In filmmaking and video production, footage is raw, unedited material as originally filmed by a movie camera or recorded by a video camera, which typically must be edited to create a motion picture, video clip, television show or similar completed work.
Since the term originates in film, footage is only used for recorded images, such as film stock, videotapes or digitized clips – on live television, the signals from video cameras are instead called sources.
The origin of the term "footage" is that early 35 mm silent film has traditionally been measured in feet and frames; the fact that film was measured by length in cutting rooms, and that there are 16 frames (4-perf film format) in a foot of 35 mm film which roughly represented 1 second of screen time (frame rate) in some early silent films, made footage a natural unit of measure for film. The term then became used figuratively to describe moving image material of any kind.
Sometimes film projects will also sell or trade footage, usually second unit material not used in the final cut. For example, the end of the non-director's cut version of Blade Runner used landscape views that were originally shot for The Shining before the script was modified after shooting had finished.
Television footage, especially news footage, is often traded between television networks, but good footage usually commands a high price. The actual sum depends on duration, age, size of intended audience, duration of licensing and other factors.
A footage broker is an agent who deals in footage by promoting it to footage purchasers or producers, while taking a profit in the sales transaction.
- Engineers, Society of Motion Picture and Television (1917). Transactions of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers. Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.
- Jagernauth, Kevin. "Watch: U.S. Theatrical Ending To 'Blade Runner' That Features Footage From Stanley Kubrick's 'The Shining' | IndieWire". www.indiewire.com. Retrieved 2017-06-12.
- IMDb's Trivia page for Blade Runner – Retrieved July 3, 2009
- News day.com – Amateur video playing greater role – Retrieved July 3, 2009
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