Foville's syndrome

Foville's syndrome is caused by the blockage of the perforating branches of the basilar artery in the region of the brainstem known as the pons.[1] Most frequently caused by vascular disease or tumors involving the dorsal pons.

Foville's syndrome

Structures affected by the infarct are the PPRF, nuclei of cranial nerves VI and VII, corticospinal tract, medial lemniscus, and the medial longitudinal fasciculus. There's involvement of the fifth to eighth cranial nerves, central sympathetic fibres (Horner syndrome) and horizontal gaze palsy.


This produces ipsilateral horizontal gaze palsy and facial nerve palsy and contralateral hemiparesis, hemisensory loss, and internuclear ophthalmoplegia.




Foville's syndrome was initially described by Achille-Louis Foville, a French physician, in 1859.[2]


  1. "Foville syndrome". GPnotebook.
  2. Foville, ALF (1859). "Note sur une paralysie peu connue de certains muscles de l'oeil, et sa liaison avec quelques points de l'anatomie de la physiologie de la protubérance annulaire". Gazette Hebdomadaire de Médecine et de Chirurgie. 6: 146.
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