Fremantle railway line
|Fremantle railway line|
|Other name(s)||Fremantle Line|
Cockburn Junction (current)
Kwinana (furthest extent)
|Continues from||Midland line|
|Continues as||Spearwood-Armadale line|
|Ridership||8.2 million (year to June 2015)|
|Opened||1 March 1881|
|Owner||Public Transport Authority: Perth-South Beach|
Arc Infrastructure: South Beach-Cockburn Junction
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)
|Electrification||Overhead 25 kv AC|
The line opened on 1 March 1881 as the first suburban railway line in Perth by William C. F. Robinson. It originally operated as the Eastern Railway and ran between Fremantle and Guildford, via central Perth. In March 1884, the line was extended via Midland Junction to Bellevue and later to Clackline, York and Northam. The line opened as a single track with a passing loop at Claremont, it was duplicated in 1896/97. A dedicated freight line was later added on the western side between Cottesloe and the Leighton Marshalling Yard.
On 22 October 1898, the line was extended south to Robbs Jetty, on 1 July 1903 via Cockburn to Coogee and on 19 December 1955 via Woodman Point to Kwinana The Coogee to Woodman Point section closed on 16 September 1973, followed by Robbs Jetty to Coogee in February 1986.
In the 1960s, as part of the standard gauge project, the section south of Cockburn was replaced by the Kwinana line on a different alignment. One of the lines north of Cockburn to the container terminal at North Quay and Leighton Marshalling Yard was converted to standard gauge. The Fremantle Railway Bridge was converted to dual gauge. A marshalling yard was built at Robbs Jetty.
In 1966, the eastern railway metropolitan passenger services were curtailed to terminate at Midland.
Passenger services on the Fremantle line were suspended on 1 September 1979. The decision was based on three one day counts in 1971, 1975 and 1977. Despite a petition signed by 110,000 people the government was not persuaded to change its mind. The service was reinstated on 29 July 1983 following a change of government.
For the staging of the 1987 America's Cup, stations south of Fremantle were erected for use by special trains at The Esplanade, Success Harbour and South Beach. The Hotham Valley Railway operated a daily service on this section of the line with a W class steam locomotive as the Spinnaker Run between October 1986 and February 1987. The narrow and standard gauge lines were rebuilt as a single dual gauge line at the same time. Having been disused since 1987, the three stations were demolished in September 2018.
During 1990, work commenced on building a new North Fremantle station, 800 metres (870 yd) north of its original location, which opened for service on 28 July 1991. Leighton station, which was 700 metres (770 yd) further north, was demolished during the electrification of the line. Regular electric services started in September 1991. Today there are 17 stations on the line.
As part of the Subi Centro project, 900 metres (980 yd) of the line and Subiaco station were sunk in 1998. Between 2011 and 2014, the Fremantle line was sunk between Lake Street and the Horseshoe Bridge in the Perth CBD to allow for the redevelopment of the area. Perth station's former Fremantle to Midland platform became an island platform, with an additional platform and track built on the north side. Platforms west of the Horseshoe Bridge were demolished. In June 2011 a $237 million cost blow-out was revealed, added to a 2009 project estimate of $500 million.
The new tunnel is the first in Western Australia to use a rigid overhead conductor rail instead of overhead wires, the same system as used on the Madrid Metro. With overhead wires, the clearance between the new tunnel and the existing Joondalup line tunnel is only 75 cm (30 in). By using a conductor rail, the new tunnel could be built to a smaller diameter, allowing for an increased clearance between the two. The new tunnel opened on 18 July 2013.
With the privatisation of Westrail in 2000, responsibility for the Perth to South Beach section has passed to the Public Transport Authority and the South Beach to Cockburn Junction section to Arc Infrastructure, although operational responsibility for the standard gauge line is with Arc Infrastructure.
Transperth operate services on the line from Fremantle through the Perth CBD to Midland on the Midland line. Freight services operate from Kewdale and Forrestfield to North Quay. Until July 2015 these were operated by Aurizon when SCT Logistics took over.
Until the ADG class railcars entered service in 1953, services on the Fremantle line were operated by steam locomotives. Some peak-hour services continued to be steam hauled until the arrival of the ADK/ADB class diesel multiple units in 1968 resulted in the end of steam haulage. When the line was electrified in 1991, A-series electric multiple units took over. B-series electric multiple units have been used irregularly (for example, for special events services to West Leederville). Two three-car B-series trains were introduced on regular weekday peak services from 21 July 2019.
Below is the annual patronage of Fremantle railway line from 2010–2011 financial year. Figures are provided as total boardings, which includes all fare-paying boardings and free travel on stations within the free transit zones as well as transfers between stations. The figures for rail replacement and special events services are not included in the total.
The Fremantle line featured in the 2006 film Last Train to Freo.
Since 21 July 2019, all regular services stop at all stations. One peak service on weekdays operates a short service between Shenton Park and Perth.
|Name of station||Code||Zone||Serving suburbs||Pattern stops at this station||Connections|
||Perth, Northbridge||●||●||Through to Midland line|
Platform transfer to Armadale, Thornlie,
Joondalup & Mandurah lines
Australind service to Bunbury
Bus transfers at Perth Busport
|City West||FCW||1 /
|West Leederville||FWL||1||West Leederville, Subiaco||●||●|
|Subiaco||FSO||1||Subiaco, Wembley||●||●||Bus transfers|
|Shenton Park||FSP||1||Shenton Park||●||●||CircleRoute|
|Karrakatta||FKA||1||Karrakatta, Mount Claremont||●|
|Showgrounds||FSG||1||Claremont Showground||Special events only|
|Grant Street||FGS||2||Cottesloe, Swanbourne||●|
|Cottesloe||FCE||2||Cottesloe, Peppermint Grove||●||Bus transfers|
|Mosman Park||FMP||2||Mosman Park, Cottesloe||●|
|Victoria Street||FVS||2||Mosman Park, Cottesloe||●|
|North Fremantle||FNF||2||North Fremantle||●|
|Fremantle||FFE||2||Fremantle||●||Bus transfers, CircleRoute|
Old stopping patterns
- A - stops at City West, Subiaco and Claremont, then all stations to Fremantle.
- B - stops all stations to Claremont, then express to Fremantle.
- D - (to Perth) all stops from Loch Street to Perth.
- H - (to Fremantle) all stops to Daglish.
- K - all stops except Karrakatta and Swanbourne.
- L - all stops except Loch Street and Grant Street.
- S - (to Perth) all stations from Fremantle to Claremont, then stops at Shenton Park, Subiaco, City West and Perth.
School special services
- E - (to Perth) stops at Fremantle, all stations from Mosman Park to Claremont, then at Shenton Park, West Leederville, City West and Perth.
- P - (to Perth) stops at Fremantle and Perth.
- P - (to Fremantle) departs from Shenton Park, running all stations to Fremantle.
- S - (to Fremantle) stops at Perth, City West, West Leederville, Subiaco, Shenton Park, Claremont, Swanbourne, Cottesloe, and Fremantle.
- Our History Public Transport Authority
- Legislative Council - The Governor's Speech The West Australian 12 July 1884 page 3
- Quinlan, Howard; Newland, John (2000). Australian Railway Routes 1854 - 2000. Redfern: Australian Railway Historical Society. p. 64. ISBN 0 909650 49 7.
- Minchin, RS; Higham, GJ (1981). Robb's Railway Fremantle to Guildford Railway Centenary. Bassendean: Australian Railway Historical Society. pp. 11, 19, 24, 37, 38, 48. ISBN 0 9599690 2 0.
- Robb's Jetty-Woodman's Point Railway Act 1902 Parliament of Western Australia
- Coogee-Kwinana Railway Act 1952 Parliament of Western Australia
- Railway (Coogee-Kwinana Railway) Discontinuance Act 1973 Parliament of Western Australia
- Kwinana-Mundijong-Jarrahdale Railway Act 1961 Parliament of Western Australia
- Nomination of Western Australian Standard Gauge Railway for an Engineering Heritage Australia Heritage Recognition Award Engineers Australia September 2011 pages 10, 15
- A History of the Town of Cottesloe Town of Cottesloe
- A Guide to the 1983 State Cabinet Records State Records Office of Western Australia page 13
- A Descriptive History of Hotham Valley Tourist Railway Hotham Valley Railway
- Fremantle Line Platform Demolitions Public Transport Authority
- Fremantle line platforms removed Railway Digest November 2018 page 27
- "Occasional Notes". The West Australian. 21 October 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- History of Stations on the Fremantle Line Right Track
- Official opening of the Subiaco rail tunnel and station Government of Western Australia 12 December 1998
- "Perth City Link Rail Master Plan - Lowering of the Fremantle Railway in Perth". Public Transport Authority of Western Australia. 30 March 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Prior, Neale (2 June 2011). "City Link in $237m cost blowout". The West Australian. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
- "1ha town square to be built on land when Perth rail goes underground". PerthNow (Sunday Times). 29 November 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
- "WA rail technology first". Public Transport Authority of Western Australia. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- Federal Transport Minister Anthony Albanese highlights urban rail as key election issue ABC News 18 July 2013
- Network Map Brookfield Rail
- Scope of the Network Rules Public Transport Authority
- Trackwork resleepering Public Transport Authority
- Fremantle Line Timetable Transperth 18 July 2013
- Midland Line Timetable Transperth 18 July 2013
- Trainline 2 Statistical Report Bureau of Infrastructure Transport & Regional Economics 2014 page 39
- SCT WA picks up new business with Fremantle Port Rail Service SCT Logistics August 2015
- Transperth. "Train and Bus Network Wide Changes". Government of Western Australia. Archived from the original on 22 July 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
- "Transperth patronage". Public Transport Authority. Retrieved 27 September 2014.