Fort Lupton (Colorado)

Fort Lupton, located in the city of the same name,[1] was a trading post from 1836[2][3] or 1837 to 1844.[4] After operating as a stage coach station and used as a house, the building fell into disrepair and crumbled to all but a portion of one wall by the early 20th century. The trading post has been reconstructed yards away from its original site and is now part of the South Platte Historical Park in northwestern Fort Lupton, Colorado.

Fort Lupton
Trading post and fort
Sketch of Fort Lupton, 1913, Dr. K.L. Clock. Developed from examinations of the ruins of the fort and interviews with pioneers. Given to the Colorado Historical Society.
Nickname(s): 
Fort Lawrence
Fort Lupton
Site of reconstructed fort, a few yards from the original site
Coordinates: 40°5′54.3″N 104°49′9.68″W
CountryUnited States
StateColorado
CountyWeld
CityFort Lupton
Founded byLawrence Lupton

History

First called Fort Lawrence,[3][4] it was established by Lancaster Lupton, a former lieutenant, dragoon soldier,[2] and West Point graduate. He first visited the area during the Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition with Col. Henry Dodge. He resigned and returned to the South Platte area to build the trading post with the assistance of Mexican and Native American men. It had 15-foot walls of adobe brick and an enclosed area of about 125 feet by 150 feet. For defense, it had a tower overlooking the countryside and holes on the second floor to shoot rifles at hostile people. The fort contained a series of small rooms used for living quarters and trading, a blacksmith shop, and a commissary.[3]

Fort Lupton was one of several trading posts established along a 13-mile stretch of the South Platte River in the late 1830s. The others were Fort Jackson, Fort Vasquez,[5] and Fort Saint Vrain.[6] Trappers and Native Americans traded at Fort Lupton, which was located on the Trapper's Trail between Laramie, Wyoming and Santa Fe. They traded buffalo hides and beaver pelts for goods, such as food staples, cloth, blankets, pots, pans, knives, and guns.[2][3] Supplies and livestock were also sold to settlers.[3] Traders could made enough money in one summer to purchase a farm in the eastern portion of the United States. There may have been as many as 40 people living at the trading post, many of whom were Spanish-speaking employees, during its operation.[3][2] Rufus Sage, Kit Carson and John C. Frémont visited Fort Lupton.[3] In the early 1840s, the fur trade collapsed and the trading posts closed.[5]

Aftermath and reconstruction

After the trading post closed, it was unused until 1859 when it was used as a stage station during the gold rush. It was then used by a family named Ewing as a house for a number of years. It had deteriorated by 1900 and only a wall remained by the 1920s.[3] In 1926, the Territorial Daughters of Colorado installed a wrought iron fence and historical marker at the site of the former trading post. The land was repurposed again when an oil rig was established there. Later, the land was acquired by the South Platte Historical Society. The original site of the fort is an archaeological site.[7]

External images
Image of reconstructed Fort Lupton trading post
Interior courtyard

In 2009,[3] the fort was reconstructed a few yards from the site of the trading post using some of the original adobe bricks.[4][2] South Platte Valley Historical Park was established by the South Platte Valley Historical Society northwest of the city of Fort Lupton. It includes a reconstruction of the adobe trading post, Fort Lupton, and is a historical park about area settlement.[2][8]

References

  1. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 129.
  2. "The New Fort Lupton Rises On The Banks Of The South Platte River". CBS Denver. September 4, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  3. Jessen, Kenneth (July 13, 2014). "Fort Lupton was reconstructed". Reporter-Herald. Loveland, Colorado. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  4. Jolie Anderson Gallagher (April 2, 2013). Colorado Forts: Historic Outposts on the Wild Frontier. Arcadia Publishing Incorporated. p. PT9. ISBN 978-1-61423-903-1.
  5. Newton, Cody (April 6, 2015). "Nineteenth-Century Trading Posts". Colorado Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  6. Adam Thomas. "Crossroads to Eden: The Development of Fort Lupton (1835-2000)". Fort Lupton Historic Survey and Context SWCA Cultural Resource Report, State Historical Fund Project. pp. 6–11. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  7. "Ceremony rededicates site of original Fort Lupton". Greeley Tribune. November 25, 2002. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  8. "South Platte Valley Historical Society Home Page". South Platte Valley Historical Society. Retrieved June 7, 2018. Since there will likely be a currency issue with the home page: 'The South Platte Valley Historical Society has a mission to preserve the history of the South Platte Valley area. The Society is creating a one-hundred acre history park on the north side of Fort Lupton with facilities dedicated to education and historic interpretation... Visit the Society's South Platte Valley Historical Park - Lupton's Fort and the South Platte Valley Settlement... Northwest of the city of Fort Lupton off of Highway 85. The historical park is 1/4 mile West of Highway 85 off of County Road 141/2. Turn right onto Historic Park Way.'

Further reading

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