Frederick Michael Chaney, AO (born 28 October 1941) is a former Australian politician who was deputy leader of the Liberal Party from 1989 to 1990 and served as a minister in the Fraser Government. He was a Senator for Western Australia from 1974 to 1990, and then served a single term in the House of Representatives from 1990 to 1993.
Chaney in 2014
|Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party|
9 May 1989 – 3 April 1990
|Preceded by||Andrew Peacock|
|Succeeded by||Peter Reith|
|Senator for Western Australia|
18 May 1974 – 27 February 1990
|Succeeded by||Ian Campbell|
|Member of the Australian Parliament|
24 March 1990 – 8 February 1993
|Preceded by||New division|
|Succeeded by||Judi Moylan|
|Born||28 October 1941|
Perth, Western Australia
|Political party||Liberal (to 1995)|
|Relations||Fred Chaney Sr. (father)|
Michael Chaney (brother)
John Chaney (brother)
|Alma mater||University of Western Australia|
Chaney was born in Perth, the son of Sir Frederick Chaney. He was a lawyer before entering politics, graduating from the University of Western Australia. Chaney was elected to the Senate at the 1974 federal election. He held several portfolios in the Fraser Government, serving in the ministry from 1978 until the government's defeat at the 1983 election. From 1983 to 1990, Chaney served as Leader of the Opposition in the Senate. He was elected deputy leader of the Liberal Party in 1989, under Andrew Peacock, but served less than a year before being replaced by Peter Reith. Chaney transferred to the House of Representatives at the 1990 election, but served only a single term. After leaving politics he focused on indigenous policy matters, serving on the National Native Title Tribunal (1994–2007), as co-chair of Reconciliation Australia (2000–2005), and as co-founder and Vice-President of The Graham (Polly) Farmer Foundation(1995-current).
Chaney was born in Perth, Western Australia, the son of Sir Frederick Chaney (a minister in the Menzies Government). His six siblings include businessman Michael Chaney and judge John Chaney. Chaney attended Aquinas College, Perth, and then went on to the University of Western Australia. He practised law and was admitted as a barrister and solicitor in Western Australia in 1963. He spent two years practising in the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. Chaney helped found the Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia in 1973,
Chaney first attempted to enter politics at the 1971 Ascot by-election, running for the state Legislative Assembly. He was elected to federal parliament as a Senator for Western Australia for the Liberal Party at the 1974 election. He was Leader of the Opposition in the Senate from 1983 until 1990 when he became the first member for the Division of Pearce in the House of Representatives, a position he held until 1993. Although still a Senator at the time, Chaney was named deputy leader of the Liberal Party in May 1989. He retained this post until April 1990, two months after transferring to the lower house.
He was elected Deputy Leader as part of the successful coup that saw Andrew Peacock overthrowing John Howard. This was seen as a betrayal by Howard as he and Chaney had been close friends prior to the coup.
Chaney was Minister for Administrative Services from August to December 1978, Minister for Aboriginal Affairs from December 1978 until November 1980 and Minister for Social Security from November 1980 until the defeat of the Fraser Government at the 1983 election. He was also Minister Assisting the Minister for Education from August 1978 to December 1979 and Minister Assisting the Minister for National Development and Energy from December 1979 to November 1980.
When Chaney retired in 1993, John Hewson had unexpectedly led the Coalition to defeat at that year's election and there is a perception that Chaney could have succeeded him as Liberal leader if he hadn't decided to retire.
Chaney was appointed to the National Native Title Tribunal in 1994, initially on a part-time basis. He became a full-time member in 1995 and deputy president in 2000, retiring in 2007. He was also chancellor of Murdoch University from 1995 to 2002, and co-chair of Reconciliation Australia from 2000 to 2005. Chaney left the Liberal Party in 1995, believing that his work "required engagements across party lines and without political involvement".
Chaney was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) in 1997 "for service to the Parliament of Australia and to the Aboriginal community through his contribution to the establishment of the Aboriginal Legal Service of Western Australia and mediating with the National Native Title Tribunal". On 25 January 2014, Prime Minister Tony Abbott announced Chaney as the 2014 Senior Australian of the Year.
- "Hon Fred Chaney AO - The Graham (Polly) Farmer Foundation". The Graham (Polly) Farmer Foundation. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- Chaney Profile at H. R. Nicholls Society
- Murdoch University Honorary Degree citation
- "Biography for Chaney, the Hon. Frederick Michael". ParlInfo Web. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 9 January 2008.
- Senate Biography
- "Chaney, Frederick Michael". It's an Honour. Government of Australia. Retrieved 9 January 2008.
- "Senior Australian of the Year 2014". Australian of the Year Honours. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
|Parliament of Australia|
|New division|| Member for Pearce
| Minister for Administrative Services
| Minister for Aboriginal Affairs
| Minister for Social Security
|Party political offices|
| Leader of the Liberal Party in the Senate
| Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party of Australia