Fred Couples

Frederick Steven Couples (born October 3, 1959) is an American professional golfer who has competed on the PGA Tour and the PGA Tour Champions. A former World No. 1, he has won 64 professional tournaments, most notably the Masters Tournament in 1992,[2] and the Players Championship in 1984 and 1996.[3][4][5]

Fred Couples
Couples in July 2008
Personal information
Full nameFrederick Steven Couples
NicknameBoom Boom
Born (1959-10-03) October 3, 1959
Seattle, Washington
Height5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
Weight185 lb (84 kg; 13.2 st)
Nationality United States
ResidenceNewport Beach, California
SpouseDeborah Couples
(m. 1981–1993)
Thais Baker
(m. 1998–2009)
CollegeUniversity of Houston
Turned professional1980
Current tour(s)PGA Tour Champions (joined 2010)
Former tour(s)PGA Tour (joined 1982)
Professional wins62
Highest ranking1 (March 22, 1992)[1]
(16 weeks)
Number of wins by tour
PGA Tour15
European Tour3
PGA Tour Champions13
Best results in major championships
(wins: 1)
Masters TournamentWon: 1992
PGA Championship2nd: 1990
U.S. OpenT3: 1991
The Open ChampionshipT3: 1991, 2005
Achievements and awards
World Golf Hall of Fame2013 (member page)
PGA Tour
Player of the Year
1991, 1992
PGA Player of the Year1992
Vardon Trophy1991, 1992
Byron Nelson Award1991, 1992
PGA Tour
leading money winner
Byron Nelson Award
(Champions Tour)
2010, 2012, 2013

In August 2011, he won his first senior major at the Senior Players Championship and followed this up in July 2012 when he won the Senior Open Championship. He was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2013.[6] Couples garnered the nickname "Boom Boom" for his long, accurate driving ability off the tee during the prime of his career.

Early years and education

Couples was born in Seattle, Washington, to Tom and Violet (née Sobich) Couples. His paternal grandparents immigrated from Italy and changed the family name from "Coppola" to "Couples" to make it sound less ethnic,[7] and his mother was of Croatian descent.[8][9]

His father was a groundskeeper for the Seattle Parks Department and the family, which included brother Tom Jr. and sister Cindy, lived in a modest house on Beacon Hill near the city's Jefferson Park golf course,[10] where Couples developed his signature loose, rhythmic swing in order to gain enough distance to keep up with the older children. Couples admitted to being self-taught, never taking a lesson and never hiring a swing coach.

Couples attended O'Dea High School in Seattle and graduated in 1977. He accepted a golf scholarship to the University of Houston. As a member of the Houston Cougars men's golf team, he roomed with Blaine McCallister, another future PGA Tour player, and future CBS television broadcaster Jim Nantz.[11]

As a 19-year-old amateur, Couples beat PGA Tour veteran (and fellow Seattle native) Don Bies in a playoff to win the 1978 Washington Open at the Glendale Country Club in Bellevue.[12]

Professional career

PGA Tour

Couples' first PGA Tour victory came at the Kemper Open in 1983 at Congressional Country Club in suburban Washington, D.C.[13] Playing in the final group with Scott Simpson and Chen Tze-chung, the three finished over one hour after the previous group on the course. In spite of rounds of 77, 76, and 77, Couples, Simpson, and Chen finished tied for first along with Gil Morgan and Barry Jaeckel who had finished their rounds several hours earlier. Jaeckel, who spent time in a bar waiting for regulation play to conclude, was eliminated on the first playoff hole after hitting a wild tee shot.[14] On the second hole, Couples scored a birdie to take home the title.[13][15]

In addition to his Kemper Open win, Couples won another fourteen PGA Tour titles. Among them were two Players Championships (1984, 1996) and one major victory, the 1992 Masters Tournament.

Couples was named the PGA Tour Player of the Year twice, in 1991 and 1992. He also won the Vardon Trophy for lowest scoring average in each of those years. He has been named to the United States Ryder Cup team five times, in 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995 and 1997.

In 1992, Couples became the first American player to reach the number one position in the Official World Golf Rankings (since the World Ranking points system debuted in April 1986). He spent 16 weeks at number 1, after one of the hottest ever starts to a season by a PGA Tour player. Beginning with the Nissan Los Angeles Open, where he defeated Davis Love III in a playoff, Couples won two tournaments and finished second in two others in the five weeks leading up to The Masters. At Augusta, Couples carried over his momentum, shooting in the 60s in each of the first three rounds to hold second place heading into Sunday. After a shaky start to his final round that allowed 49-year-old Raymond Floyd to claim the lead, Couples took it back with 18- and 20-foot birdie putts at the 8th and 9th holes, respectively, then saved par on a slick 6-footer at 10. At 12 (perhaps the scariest par-3 in the world), Couples barely cleared Rae's Creek in front of the green. Although his ball rolled back towards the water, it incredibly remained on the bank and he saved par. Sensing that destiny was on his side, Couples held off Floyd the rest of the way, completing Augusta's treacherous back nine with eight pars and one birdie to win his first Major. The win pushed Couples past the $1 million mark in earnings on the season as well, by far the fastest any player had reached that plateau.

Couples is sometimes called "Mr. Skins" because of his dominance in the Skins Game. He has won the event five times (in 1995, 1996, 1999, 2003, and 2004), accumulating over $3.5 million and 77 skins in 11 appearances. Because of his dominance at the Skins and other off-season events like the Johnnie Walker World Golf Championship, Couples is also known as the "King of the Silly Season," referring to the exotic made-for-TV events staged in the winter that are better known as the "silly season." Couples was frequently accused of "choking" in his early career, with mistakes in the 1989 Ryder Cup and the 1990 PGA Championship at Shoal Creek Golf and Country Club often mentioned.

Couples has nine top-10 finishes in the Open Championship, including tying for third in 1991 at Royal Birkdale, shooting a last round 64, and again tying for third in 2005 at St Andrews. In addition to his The Open Championship success Couples played well in many other international tournaments. He won two prestigious European Tour events, the Dubai Desert Classic and the Johnnie Walker Classic, in back-to-back weeks in 1995. He also finished runner-up in three European Tour events in his career: the 1989 BMW International Open, the 1994 Johnnie Walker Classic, and the 1997 Heineken Classic. He also finished runner-up on the Australasian Tour's 1988 Johnnie Walker Australian Classic, Japan Golf Tour's prestigious 1993 Dunlop Phoenix Tournament, and the Asian Tour's 2005 SK Telecom Open.

Since March 1994,[16] back injuries have affected Couples' career.[17] His swing features an extreme shoulder turn at the top, which, combined with the fact that he keeps his left foot flat on the ground throughout the backswing, puts a lot of pressure on his lower back. However, with an abbreviated schedule, Couples is still one of the best players on Tour. In 2003, at age 44, Couples finished 34th on the PGA Tour money list. That year he also won the Shell Houston Open, his first win in five years; Couples wept with joy after the win, but quickly explained the tears, saying: "I'm always emotional when nice things happen to nice people."

In April 2006, Couples challenged at Augusta, making a Sunday run at what would have been his second green jacket before finally losing to eventual winner Phil Mickelson, with whom he was paired in the final round. Had Couples won, he would have been the oldest player ever to win the Masters at age 46 years, 188 days—supplanting Jack Nicklaus, who, coincidentally, won his final Masters 20 years earlier and also at the age of 46. His competitiveness in the tournament was an encouraging sign for his career. "I didn't hit the ball like I was 46," Couples said.

Couples' part in the USA 1993 Dunhill Cup win included victory in all five of his matches, and his overall record reads: played 16, won 12, lost 4. In 2004, Couples won the Dunhill Links Championship Team Event at St Andrews, partnered by New Zealand amateur Craig Heatley.

In 2005 Couples sank a crucial putt in the Presidents Cup, securing an unlikely 1-up victory over the International team's best player, Vijay Singh. This match proved to be pivotal in the contest. Couples has now played Singh three times in Presidents Cup match play, and has yet to lose.

Couples was sidelined for virtually the entire 2007 season because of health problems. However, he did compete in the 2007 Masters, making the cut for the 23rd consecutive time, tying the record held by Gary Player. Couples missed the cut in 2008 and 2009.

In 2009, Couples limited his play but performed impressively at the Northern Trust Open. If it wasn't for Phil Mickelson shooting a 62 on that Saturday, Couples may have won instead of finishing third. He nearly won the Shell Houston Open but bogeyed the last three holes and finished third behind Paul Casey. He also played well at the HP Byron Nelson Championship (T8) and the AT&T National (T11) tournaments. He hurt his back practicing for the RBC Canadian Open and had to withdraw. But he rested and recovered and made the cut for the PGA Championship (T36) and performed successfully in the Wyndham Championship (T5) which put him past the $1 million mark on the money list for the 7th time in his career.

Couples was named as Presidents Cup captain for the 2009 United States team on February 26, 2008, and led the U.S. team to a decisive victory nineteen months later.

Couples and Jason Dufner were the 36-hole co-leaders at the Masters in 2012; at age 52, he was looking to become the oldest to win a major. He dropped back with 75 in the third round and finished tied for twelfth.

He is one of the few professional golfers who never plays with a glove.

PGA Tour Champions

Couples made his debut on the Champions Tour at the opening event of the 2010 season, the Mitsubishi Electric Championship in Hawaii.[18] He nearly won the tournament, finishing second to Tom Watson. Despite the loss, Couples stated, "I had a wonderful time. I think I was 21 under par and didn't win a tournament. That hasn't happened too many times." Had he won, he would have become the 16th player to win his Champions Tour debut. He won his next three starts, The ACE Group Classic, the Toshiba Classic and the Cap Cana Championship, becoming the first player in Champions Tour history to win three of his first four career events. Couples made another run at the 2010 Masters Tournament but finished 6th. It was his 26th top ten finish in a major tournament.

He finished second in the 2010 Senior PGA Championship. Later in the same year he finished runner-up to Bernhard Langer in the U.S. Senior Open. Couples had a one shot lead after 55 holes, but disaster struck on the par 5 2nd hole. He decided to lay up rather than going for the green. His lay up shot was effective, but his 3rd shot landed in the water. After dropping 4, his 5th shot was driven over the green. He finished the hole with a triple bogey; his one shot lead became a 3 shot deficit. He played solidly for the rest of the round, but could not catch up to Langer.

Couples earned a 4th win at the Administaff Small Business Classic. On Sunday, he was grouped with Corey Pavin and Mark Wiebe and soared past them and the rest of the field shooting a 9 under 63, with 29 on the back nine. Couples won the Champions Tour Rookie of the Year award in 2010.

Couples was sidelined once again for most of the 2011 season because of his stubborn back problems. But after receiving treatment in Germany, he was able to come back. He won his first major tournament on the senior circuit by defeating John Cook, on the third hole of a sudden death play-off, capturing the Senior Players Championship.

In July 2012, Couples won his second senior major championship when he won The Senior Open Championship at Turnberry. He came from a stroke back to win by two over Gary Hallberg. He made a 25-foot putt for birdie on the last hole to hold off Hallberg, for a round of three under 68 on Sunday. This was his eighth victory in total on the Champions Tour.

In 2016, Couples was forced to forgo the Masters Tournament for the first time since 1994, citing ongoing back problems, which have plagued him throughout his career.[19]

Other ventures

Couples co-designs golf courses with his design partner, Gene D. Bates. This venture, beginning in 1992 has resulted in the formation of Couples Bates Golf Design firm (Now Bates Golf Design Group), and over 20 award-winning championship golf courses worldwide.[20]

Couples currently takes the supplement Anatabloc and is a brand ambassador for the anti-inflammatory neutraceutical containing anatabine. He wears the brand logo on his left arm of his golf shirts.

Couples has lent his name to two video games: Fred Couples Golf for the Game Gear, and Golf Magazine: 36 Great Holes Starring Fred Couples for the 32X, both published by Sega in 1994.

Personal life

Couples' marriage to his first wife Deborah ended in 1992. They had met as students at the University of Houston in 1979.[11][21] The divorce was finalized in 1993, and she later jumped to her death in May 2001. The Los Angeles City coroner's office ruled it a suicide.[22] Couples' estranged second wife, Thais Baker, died from breast cancer on February 17, 2009. They had married in 1998 and the union was childless.

Couples currently resides in Newport Beach, California.

Couples, a self-proclaimed "Sports Junkie," is a member of the Seattle Seahawks 12th Man. He raised the 12th Man flag prior to the Seahawks Monday Night Football game against the New Orleans Saints on December 2, 2013.[23]

Couples is good friends with Michael Jordan and named him one of his assistant coaches when he coached the President's Cup in 2011.


  • Inducted into the National Italian-American Sports Hall of Fame in 2007.
  • Inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in May 2013.

Professional wins (62)

PGA Tour wins (15)

Major championships (1)
Players Championships (2)
Other PGA Tour (12)
No. Date Tournament Winning score To par Margin
of victory
1 Jun 5, 1983 Kemper Open 71-71-68-77=287 −1 Playoff Chen Tze-chung, Barry Jaeckel,
Gil Morgan, Scott Simpson
2 Apr 1, 1984 Tournament Players Championship 71-64-71-71=277 −11 1 stroke Lee Trevino
3 May 10, 1987 Byron Nelson Golf Classic 65-67-64-70=266 −14 Playoff Mark Calcavecchia
4 Feb 25, 1990 Nissan Los Angeles Open 68-67-62-69=266 −18 3 strokes Gil Morgan
5 Jun 30, 1991 Federal Express St. Jude Classic 68-67-66-68=269 −15 3 strokes Rick Fehr
6 Sep 22, 1991 B.C. Open 66-67-68-68=269 −15 3 strokes Peter Jacobsen
7 Mar 1, 1992 Nissan Los Angeles Open (2) 68-67-64-70=269 −15 Playoff Davis Love III
8 Mar 22, 1992 Nestle Invitational 67-69-63-70=269 −19 9 strokes Gene Sauers
9 Apr 12, 1992 Masters Tournament 69-67-69-70=275 −13 2 strokes Raymond Floyd
10 Mar 14, 1993 Honda Classic* 64-73-70=207 −9 Playoff Robert Gamez
11 Aug 7, 1994 Buick Open 72-65-65-68=270 −18 2 strokes Corey Pavin
12 Mar 31, 1996 The Players Championship (2) 66-72-68-64=270 −18 4 strokes Colin Montgomerie, Tommy Tolles
13 Jan 18, 1998 Bob Hope Chrysler Classic 64-70-66-66-66=332 −28 Playoff Bruce Lietzke
14 May 31, 1998 Memorial Tournament 68-67-67-69=271 −17 4 strokes Andrew Magee
15 Apr 27, 2003 Shell Houston Open 65-68-67-67=267 −21 4 strokes Stuart Appleby, Mark Calcavecchia,
Hank Kuehne

* Note: The 1993 Honda Classic was shortened to 54 holes due to inclement weather.

PGA Tour playoff record (5–4)

1 1983 Kemper Open Chen Tze-chung, Barry Jaeckel,
Gil Morgan, Scott Simpson
Won with birdie on second extra hole
Jaeckel eliminated with par on first hole
2 1986 Western Open David Frost, Tom Kite, Nick Price Kite won with birdie on first extra hole
3 1987 Byron Nelson Golf Classic Mark Calcavecchia Won with par on third extra hole
4 1988 Phoenix Open Sandy Lyle Lost to bogey on third extra hole
5 1992 Nissan Los Angeles Open Davis Love III Won with birdie on second extra hole
6 1992 Honda Classic Corey Pavin Lost to birdie on second extra hole
7 1993 Honda Classic Robert Gamez Won with par on second extra hole
8 1994 Mercedes Championship Phil Mickelson Lost to par on second extra hole
9 1998 Bob Hope Chrysler Classic Bruce Lietzke Won with birdie on first extra hole

European Tour wins (3)

Major championships (1)
Other European Tour (2)
No. Date Tournament Winning score To par Margin
of victory
1 Apr 12, 1992 Masters Tournament 69-67-69-70=275 −13 2 strokes Raymond Floyd
2 Jan 22, 1995 Dubai Desert Classic 65-69-68-66=268 −20 3 strokes Colin Montgomerie
3 Jan 29, 1995 Johnnie Walker Classic 72-67-67-71=277 −11 2 strokes Nick Price

Other wins (32)

PGA Tour Champions wins (13)

Senior major championships (2)
Other PGA Tour Champions (11)
No.DateTournamentWinning scoreTo parMargin
of victory
1 Feb 14, 2010 The ACE Group Classic 68-67-64=199 −17 1 stroke Tommy Armour III
2 Mar 7, 2010 Toshiba Classic 66-64-65=195 −18 4 strokes Ronnie Black
3 Mar 28, 2010 Cap Cana Championship 67-66-62=195 −21 2 strokes Corey Pavin
4 Oct 24, 2010 Administaff Small Business Classic 71-65-63=199 −17 7 strokes Mark Wiebe
5 Aug 20, 2011 Senior Players Championship 68-66-68-71=273 −11 Playoff John Cook
6 Oct 16, 2011 AT&T Championship 65-62-66=193 −23 7 strokes Mark Calcavecchia
7 Mar 25, 2012 Mississippi Gulf Resort Classic 63-70-69=202 −14 1 stroke Michael Allen
8 Jul 29, 2012 The Senior Open Championship 72-68-64-67=271 −9 2 strokes Gary Hallberg
9 Nov 3, 2013 Charles Schwab Cup Championship 65-65-68-69=267 −17 6 strokes Bernhard Langer, Mark O'Meara,
Peter Senior
10 Mar 16, 2014 Toshiba Classic (2) 65-67-66=198 −15 1 stroke Bernhard Langer, Colin Montgomerie,
Steve Pate
11 Aug 31, 2014 Shaw Charity Classic 68-66-61=195 −15 Playoff Billy Andrade
12 Feb 19, 2017 Chubb Classic (2) 68-65-67=200 −16 3 strokes Miguel Ángel Jiménez
13 Jun 25, 2017 American Family Insurance Championship 67-68-66=201 −15 2 strokes Scott Verplank

Champions Tour playoff record (2–1)

1 2010 Senior PGA Championship David Frost, Tom Lehman Lehman won with par on first extra hole
2 2011 Senior Players Championship John Cook Won with birdie on third extra hole
3 2014 Shaw Charity Classic Billy Andrade Won with birdie on first extra hole

Major championships

Wins (1)

YearChampionship54 holesWinning scoreMargin
of victory
1992Masters Tournament1 shot deficit−13 (69-67-69-70=275)2 strokes Raymond Floyd

Results timeline

Tournament 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Masters Tournament T32 10 T10 T31 T5 T11
U.S. Open T48 LA CUT CUT T9 T39 T46 T10 T21
The Open Championship T4 T46 T40 T4 T6
PGA Championship T3 T23 T20 T6 T36 CUT CUT CUT
Tournament 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Masters Tournament 5 T35 1 T21 T10 T15 T7 T2 T27
U.S. Open CUT T3 T17 T16 T16 CUT T52 T53 CUT
The Open Championship T25 T3 CUT T9 T7 T7 T66
PGA Championship 2 T27 T21 T31 T39 T31 T41 T29 T13 T26
Tournament 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Masters Tournament T11 26 T36 T28 T6 T39 T3 T30 CUT CUT
U.S. Open T16 CUT T66 CUT T15 T48
The Open Championship 6 CUT T46 T3 CUT
PGA Championship CUT T37 T34 T70 CUT CUT T36
Masters Tournament 6 T15 T12 T13 T20 CUT T18 T38
U.S. Open
The Open Championship T32
PGA Championship
Tournament 2019
Masters Tournament CUT
PGA Championship
U.S. Open
The Open Championship
  Top 10
  Did not play

LA = Low amateur
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place


TournamentWins2nd3rdTop-5Top-10Top-25EventsCuts made
Masters Tournament111511203430
PGA Championship0112372519
U.S. Open0011392316
The Open Championship00249101815
  • Most consecutive cuts made – 13 (twice)
  • Longest streak of top-10s – 3 (twice)

The Players Championship

Wins (2)

YearChampionship54 holesWinning scoreMarginRunner(s)-up
1984Tournament Players Championship2 shot lead−11 (71-64-71-71=277)1 stroke Lee Trevino
1996The Players Championship4 shot deficit−18 (66-72-68-64=270)4 strokes Colin Montgomerie, Tommy Tolles

Results timeline

Tournament 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
The Players Championship CUT CUT 1 T49 CUT CUT T23 T4 CUT T23 T13 T39 T29 1 T10 T42 T4
Tournament 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
The Players Championship T33 T58 CUT 10 CUT CUT 35 T15 CUT
  Top 10
  Did not play

CUT = missed the halfway cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place.

Senior major championships

Wins (2)

YearChampionship54 holesWinning scoreMargin
of victory
2011Senior Players Championship1 shot lead−11 (68-66-68-71=273)Playoff 1 John Cook
2012The Senior Open Championship1 shot deficit−9 (72-68-64-67=271)2 strokes Gary Hallberg

1 Defeated John Cook in sudden-death playoff with birdie on the third extra hole.

Senior results timeline

Results not in chronological order before 2017.

The Tradition T63 4 2 DQ
Senior PGA Championship T2 T12
U.S. Senior Open 2 T12 T14 T4 T44
Senior Players Championship WD 1 T4 T2 T22
The Senior Open Championship 1 T21 T13 T5 T3 T21 T60
  Top 10
  Did not play

DQ = disqualified
WD = withdrew
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place

U.S. national team appearances

See also


  1. "Week 12 1992 Ending 22 Mar 1992" (pdf). OWGR. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  2. Reilly, Rick (April 20, 1992). "Bank shot". Sports Illustrated: 18.
  3. Jenkins, Dan (April 9, 1984). "Gone, even with the wind". Sports Illustrated. p. 53.
  4. Reilly, Rick (April 8, 1996). "As easy as T-P-C". Sports Illustrated. p. 50.
  5. "Past Winners & Results". Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  6. "Couples to be inducted into World Golf Hall of Fame". World Golf Hall of Fame. September 19, 2012. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  7. Kugiya, Hugo (July 20, 1997). "The Couples Conundrum – Now In His 17th Year As A Pro, Fred Couples Returns Home For A Tournament, Seemingly Comfortable Finishing In The Middle Of The Pack". The Seattle Times. pp. 12–19. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  8. "Fred Couples profile". Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  9. "35 Pacific Northwest Croatian Athletes". Croatian Chronicle Network. February 7, 2011. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  10. Kugiya, Hugo (July 20, 1997). "The Couples Conundrum". Seattle Times. (Pacific Magazine). p. 12. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
  11. Diaz, Jaime (January 7, 1985). "Sneaking up on stardom". Sports Illustrated: 44.
  12. Peoples, John (July 28, 1994). "Remembering His Golfing Roots". Seattle Times.
  13. "Couples survives five-way playoff". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). (Washington Post). June 6, 1983. p. 2D.
  14. "Kemper Open replay unlikely". The Courier. (Prescott, Arizona). UPI. May 31, 1984. p. 13B. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  15. "Couples claims Kemper in sudden death". The Ledger. (Lakeland, Florida). Associated Press. June 6, 1983. p. 3D.
  16. "A solitary golfer wins Doral Open". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. March 7, 1994. p. 6B.
  17. Shipnuck, Alan (January 26, 1998). "A hit at the Hope". Sports Illustrated. p. G2.
  18. "Couples, Pavin set for official Champions Tour debut". Champions Tour. January 8, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  19. Inglis, Martin (April 4, 2016). "Fred Couples OUT of Augusta action". bunkered.
  20. "Bates Golf Group". Bates Golf Design Group. June 19, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
  21. Reilly, Rick (March 16, 1992). "King of swing". Sports Illustrated: 50.
  22. Van Sickle, Gary (June 11, 2001). "Notebook: Deborah Couples's Suicide – Unhappy Ending". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
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