Francis Dyke Acland
Sir Francis Dyke Acland, 14th Baronet, British Liberal politician. He notably served as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under Sir Edward Grey between 1911 and 1915. Ideologically, he was an adherent of the "New Liberalism" within the Liberal Party.(7 March 1874 – 9 June 1939) was a
Sir Francis Dyke Acland
|Under-Secretary of State |
for Foreign Affairs
23 October 1911 – 4 February 1915
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||Thomas McKinnon Wood|
|Succeeded by||Neil James Archibald Primrose|
|Financial Secretary to the Treasury|
3 February 1915 – 25 May 1915
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu|
|Succeeded by||Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu|
|Born||7 March 1874|
|Died||9 June 1939 65)(aged|
|Spouse(s)||1 Eleanor Cropper |
(2) Constance Dudley
|Alma mater||Balliol College, Oxford|
Background and education
Acland was the son of Sir Arthur Dyke Acland, 13th Baronet, and Alice Sophia Cunningham, daughter of Reverend Francis Macaulay Cunningham. He was educated at Rugby and Balliol College, Oxford. He worked as a junior examiner in the education department in South Kensington from 1900 to 1903, and as assistant director for secondary education in the West Riding of Yorkshire in 1903.
Acland was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Richmond, Yorkshire, in 1906, a seat he held until 1910, and later represented Camborne from 1910 to 1922, Tiverton from 1923 to 1924 and North Cornwall from 1932 to 1939. He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Richard Haldane, the Secretary of State for War, from 1906 to 1908. He held government office in the Liberal Ministry of H. H. Asquith firstly as Financial Secretary to the War Office from 1908 to 1910. In 1911 he was promoted to Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to work closely under Sir Edward Grey. He remained in this position throughout the buildup of tensions in Europe which led to the outbreak of war. In February 1915 he was moved to the post of Financial Secretary to the Treasury before being moved again in June 1915 to Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries. When Asquith formed his Coalition Government in 1916 Acland was left out of office to accommodate Unionist nominees. In 1915 he was sworn of the Privy Council.
In 1917 he was appointed Chairman of the Departmental Committee "to inquire into the extent and gravity of the evils of dental practice by persons not qualified under the Dentists Act ." Based on the recommendations of this committee a bill was introduced into parliament which eventually became the Dentists Act 1921 which established the Dental Board of the United Kingdom. Acland was appointed its first chairman – a position he held until his death.
Acland also was influential in setting up the Forestry Commission and served as a commissioner until his death, a Deputy Lieutenant of Devon and a Justice of the Peace for Devon and the North Riding of Yorkshire. In 1926 he succeeded his father as fourteenth Baronet.
Acland married firstly Eleanor Margaret Cropper, daughter of Charles James Cropper, in 1895. They had three sons and one daughter. After Eleanor's death in December 1933 he married secondly Constance, daughter of George Dudley, in 1937. Acland died in June 1939, aged 65, and was succeeded by his eldest son from his first marriage, Richard. Lady Dyke Acland died in October 1940. His second son, Geoffrey Acland, became a leading figure in the Liberal Party. His great-grandson, Chris Acland became the drummer for shoegaze band Lush.
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- Who's Who in Devonshire. Hereford: Wilson & Phillips. 1934. p. 6.
- "The House of Commons Constituencies beginning with "R"". Leigh Rayment's peerage page. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
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- "No. 29197". The London Gazette. 18 June 1915. p. 5863.
- "British Dental Journal 1939; 67 (1): 38–9. Obituary. Sir Francis Dyke Acland". Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- "Society's and other news". Forestry. 13 (2): 156–158. 1939. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- The Times House of Commons (1959), p.171
- Brian Rust: "Discography of historical records on cylinders and 78s", Greenwood Press, London 1979
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir Francis Dyke Acland