Francis Rowland Scarlett

Air Vice Marshal Francis Rowland Scarlett, CB, DSO (18 May 1875 – 15 April 1934) was a senior Royal Air Force commander.

Francis Rowland Scarlett
Air Commodore Francis Scarlett c.1919–24
Born(1875-05-18)18 May 1875
Died15 April 1934(1934-04-15) (aged 58)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchRoyal Navy (1889–1918)
Royal Air Force (1918–31)
Years of service1889–1931
RankAir Vice Marshal
Commands heldRAF Middle East (1929–31)
Fighting Area (1929)
Air Defence of Great Britain (1928–29)
Coastal Area (1924–28)
RAF Halton (1919–24)
No. 1 School of Technical Training (1919–24)
No. 12 Group (1919)
RNAS Eastern Mediterranean (1916–17)
Battles/warsFirst World War
AwardsCompanion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches
Commander of the Order of the Redeemer (Greece)

Early and family life

Francis Rowland Scarlett was born on 18 May 1875, the son of Lieutenant Colonel William James Scarlett. At the age of 29 he married Dora Blakiston-Houston, the daughter of John Blakiston-Houston,[1] an Irish Unionist Party politician. He was the father of Air Vice Marshal James Rowland Scarlett-Streatfeild who was killed serving in the Second World War.

Military career

Scarlett joined the Royal Navy in (or around) 1891, and held the rank of lieutenant when in July 1902 he was posted as 1st lieutenant on the training ship HMS Caledonia, anchored at the Firth of Forth.[2] In April 1913 he attended the Central Flying School, being awarded his Aviator's Certificate no. 468 on 4 April 1913.[3] He served in the First World War as the Inspecting Captain of Aircraft, of Air Stations and then of Air Training, gaining a promotion to wing captain at the close of 1915.[3] In February 1916 he became Commander of all Royal Naval Air Service units in the Eastern Mediterranean and in May 1919 he was given command of No. 12 Group.[3] He was created a Commander of the Greek Order of the Redeemer.[4]

In December 1919 became was made Officer Commanding the No. 1 School of Technical Training at RAF Halton and on 22 January 1920, he was awarded a permanent commission in the RAF.[3] He went on to be Air Officer Commanding Coastal Area in 1924, Air Officer Commanding Air Defence of Great Britain (on a temporary basis) in 1928 and Air Officer Commanding Fighting Area in January 1929.[3] His last appointment was as Air Officer Commanding Middle East Command in October 1929 before he retired in the rank of air vice marshal in December 1931.[3]


  1. The
  2. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36810). London. 3 July 1902. p. 8.
  3. Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation – Air Vice-Marshal F R Scarlett
  4. Smith, Gordon (29 December 2010). "FOREIGN DECORATIONS AWARDED TO ROYAL NAVY, London Gazette editions January 1918 – December 1920". Naval-History.Net. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
Military offices
New title Inspecting Captain of Air Training
Succeeded by
Harold Briggs
Preceded by
Frederick Sykes
Officer Commanding RNAS Eastern Mediterranean
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Harold Briggs
General Officer Commanding No. 12 Group
Title next held by
John Tyssen
In 1937
Preceded by
New creation
Commandant, No. 1 School of Technical Training
Succeeded by
Charles Lambe
Preceded by
Vyell Vyvyan
Air Officer Commanding Coastal Area
Succeeded by
Charles Lambe
Preceded by
Sir John Salmond
Commander-in-Chief Air Defence of Great Britain
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Ellington
Preceded by
Tom Webb-Bowen
Air Officer Commanding RAF Middle East
Succeeded by
Cyril Newall
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