bavaria.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Freyung
  2. Grafenau
  3. Waldkirchen
  1. Eppenschlag
  2. Fürsteneck
  3. Grainet
  4. Haidmühle
  5. Hinterschmiding
  6. Hohenau
  7. Innernzell
  8. Jandelsbrunn
  9. Mauth
  10. Neureichenau
  11. Neuschönau
  1. Perlesreut
  2. Philippsreut
  3. Ringelai
  4. Röhrnbach
  5. Saldenburg
  6. Sankt Oswald-Riedlhütte
  7. Schöfweg
  8. Schönberg
  9. Spiegelau
  10. Thurmansbang
  11. Zenting

References

  1. "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.
  2. F.A. Brockhaus Wiesbaden (1975). Brockhaus Enzyklopädie in zwanzig Bänden: Ergänzungen, A-I (in German) (17 ed.). Wiesbaden. p. 517. ISBN 978-3765300288.

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