Foreign relations of Grenada

Bilateral relations

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia3 April 2012

Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 3, 2012.[1]

 Australia
  • Australia is represented in Grenada by its High Commission in Trinidad and Tobago.[2]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Austria
 Barbados3 March 1974

Both countries established diplomatic relations on March 3, 1974.[6]

 Belize21 September 1981
 CanadaSee Canada-Grenada relations

Grenada has a consulate general in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.[8]

 China20 January 2005See China–Grenada relations

Grenada announced the resumption of diplomatic ties with the People's Republic of China on January 20, 2005.

 CubaSee Cuba–Grenada relations
 Denmark

Denmark is represented in Grenada through a consulate.[9]

 Dominica

Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations, of the Organization of American States and of the Caribbean Community.

 Haiti

As a member of CARICOM Grenada strongly backed efforts by the United States to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 940, designed to facilitate the departure of Haiti's de facto authorities from power. Grenada subsequently contributed personnel to the multinational force which restored the democratically elected government of Haiti in October 1994.

 Italy
 LithuaniaSeptember 26, 2013

Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 26, 2013.[12]

 Malaysia
 Mexico11 April 1975See Grenada–Mexico relations
  • Grenada is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.[15]
  • Mexico is accredited to Grenada from its embassy in Castries, Saint Lucia and maintains an honorary consulate in St. George's.[16]
 Morocco15 May 2011

Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 15, 2011.[17]

 New Zealand
 Norway

Both countries have signed Tax Convention on May 19, 2010.[20]

 Romania3 April 1975

Grenadian–Romanian relations are foreign relations between Grenada and Romania. Both countries are full members of the United Nations. The relations were formal diplomatic relations between Grenada and Romania. Grenada and Romania full diplomatic relations were established on the Thursday 3 April 1975.[21]

 RussiaSee Grenada – Soviet Union relations

During the New Jewel Movement, the Soviet Union tried to make the island of Grenada to function as a Soviet base, and also by getting supplies from Cuba. On October 1983, during the U.S. invasion of Grenada, U.S. President Ronald Reagan maintained that US Marines arrived on the island of Grenada, which was considered a Soviet-Cuban ally that would export communist revolution throughout the Caribbean. In November, at a joint hearing of Congressional Subcommittee, it was told that Grenada could be used as a staging area for subversion of the nearby countries, for intersection of shipping lanes, and for the transit of troops and supplies from Cuba to Africa, and from Eastern Europe and Libya to Central America. In December, the State Department published a preliminary report on Grenada, in which was claimed as an "Island of Soviet Internationalism". When the US Marines landed on the island, they discovered a large amount of documents, which included agreements between the Soviet Government, and the New Jewel Movement, recorded minutes of the Committee meetings, and reports from the Grenadian embassy in Moscow.[22] Diplomatic relations between Grenada and the Soviet Union were severed in 1983 by the Governor General of Grenada. Eventually in 2002, Grenada re-established diplomatic relations with the newly formed Russian Federation.[23]

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations, of the Organization of American States and of the Caribbean Community.

 Singapore15 December 2000

Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 15, 2000.[24]

 South Korea1 August 1974See Grenada–South Korea relations

The establishment of diplomatic relations between South Korea and Grenada started on 1 August 1974 and the bilateral trade in 2012 were exports : $1.78 and million imports : $140 thousand.[25]

 Suriname

Both countries are full members of the Organization of American States and of the Caribbean Community.

 United KingdomSee Grenada–United Kingdom relations

The United Kingdom is represented by a resident High Commissioner (as opposed to the Governor-General who represents the British monarch).

 United States29 November 1974See Grenada–United States relations

The U.S. Government established an embassy in Grenada in November 1983. The U.S. Ambassador to Grenada is resident in Bridgetown, Barbados. The embassy in Grenada is staffed by a chargé d'affaires who reports to the ambassador in Bridgetown. Grenada has an embassy in Washington, D.C. and a consulate general in New York City.[26][27]

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) played a major role in Grenada's development. In addition to the $45 million emergency aid for reconstruction from 2004's Hurricane Ivan, USAID provided more than $120 million in economic assistance from 1984 to 1993. About 25 Peace Corps volunteers in Grenada teach special education, remedial reading, and vocational training and assist with HIV/AIDS work. Grenada receives counter-narcotics assistance from the United States and benefits from U.S. military exercise-related construction and humanitarian civic action projects.

Prime Minister Keith Mitchell joined President Bill Clinton, in May 1997, for a meeting with 14 other Caribbean leaders during the first-ever U.S.-regional summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit strengthened the basis for regional cooperation on justice and counter-narcotics issues, finance and development, and trade.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website https://2009-2017.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2335.htm.

 Vietnam15 July 1979

Both countries established diplomatic relations on July 15, 1979.[28]

International recognition of Grenada

UN member states

StateDate of recognitionDate of diplomatic relationsDate of withdrawnNotes
 Argentina3 February 1975
 Armenia3 April 2012
 Azerbaijan23 September 2010
 Barbados3 March 1974Barbados–Grenada relations
 Belize21 September 1981
 Brunei Darussalam29 January 2010
 Canada7 February 1974Canada–Grenada relations
 Colombia9 January 1981
 Costa Rica15 December 1977
 Croatia19 May 2000
 Cuba1994November 1983Cuba–Grenada relations
 Cyprus29 April 1980
 Egypt14 September 1976
 Estonia12 May 2006
 Finland22 November 19741 June 1980
 Georgia23 November 2011
 Iceland1983
 Indonesia28 February 1992
 IsraelJanuary 1975
 JapanApril 1975Grenada–Japan relations
 Kazakhstan16 October 2012
 Kuwait18 May 2013
 Latvia19 September 2012
 Libya1979November 1983Grenada–Libya relations
 Malta27 May 2011
 Mexico11 April 1975Grenada–Mexico relations
 Mongolia25 July 1980
 Morocco27 May 2011
 People's Republic of China20 January 2005China–Grenada relations
 South KoreaMay 1984March 1975Grenada–South Korea relations
 Philippines
 Romania3 April 1975
 Russian Federation17 September 2002
 Serbia19 August 1974June 1978
 Singapore15 December 2000
 South Africa25 February 1998
 Sri Lanka19 December 2012
  Switzerland1981
 United Arab EmiratesMarch 1975
 United States7 February 197429 November 1974Grenada–United States relations
 Venezuela1977

Non-UN member states

StateDate of recognitionDate of diplomatic relationsDate of withdrawnNotes
 State of PalestineYesNo-
 Republic of China198919892005Changed relationship to the People's Republic of China.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic20 August 197920 August 197916 August 2010[29]
  Vatican City17 February 197917 February 1979L'Attività della Santa Sede 1979, p. 136[30]

Grenada and the Commonwealth of Nations

Grenada has been an independent Commonwealth realm since 1974.

Even under the People's Revolutionary Government, Grenada was never declared a republic, but remained a Commonwealth realm, albeit, under the dictatorship of the New Jewel Movement's leader, Maurice Bishop.

Illicit drugs

Small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for cannabis and cocaine to the US.

See also

References

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