W & G Foyle Ltd. (usually called simply Foyles) is a bookseller with a chain of seven stores in England. It is best known for its flagship store in Charing Cross Road, London. Foyles was once listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's largest bookshop in terms of shelf length, at 30 miles (48 km), and for number of titles on display. It was bought by Waterstones in 2018.
The flagship Foyles store at 107 Charing Cross Road, London
|Founder||William Foyle, Gilbert Foyle|
|Headquarters||107 Charing Cross Road, London|
|William & Gilbert Foyle (founders)|
Christina Foyle (1945–99)
Christopher Foyle (1999– )
|Owner||Christopher Foyle (1999–2018) Waterstones (2018– )|
Foyles was famed in the past for its anachronistic, eccentric and sometimes infuriating business practices; so much so that it became a tourist attraction. It has since modernised, and has opened several branches and an online store.
Founding and early branches
Brothers William and Gilbert Foyle founded the business in 1903. After failing entrance exams for the civil service, the brothers offered their redundant textbooks for sale and were inundated by offers. This inspired them to launch a second-hand book business from home. Flushed with success, they opened a small shop on Station Parade in Queen's Road, Peckham, where they painted "With all Faith" in gilt letters above the door.
The brothers opened their first West End shop in 1904, at 16 Cecil Court. A year later they hired their first member of staff, who promptly disappeared with the weekly takings. By 1906, their shop was at 135 Charing Cross Road and they were described as London's largest educational booksellers.
By 1910, Foyles had added four suburban branches: at Harringay, Shepherd's Bush, Kilburn and Brixton.
Not long afterward, the brothers moved their central London store to 119 Charing Cross Road, the Foyles Building, where it remained until 2014. They acquired adjacent buildings at 1–7 Manette Street including the site of the Old Goldbeater's House. For a time the store included premises at 121–125 Charing Cross Road, on the north side of the junction with Manette Street.
In this period Foyles, like many booksellers, used to stick a small permanent label advertising themselves on every book they sold. According to one such label, at some time Foyles had a branch in South Africa, at 12–14 Church Street, Cape Town.
Christina Foyle's era
Christina Foyle, daughter of co-founder William, initiated literary luncheons at the Charing Cross Road premises in October 1930; these continue to the present day. In the first 80 years 700 luncheons were held, hosting more than 1,000 authors and 500,000 guests. Speakers and guests of honour at these luncheons have included great literary figures, and celebrities from the world of politics, the media, the military and the theatre. Most British Prime Ministers since the Second World War have attended, as have The Duke of Edinburgh, General Charles de Gaulle, General Władysław Sikorski and the Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie. The store now also holds many evening literary events throughout the year.
Control of the shop passed to Christina in 1945. Under her the shop stagnated, with little investment and poorly paid staff who could be fired on a whim. She also refused to install any modern conveniences such as electronic tills or calculators; nor would she allow orders to be taken by phone. However, the shop excelled in other fields: expensive books ordered from as far off as Germany were sent with a bill without prepayment.
The shop operated a payment system that required customers to queue three times: to collect an invoice for a book, to pay the invoice, then to collect the book, because sales staff were not allowed to handle cash. The shelving arrangement categorized books by publisher, rather than by topic or author. A quote of this period is "Imagine Kafka had gone into the book trade". In the 1980s, rival bookshop Dillons placed an advertisement in a bus shelter opposite Foyles reading "Foyled again? Try Dillons".
Christina Foyle and her husband, Ronald Batty, were determined to be free to fire workers at will and were fiercely opposed to worker representation. Workers were dismissed just before their period of employment was long enough to acquire statutory protection from unfair dismissal. In 1965 the Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied Workers organised a strike of the largely immigrant workforce.
Christina Foyle died in 1999; control then passed to her nephew Christopher, who modernised Foyles' shop and practices. Christopher Foyle was also, from 1978 until 2008, the chairman and CEO of aviation companies Air Foyle and Air Foyle HeavyLift, chairman and later Deputy President of the Air League, and a Trustee of the Foyle Foundation. He is also a Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society, a Liveryman of the Guild of Air Pilots and a Deputy Lord Lieutenant for Essex.
Foyles' heavily weathered panelling was replaced by a red plastic, grey metal and beech interior. Whereas the shop used to sell second-hand and new books side by side on the same shelves, it now primarily sells books in print, like other large chain bookshops, but with a notably larger range of titles on every subject. It also now sells second-hand and out-of-print books together with new books in its art, history and archaeology departments. Most of these changes were made between 2003 and 2005. Foyles also now sells electronic books on its website.
The feminist Silver Moon Bookshop was incorporated into Foyles in 2001 after rising rents on its Charing Cross Road premises forced it to close.
In 2011 Foyles took over Grant & Cutler, a foreign language bookseller that had been founded in 1936. In March 2011 Foyles closed Grant & Cutler's shop at 55–57 Great Marlborough Street and merged it with the foreign language section of Foyles' then premises in the Foyles Building. In the new Foyles store at 107 Charing Cross Road, Grant & Cutler is on Level 4.
Foyles opened a branch at the Royal Festival Hall on London's South Bank in 2005. The following year the chain was awarded a concession to run the book departments in Selfridges' London Oxford Street and Manchester stores, but these closed in February 2009. In February 2008 it opened the only bookshop in St Pancras railway station, which had been refurbished to include the Eurostar London terminal. Foyles also opened a branch in the Westfield shopping centre, which opened on 30 October 2008 in White City in West London. It opened a new 'Booktique' store at London's One New Change shopping centre in October 2010, but this closed in November 2011.
In March 2011 Foyles opened a store in Bristol, its first out-of-London store since before the Second World War. That October it opened a second Westfield store, designed by Lustedgreen, an interior architectural design consultancy, in the Westfield Stratford City complex next to the Olympic Stadium. The chain opened a bookshop in London Waterloo station in February 2014. In September 2016 Foyles opened a store in the new Chelmsford shopping development.
New flagship store
In late 2011 Foyles announced that it was selling the lease of its flagship Foyles Building at 111–119 Charing Cross Road. It acquired premises at 107 Charing Cross Road, formerly occupied by the Central St Martins College of Art and Design. The premises were refurbished to designs by London-based architects Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands. The store moved out of the Foyles Building and into the new premises in June 2014.
Foyles was bought by Waterstones for an undisclosed fee in September 2018; Waterstones is to retain the brand.
Foyles has earned the following awards:
- 2002 Independent Bookseller of the Year;
- 2005 Academic Bookseller of the Year;
- 2006 London Independent Bookseller of the Year
- 2008 Chain Bookselling Company of the Year, 2008 Bookseller of the Year
- 2010 Bookseller of the Year
- 2012 National Bookseller of the Year and National Children's Bookseller of the Year
- 2013 National Bookseller of the Year
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Foyles.|
- "Our Bookstores". Foyles. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Walsh, John (23 January 2003). "Still driving customers up the wall after 100 years: Foyles, the bookshop that time forgot". The Independent.
- Hoge, Warren (11 June 1999). "Christina Foyle, 88, the Queen of the London Bookstore, Dies". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "home page". Foyles. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Block, Andrew (1933). A Short History of the Principal London Antiquarian Booksellers and Book-Auctioneers. London: Denis Archer.
- The 1910 edition of The International Directory of Booksellers and Bibliophile's Manual lists Foyles' branch addresses: 65 Grand Parade, Green Lanes, London N, 431 Brixton Road, London SW, 212 Uxbridge Road, London SW and 45 High Road, London NW.
- Low, David (1973). With All Faults. Tehran: The Amate Press. pp. 16–20.
- "Gallery of Book Trade Labels: F". Seven Roads. Greg Kindall. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Neill, Graeme (15 September 2010). "Foyles to celebrate 80 years of lunches". The Bookseller. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- Handelzalts, Michael (30 May 2003). "Foyled and found again". Ha'aretz. Archived from the original on 13 March 2007.
- Pateman, Trevor (23 May 2012). "Adrian Beecroft, Vince Cable and the Foyle's Bookshop Strike 1965". Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- Teather, David (2 November 2007). "Raconteur who wrestled to keep Foyles in the family". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group.
- "Foyles eBooks". Foyles. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- Osborne, Susan (2003). The Good Web Guide for Book Lovers: The Simple Way to Explore Books and Literature Online. Good Web Guide Ltd. p. 17. ISBN 1-903282-42-X.
- "About Us". Grant & Cutler at Foyles. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Neill, Graeme (21 March 2011). "Foyles takes over Grant & Cutler". The Bookseller. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Neill, Graeme (2 November 2007). "Foyles to open fourth store". The Bookseller. Archived from the original on 2 November 2007.
- "Foyles to open fifth store in October". Foyles. 4 October 2010.
- Campbell, Lisa (2 November 2011). "Foyles to close One New Change today". The Bookseller. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Foyles bookshop opens at Waterloo Station". London SE1 Community Website. Bankside Press. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- Campbell, Lisa (9 December 2011). "Foyle family to sell leasehold to Charing Cross Road". The Bookseller. Retrieved 25 May 2012.
- "Foyles 107 Charing Cross Road". Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Foyles Enters a New Chapter as We Move Next Door". Foyles. 7 June 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Waterstones buys Foyles | The Bookseller". www.thebookseller.com.
- "British Nibbies Winners 2008". British Book Awards. Archived from the original on 8 July 2009.
- Foyles – official website
- "Gallery of Book Trade Labels: F". Seven Roads. Greg Kindall. – labels that Foyles used to put on every book sold