Francesco IV Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua

Francesco IV Gonzaga (7 May 1586 – 22 December 1612), was Duke of Mantua and (as Francesco II) Duke of Montferrat between 9 February and 22 December 1612.

Francesco IV Gonzaga
Francesco IV Gonzaga
Duke of Mantua and Montferrat
Reign1612
PredecessorVincenzo I Gonzaga
SuccessorFerdinando Gonzaga
Born(1586-05-07)7 May 1586
Mantua
Died22 December 1612(1612-12-22) (aged 26)
Mantua
Noble familyGonzaga
Spouse(s)
Issue
FatherVincenzo I Gonzaga
MotherEleonora de' Medici

Biography

Born in Mantua, he was the eldest son of Duke Vincenzo I and Eleonora de' Medici.

In 1607, Claudio Monteverdi dedicated his opera L'Orfeo to Francesco. The title page of the opera bears the dedication "Al serenissimo signor D. Francesco Gonzaga, Prencipe di Mantoua, & di Monferato, &c."

Francesco became Duke upon his father's death on 9 February 1612. He died at Mantua on 22 December 1612 without male heirs. He was succeeded by his brother Ferdinand; however, Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, the father of Francesco's wife Margaret of Savoy, disputed this, leading to the War of the Montferrat Succession (1613–1617).

Family

On 19 February 1608 he married in Turin, Margaret of Savoy (1589–1655), daughter of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy. They had three children (one son and two daughters), only one of whom survived into adulthood:

  • Maria (29 July 1609 – 14 August 1660); married in 1627 Charles II of Gonzaga, Duke of Rethel end Nevers.
  • Ludovico (27 April 1611 – 3 August 1612).
  • Eleanore (12 September 1612 – 13 September 1612).

Honours

Ancestry

Francesco IV Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua
Born: 7 May 1586 Died: 22 December 1612
Preceded by
Vincenzo I
Duke of Mantua
1612
Succeeded by
Ferdinando
Duke of Montferrat
1612
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