Forks Over Knives
Forks Over Knives is a 2011 American advocacy film and documentary that advocates a low-fat, whole-food, plant-based diet as a way to avoid or reverse several chronic diseases. The film stresses that processed foods and all oils should be avoided. This is sometimes confused with a vegan diet, which in practice can be very different. The whole-food, plant-based diet promotes eating whole, unrefined or minimally refined plant-based foods. Those who adopt this lifestyle base their diets on foods such as whole grains, legumes, tubers, vegetables, and fruits. It seeks to exclude or minimize sources of animal-based protein and highly refined foods such as refined sugars, bleached flours, and oils.
|Forks Over Knives|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Lee Fulkerson|
|Produced by||John Corry|
|Written by||Lee Fulkerson|
|Starring||T. Colin Campbell, Ph.D|
Caldwell Esselstyn, M.D.
John A. McDougall, M.D.
Neal D. Barnard, M.D.
|Music by||Ramón Balcázar|
|Edited by||John Orfanopoulos|
Monica Beach Media
|Distributed by||Virgil Films and Entertainment|
|May 6, 2011 (limited release)|
August 30, 2011 (DVD)
Through an examination of the careers of American physician Caldwell Esselstyn and professor of nutritional biochemistry T. Colin Campbell, Forks Over Knives claims that many diseases, including obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer, can be prevented and treated by eating a whole-food, plant-based diet, avoiding processed food and food from animals.
The film includes an overview of the 20-year China–Cornell–Oxford Project that led to Professor Campbell's findings, outlined in his book The China Study (2005), in which he suggests that coronary artery disease, diabetes, obesity, and cancer can be linked to the Western diet of processed and animal-based foods (including dairy products).
Director Lee Fulkerson stated in an interview with Canada's National Post that the diet described in the film is called "whole foods plant-based" and that it advises people to eat "minimally processed things."
On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 59% based on reviews from 37 critics. On Metacritic, the film had an average score of 57 out of 100, based on 18 reviews, indicating "mixed or average" reviews.
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three out of four stars and wrote: "here is a film that could save your life." He commented that "Forks Over Knives is not subtle. It plays as if it had been made for doctors to see in medical school." Loren King of The Boston Globe gave it three out of four stars and remarked that "what An Inconvenient Truth did for global warming, Lee Fulkerson's persuasive documentary does for a vegan diet". Carrie Rickey of The Philadelphia Inquirer gave the film three out of four stars and described it as "an earnest and fact-filled work of food evangelism."
Sean O'Connell of The Washington Post gave the film two out of four stars and argued that it is "an interesting and informative health lecture that's sandwiched into a dry, repetitive documentary" and said that "it's desperately in need of charisma, humor or personality to balance the steady stream of scientific facts we’re asked to absorb". Rex Reed of The New York Observer gave the film 2/4, criticizing its "funereal" tone and writing, "the movie says nothing we don't already know, and 96 minutes is too long to tell us how sick we are." Corey Hall of the Metro Times gave the film a "C" and stated that "while it's impossible to dispute the basic premise that eating more vegetables is good for you, Forks adopts a staunch anti-meat and -dairy stance that leaves the door open for criticism."
The film was awarded the Documentary/Special Interest Title of the Year in 2012 by the Entertainment Merchants Association.
- Alona Pulde M.D., Matthew Lederman M.D. The Forks Over Knives Plan: How to Transition to the Life-Saving, Whole-Food, Plant-Based Diet, 2014.
- Sroufe, Del. Forks Over Knives—The Cookbook, 2012.
- Stone, Gene. Forks Over Knives: The Plant Based Way to Health, 2011.
- Times, Seattle (2011-08-30). "New DVDs: 'Madea's Big Happy Family,' 'Forks Over Knives'". Seattletimes.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013.
- "The Forks Over Knives Diet Explained - Frequently Asked Questions". forksoverknives.com.
- Hickman, Angela (16 May 2011). "The food revolution of Forks Over Knives will not be processed". National Post.
- Loren King, "Documentary argues virtues of a vegan diet", The Boston Globe, 16 May 2011.
- Jeannette Catsoulis, "Soul Food, Vegan Style", The New York Times, 5 May 2011.
- Kasey, "Exclusive interview with Lee Fulkerson, writer and director of 'Forks Over Knives'", TDIV, 21 December 2011.
- "Forks Over Knives: The Official Movie Website (Synopsis)". Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- Knight, Chris (19 May 2011). "Film Review: Forks Over Knives (3 stars)". National Post.
- "Forks Over Knives". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2019-09-19.
- "Forks Over Knives: Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2015-02-10.
- Roger Ebert (11 May 2011). "'Forks over Knives' review". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "'Forks Over Knives': A bad-diet horror story". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 2011-05-19.
- Forks over Knives review, The Washington Post. May 13, 2011.
- "New York Observer Review". Observer.com. Retrieved 2015-09-09.
- Hall, Corey. "Forks Over Knives Metro Times Review". Metrotimes.com. Archived from the original on 2013-05-12. Retrieved 2015-09-09.
- "EMA Recognizes Indie Films and TV Series," 2012 Entertainment Merchants Association’s Independent Home Entertainment Award, June 2012.