Flight 714 to Sydney

Flight 714 to Sydney (French: Vol 714 pour Sydney; originally published in English as Flight 714) is the twenty-second volume of The Adventures of Tintin, the comics series by Belgian cartoonist Hergé. The title refers to a flight that Tintin and his friends fail to catch, as they become embroiled in a plot to kidnap an eccentric millionaire from a supersonic business jet on an Indonesian island. This album, first published in 1968, is unusual in the Tintin series for its science fiction and paranormal influences. The central mystery is essentially left unresolved.

Flight 714 to Sydney
(Vol 714 pour Sydney)
Cover of the English-language edition
Date1968
SeriesThe Adventures of Tintin
PublisherCasterman
Creative team
CreatorHergé
Original publication
Published inTintin magazine
Issues936 – 997
Date of publication27 September 1966 – 28 November 1967
LanguageFrench
Translation
PublisherMethuen
Date1968
Translator
  • Leslie Lonsdale-Cooper
  • Michael Turner
Chronology
Preceded byThe Castafiore Emerald (1963)
Followed byTintin and the Picaros (1976)

It was published as a book by Casterman shortly after its conclusion. Hergé continued The Adventures of Tintin with Tintin and the Picaros, while the series itself became a defining part of the Franco-Belgian comics tradition. The story was adapted for the 1991 animated series The Adventures of Tintin by Ellipse and Nelvana.

Synopsis

On a refueling stop in Jakarta on their way to Sydney, Tintin, Captain Haddock and Professor Calculus chance upon their friend Skut (introduced in The Red Sea Sharks), now personal pilot for aircraft industrialist and eccentric millionaire Laszlo Carreidas. Tintin and his friends join the millionaire on his prototype private jet, the Carreidas 160, crewed by Skut, co-pilot Hans Boehm, navigator Paolo Colombani, and steward Gino. En route, Carreidas' secretary Spalding, Boehm, and Colombani hijack the plane and bring it to the deserted volcanic island of Pulau-pulau Bompa situated in the Celebes Sea, where the aircraft makes a rough landing on a makeshift runway made of interlocking metal strips, with a nylon barrier at the end. While disembarking from the plane, Snowy bolts from Tintin's arms, runs off into the jungle under fire by gunmen, and is apparently killed. The mastermind of the plot then reveals himself as Rastapopoulos, intent on seizing Carreidas' fortune. Captain Haddock's corrupt ex-shipmate, Allan, is present as Rastapopoulos's henchman, and Sondonesian nationalists have been hired as mercenaries.

Tintin, Haddock, Calculus, Skut and Gino are bound and held in a Japanese World War II-era bunker, while Rastapopoulos takes Carreidas to another bunker where his accomplice, Dr. Krollspell, injects the millionaire with a truth serum to reveal Carreidas's Swiss bank account number. Under the serum's influence, Carreidas becomes eager to confide his life of greed, perfidy, and theft, revealing every detail thereof except the account number. Furious, Rastapopoulos strikes at Krollspell, who is still holding the truth serum syringe, and is accidentally injected, whereupon he too boasts of past crimes until he and Carreidas quarrel over which of them is the most evil. In the process, Rastapopoulos reveals that nearly all of the men he recruited, including Spalding, the aircraft pilots, the Sondonesians and Krollspell, are all marked to be eliminated after Rastapopoulos gets Carreidas' account number.

Snowy, alive after all, helps Tintin and his friends escape, and they find the bunker where Carreidas is held prisoner. Tintin and Captain Haddock bind and gag Rastapopoulos, Krollspell and also Carreidas who has gone mad being injected by the truth syrum, and escort them to lower ground, intending to use Rastapopoulos as a hostage; but the serum's effect wears off, and Rastapopoulos escapes. Krollspell, intimidated by Rastapopoulos, continues to accompany Tintin and Haddock. After a run-in with Alan and some Sondonesians, Tintin, led by a telepathic voice, guides the other protagonists to a cave, where they discover a temple hidden inside the island's volcano, guarded by an ancient statue akin to a modern astronaut. Deeper inside the structure, Tintin and his friends reunite with Calculus and meet Mik Kanrokitoff, a writer for the magazine Space Week, whose guiding voice they have followed via a telepathic transmitter obtained from an extraterrestrial race, formerly worshipped on the island as gods and now in co-operation with Kanrokitoff to communicate with Earth's scientists. An earthquake and explosion set off by Rastapopoulos and his men triggers a volcanic eruption; but Tintin and his party (now reunited with Skut, Calculus and Gino) reach relative safety in the volcano's crater. Rastapopoulos and his henchmen flee the eruption outside the volcano and launch a rubber dinghy from Carreidas' plane.

Kanrokitoff puts Tintin and his friends under hypnosis and summons a flying saucer piloted by the extraterrestrials, in which all escape the eruption. Kanrokitoff spots the rubber dinghy and exchanges Tintin and his companions (except Krollspell, who is taken to CairoNew Delhi in the French edition – under hypnotic-induced amnesia) for Allan, Spalding, Rastapopoulos, and the treacherous pilots, who are whisked away in the saucer to an unknown fate. Tintin, Haddock, Calculus and Skut awaken from hypnosis and cannot remember what happened to them; but Calculus retains a crafted rod of alloyed cobalt, iron, and nickel, which he had found in the caves. The cobalt is of a state that does not occur on Earth, and is the only evidence of a close encounter with its makers. Only Snowy, who cannot speak, remembers the hijacking and alien abduction. The story ends with Tintin, Carreidas, and companions catching Qantas Flight 714 to Sydney.

History

Hergé began writing Flight 714 to Sydney four years after he had ended his previous instalment in the series, The Castafiore Emerald.[1] His enthusiasm for the Adventures of Tintin had declined, and instead his main interest was abstract art, both as a painter and a collector.[1] He initially planned on titling his new story Special Flight for Adelaide prior to changing it to Flight 714 to Sydney.[2] While working on the story, Hergé told English-translator Michael Turner that "I've fallen out of love with Tintin. I just can't bear to see him."[3]

Hergé commented that with Flight 714 to Sydney, he wanted a "return to Adventure with a capital A... without really returning there."[4] He sought to provide answers to two questions: "Are there other inhabited planets? And are there 'insiders' who know it?"[5] Hergé had a longstanding interest in paranormal phenomena, and believed that a story with such elements would appeal to the growing interest in the subject.[5] He was particularly influenced by Robert Charroux's Le Livre des Secrets Trahis ("The Book of Betrayed Secrets"), which expounded the idea that extraterrestrials had influenced humanity during prehistory.[5] The character of Mik Ezdanitoff (Mik Kanrokitoff in the English translation) was based on Jacques Bergier, a writer on paranormal topics.[6] Bergier was pleased with this.[7] The name "Mik Ezdanitoff" was a pun on a Brussels dialect phrase for "Isn't that great".[7] The television presenter who interviews the protagonists at the end of the story was visually modelled on the Tintin fan Jean Tauré, who had written to Hergé asking if he could be depicted in the series shaking Haddock's hand.[8]

Hergé decided to reintroduce the antagonist Rastapopoulos into the story, having last used him in The Red Sea Sharks.[1] In his interviews with Numa Sadoul, Hergé noted that he was consciously shifting the nature of the villains in Flight 714 to Sydney. He related that "During the story, I realised that when all was said and done Rastapopoulos and Allan were pathetic figures. Yes, I discovered this after giving Rastapopoulos the attire of a de luxe cowboy; he appeared to me to be so grotesque dressed up in this manner that he ceased to impress me. The villains were debunked: in the end they seem above all ridiculous and wretched. You see, that's how things evolve."[9] Other characters that Hergé brought back for the story were Skut, the Estonian pilot from The Red Sea Sharks,[10] and Wagg, who is depicted watching television at the very end of the story.[7]

Hergé also introduced new characters into the story, such as Carreidas, who was based on the French aerospace magnate Marcel Dassault.[11] In his interview with Sadoul, Hergé also observed that "With Carreidas, I departed from the concept of good and bad. Carreidas is one of the goodies of the story. It does not matter that he is not an attractive personality. He is a cheat by nature. Look at the discussion between him and Rastapopoulos when, under the influence of the truth serum, they both boast of their worst misdeeds[…] A good example for small children: the rich and respected man, who gives a lot to charity, and the bandit in the same boat! That's not very moral."[9] Another character he invented for the story was Dr Krollspell, whom he later related had "probably 'worked' in a Nazi camp".[10] He was thus portrayed as a former doctor in one of the Nazi extermination camps—perhaps based partly on Josef Mengele—who had fled Europe after the Second World War and settled in New Delhi, where he established his medical clinic.[10]

Hergé drew the basis of the comic but his assistants in Studios Hergé then completed the backgrounds and detail and added colour.[12] Hergé's assistant Bob de Moor and his Studios Hergé were responsible for drawing much of Flight 714 to Sydney.[7] To depict the erupting volcano, Hergé utilised photographs of eruptions at Etna and Kilauea that were in his image collection.[13] He also turned to this collection for a photograph of a flying saucer that he used as the basis for the extraterrestrial spacecraft depicted in the story.[13] Later, Hergé regretted explicitly depicting the alien spacecraft at the end of the story, although was unsure how he could have ended the story without it.[14]

Carreidas 160

Hergé wanted the Carreidas 160 in Flight 714 to Sydney (1968) to have at least the same detailed attention that he had put into all of his fictional vehicles, from the Unicorn ship in The Secret of the Unicorn (1943) to the moon rocket in Explorers on the Moon (1954).[12] The supersonic jet aircraft called for by the new Tintin adventure, while fanciful, could not be viewed as implausible and needed to meet the same exacting standards. Hergé, who had reached his sixtieth birthday and whose drawing hand had begun suffering from eczema, was happy to leave the drawing of the jet to Roger Leloup, his younger colleague at Studios Hergé.[15] Leloup, a technical artist and aviation expert, had drawn the moon rocket, the de Havilland Mosquito in The Red Sea Sharks (1958), and all aircraft in the recently redrawn The Black Island (1966).[16] Leloup was described by British Tintin expert Michael Farr as "the aeronautical expert in the Studios" and his design of the Carreidas 160 as "painstakingly executed and, of course, viable."[17]

A "meticulous design of the revolutionary Carreidas 160 jet" was prepared, according to entertainment producer and author Harry Thompson, "a fully working aircraft with technical plans drawn up by Roger Leloup."[18] Leloup's detailed cross-sectional design of the Carreidas 160 and its technical specifications were published in a double-page spread for Tintin magazine in 1966.[19]

Publication

Flight 714 to Sydney was serialised in Belgium and France in Le Journal de Tintin from September 1966.[20] The series was serialised at a rate of one page a week in the magazine.[21] It was then published in collected form by Editions Casterman in 1968.[20] For this collected version, Hergé had to cut the number of final frames due to a mistake in numbering the pages.[22] Hergé designed a new cover for the volume, although Casterman initially thought that his was too sombre, so Hergé brightened the colours and enlarged the central figures.[23] A launch party for the publication of the book was held in Paris in May 1968, but was overshadowed by that month's student demonstrations and civil unrest.[4]

The volume was subsequently translated into English. Its English translators made various alterations. Rather than translating its title directly, as Flight 714 to Sydney, they gave it the shortened title of Flight 714.[10] They also changed the year of Carreidas' birth from 1899 to 1906 and changed the location of Krollspell's medical clinic from New Delhi to Cairo.[10]

Critical analysis

Hergé biographer Benoît Peeters noted that Flight 714 to Sydney "continues the debunking process" of the most recent books, with the villains becoming "objects of parody".[9] He suggested that the character of Carreidas was "one of the most marked features" of the book, for he represented "a more ambiguous character than Hergé's earlier creations". He thought that in doing so, Hergé was "trying to make his world more subtle by eliminating the certainties on which it had been built" and in doing so was "attacking the very foundations he had created." This "self-destructive tendency", Peeters thought, became more fully "explicit" in the subsequent instalment, Tintin in the Picaros.[9] Peeters noted that the book "smacks somewhat of [Hergé's] hesitation" as he was unsure whether to include an explicit depiction of the extraterrestrial ship.[4] Peeters also thought that the final scene in the book, featuring Wagg and his family, was "tailored to perfection".[24]

Jean-Marc Lofficier and Randy Lofficier thought that Flight 714 "totally demystifies" Rastapopolous, who has been transformed from a "criminal mastermind" into "a farcical villain" akin to something from one of the Pink Panther films.[8] They also noted that Alan had similarly changed from a "cunning, brutal henchman" into a "low-brow, buffoonish thug".[20] They also noted that Carreidas was "a villain to rival Rastapopolous".[8] Lofficier and Lofficier saw the "memory erasure" twist at the end of the story as being "lame", arguing that it would have been really interesting to see Tintin actually interact with extraterrestrials. They thus thought that this tactic displayed "Hergé's lack of confidence in his storytelling abilities".[25] They awarded it three stars out of five, characterising it as "a disappointing book in spite of its high promise".[25]

Michael Farr suggested that Flight 714 to Sydney represented the "most far-fetched adventure" in the series.[26] He suggested that the narrative got off to a "promising start" but that it "degenerates" as it progresses.[7] He also criticised the artwork, suggesting that as a result of its reliance on members of Studios Hergé it contained "excesses" not present in earlier volumes.[7] Farr thought that the addition of extraterrestrials was "esoteric and speculative enough to weaken and trivialise the whole adventure".[7]

Harry Thompson praised Flight 714 to Sydney, believing that with it, Hergé was "top of his form".[27] Thompson thought that "artistically, the book is his greatest achievement", demonstrating a "cinematic ingenuity of his composition", particularly in its scenes inside the temple and of the volcanic eruption.[27] He also noted that the scene of the extraterrestrial spacecraft bore similarities with the depiction of the alien ship in the 1977 film Close Encounters of the Third Kind, highlighting that the film's director, Steven Spielberg, was a known fan of The Adventures of Tintin.[18] Thompson also highlighted the "parallel with big business and crime" that was used in the story, noting that this theme had earlier been present in Tintin in America.[28]

The literary critic Tom McCarthy believed that Flight 714 to Sydney exhibited a number of themes that recurred throughout the Adventures of Tintin more widely. He opined that the troubles faced by Tintin and Haddock aboard Carreidas' jet reflected the theme of the "troubled host–guest relationship".[29] He believed that Rastapopoulos' activities below the area that he could be located by radar reflected the theme of eluding detection.[30] In addition, he expressed the view that the flagging relationship of Haddock and Calculus, as it is depicted in Flight 714 to Sydney, is a form of the wider theme of strained relationships in the series.[31] McCarthy also highlighted the scene at the start the story in which Haddock mistakes Carreidas for someone trapped in poverty and gives him some money accordingly; McCarthy drew parallels between this scene and a similar one from Charles Baudelaire's poem "La Fausse Monnaie", suggesting that Hergé might have been thinking of Baudelaire's scene when creating his own.[32]

Flight 714 may seem like a totally pointless adventure because the characters do not remember anything that happens and their stay on the island does not change them in any way. While showing us something of their daily lives and desire for roots, this adventure otherwise alienates the characters from their readers and encloses them in a fictional universe.

Jean-Marie Apostolidès[33]

In his psychoanalytical study of The Adventures of Tintin, the literary critic Jean-Marie Apostolidès expressed the view that the concept of "the void" appeared repeatedly in Flight 714 to Sydney,[34] referring to the existence of World War II bunkers and the underground temple as reflections of that void.[35] He added that whereas early Adventures of Tintin reflected a keen division between "Good and Evil", in this story this dichotomy has been replaced by a "meaningless void", with Rastapopoulos having degenerated from the role of criminal mastermind to that of "a mere hoodlum" who "sinks to the level of mere farce".[36] Apostolidès further expresses the view that one of the "best scenes" in the story was that involving an interchange between Rastapopoulos and Carreidas, stating that "their opposition is merely superficial", in this way comparing them to the competing figures of General Alcazar and General Tapioca in Tintin and the Picaros.[37]

Apostolidès believed that Flight 714 to Sydney exhibited many of the same themes as were present in Prisoners of the Sun and the Destination Moon/Explorers on the Moon story arc.[36] He compares the character of Carreidas with that of Baxter from the moon adventure, yet notes that the former is "craftier, more childish and inhumane, less interested in research itself than in technological applications", working for profit rather than the good of humanity.[36] Turning his attention to comparisons with Prisoners of the Sun, he highlights that both stories feature ancient temples, "weird animals", and dramatic natural phenomena,[38] as well as the prominent inclusion of amnesia.[39]

Adaptations

In 1991, a collaboration between the French studio Ellipse and the Canadian animation company Nelvana adapted 21 of the stories into a series of episodes, each 42 minutes long. Flight 714 was the twentieth story of The Adventures of Tintin to be adapted. Directed by Stéphane Bernasconi, the series has been praised for being "generally faithful", with compositions having been actually directly taken from the panels in the original comic book.[40]

References

Footnotes

  1. Farr 2001, p. 179.
  2. Goddin 2011, p. 148.
  3. Thompson 1991, p. 191.
  4. Peeters 2012, p. 299.
  5. Peeters 2012, p. 298.
  6. Peeters 1989, p. 120; Lofficier & Lofficier 2002, p. 80; Goddin 2011, p. 150; Peeters 2012, p. 298.
  7. Farr 2001, p. 183.
  8. Lofficier & Lofficier 2002, p. 80.
  9. Peeters 1989, p. 120.
  10. Farr 2001, p. 180.
  11. Farr 2001, p. 180; Peeters 1989, p. 120; Goddin 2011, p. 148.
  12. Goddin 2011, p. 150.
  13. Farr 2001, p. 184.
  14. Farr 2001, p. 183; Goddin 2011, p. 155; Peeters 2012, p. 299.
  15. Assouline 2009, pp. 200–201; Farr 2001, p. 184; Thompson 1991, p. 190.
  16. Assouline 2009, pp. 200–202; Farr 2001, pp. 75, 78, 157, 184; Lambiek Comiclopedia 2011; Dupuis 2011.
  17. Farr 2001, pp. 184–185.
  18. Thompson 1991, p. 190.
  19. Farr 2001, pp. 184–185; Tintin magazine 1966.
  20. Lofficier & Lofficier 2002, p. 79.
  21. Goddin 2011, p. 152.
  22. Thompson 1991, p. 190; Goddin 2011, p. 155.
  23. Goddin 2011, p. 155.
  24. Peeters 1989, p. 121.
  25. Lofficier & Lofficier 2002, p. 81.
  26. Farr 2001, p. 178.
  27. Thompson 1991, p. 188.
  28. Thompson 1991, p. 189.
  29. McCarthy 2006, p. 71.
  30. McCarthy 2006, p. 29.
  31. McCarthy 2006, p. 58.
  32. McCarthy 2006, pp. 140–141.
  33. Apostolidès 2010, p. 260.
  34. Apostolidès 2010, p. 252.
  35. Apostolidès 2010, pp. 253–254.
  36. Apostolidès 2010, p. 254.
  37. Apostolidès 2010, p. 255.
  38. Apostolidès 2010, p. 256.
  39. Apostolidès 2010, p. 258.
  40. Lofficier & Lofficier 2002, p. 90.

Bibliography

  • Apostolidès, Jean-Marie (2010) [2006]. The Metamorphoses of Tintin, or Tintin for Adults. Jocelyn Hoy (translator). Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-6031-7.
  • Assouline, Pierre (2009) [1996]. Hergé, the Man Who Created Tintin. Charles Ruas (translator). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-539759-8.
  • Farr, Michael (2001). Tintin: The Complete Companion. London: John Murray. ISBN 978-0-7195-5522-0.
  • Goddin, Philippe (2011). The Art of Hergé, Inventor of Tintin: Volume 3: 1950-1983. Michael Farr (translator). San Francisco: Last Gasp. ISBN 978-0-86719-763-1.
  • Hergé (1968). Flight 714. Leslie Lonsdale-Cooper and Michael Turner (translators). London: Egmont. ISBN 978-1-4052-0633-4.
  • Lofficier, Jean-Marc; Lofficier, Randy (2002). The Pocket Essential Tintin. Harpenden, Hertfordshire: Pocket Essentials. ISBN 978-1-904048-17-6.
  • McCarthy, Tom (2006). Tintin and the Secret of Literature. London: Granta. ISBN 978-1-86207-831-4.
  • Peeters, Benoît (1989). Tintin and the World of Hergé. London: Methuen Children's Books. ISBN 978-0-416-14882-4.
  • Peeters, Benoît (2012) [2002]. Hergé: Son of Tintin. Tina A. Kover (translator). Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-1-4214-0454-7.
  • Thompson, Harry (1991). Tintin: Hergé and his Creation. London: Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 978-0-340-52393-3.
  • "Avant Concorde ... le Carreidas 160 Jet" [Before the Concorde ... the Carreidas 160 Jet]. Tintin (in French). Le Lombard. December 1966.
  • "Roger Leloup (b. 17 January 1933, Belgium)". Lambiek Comiclopedia. 11 November 2011. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 17 February 2015. From 1953 to 1969 he worked at Studios Hergé, where he was responsible for the airplanes in the Tintin episode Vol 714, among other things.
  • "Roger Leloup". Dupuis: Editeur Caractère(s). 2011. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2015. Hergé gives him especially technical drawings and very accurate decoration, such as the railway station of Genève-Cointrin in L'Affaire Tournesol, the wheelchair of captain Haddock in Les Bijoux de la Castafiore, cars, motorbikes, tanks, the design of the aeroplane of Carreidas, and all the aeroplanes in the new version of L'Île noire.
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