Francis Wemyss Charteris (21 October 1723 – 24 August 1808) was a Scottish landowner who claimed to be 7th Earl of Wemyss.
Charteris was the second son of James Wemyss, 5th Earl of Wemyss and his wife Janet, daughter of the very wealthy Colonel Francis Charteris. He was born with the name Francis Wemyss but on 24 February 1732, he legally changed it to Francis Wemyss Charteris, adopting his mother's maiden name on the inheritance of the estates of his maternal grandfather Colonel Charteris. In a Haddingtonshire Sasine registered on 8 August 1792, No.576, Francis Charteris, Earl of Wemyss was seised in the barony of Newmilns, or Amisfield, Haddingtonshire, plus half of the barony of Morham and its lands, plus the grain mill of the monastery of Haddington called Abbey Mill.
His elder brother David, Lord Elcho, was implicated in the Jacobite rising of 1745, and was attainted in 1746. He died childless in 1787 and Charteris would have succeeded as seventh Earl but for the attainder. However, he still assumed the title.
On 12 September 1745, he married Lady Katherine Gordon, daughter of the 2nd Duke of Gordon. They had five children:
- Frances Charteris (died 1848) who married Rev William Trail
- Francis Wemyss Charteris, styled Lord Elcho (1749–1808)
- Helen Charteris
- Walpole Charteris
- Anne Charteris
Charteris died in August 1808, aged 84 and is buried in the Wemyss Mausoleum near Gosford House, the estate he had acquired in 1781 or 1784 (depending on the source). The Earl is the only member of the family to be buried within the mausoleum. His grandson Francis obtained a reversal of the attainder in 1826 and became the eighth Earl of Wemyss.
| Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Earl of Wemyss
- Wemyss Mausoleum
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 517..