French ship Dauphin Royal (1735)

The Dauphin Royal was a 2nd Rank 74-gun ship of the line of the Royal French Royal Navy, designed in 1735 by Blaise Ollivier and constructed in 1735 to 1740 at Brest Dockyard. She and the contemporary Superbe, also built at Brest over the same period, were the last French 74-gun ships to have only thirteen pairs of lower deck guns (subsequent 74-gun French ships all were constructed with a fourteenth pair of lower deck guns). In 1747, she was rebuilt at Brest and reduced to 70 guns by the removal of her poop guns.

History
France
Name: 'Dauphin Royal
Namesake: The Dauphin of France, heir to the French throne
Builder: Brest Dockyard
Laid down: November 1735
Launched: 13 October 1738
Completed: October 1740
Struck: 1783
Fate: Broken up in 1787
General characteristics
Class and type: Second Rank ship of the line
Tonnage: 1,400
Displacement: 2,608
Length: 155 French feet 10 inches[1]
Beam: 42 French feet 4 inches
Draught: 20 French feet 4 inches
Depth of hold: 20½ French feet
Decks: 2 gun decks
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 550, + 6 officers
Armament:
  • 74 guns:
  • Main battery: 26 x 36-pounders on the lower deck
  • Secondary battery: 28 x 18-pounders on the upper deck
  • Forecastle and quarterdeck: 16 x 8-pounders on the quarterdeck and forecastle
  • Poop 4 x 4-pounders on the poop (these were removed in 1751)
Armour: timber

She took part in the Battle of Quiberon Bay on 20 November 1759 under Captain d'Uturbie Fragosse, in the Battle of Ushant, and the Battle of Saint Kitts on 25/26 January 1782.

She was condemned in September 1783 and sold in June 1787 to be broken up.

References

  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 - 1870. p. 223. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.
  • Nomenclature des navires français de 1715 á 1774. Alain Demerliac (Editions Omega, Nice – 1995). ISBN 2-906381-19-5.
  • Winfield, Rif and Roberts, Stephen (2017) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1626-1786: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4738-9351-1.
  1. The French (pre-metric) foot was 6.575% longer than the equivalent British foot.



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