Flag of Nauru

Following the independence of Nauru, the flag of Nauru (Nauruan: anidenin Naoero) was raised for the first time. The flag, chosen in a local design competition, was adopted on independence day, 31 January 1968. It depicts Nauru's geographical position, one degree south of the Equator. A gold horizontal stripe representing the Equator runs across a blue field for the Pacific Ocean. Nauru itself is symbolized by a white 12-pointed star. Each point represents one of the 12 indigenous tribes on the island.

UseState flag and civil ensign
Adopted31 January 1968
DesignA blue field with the thin yellow narrow horizontal stripe across in the center and the large white twelve-pointed star on the bottom of the stripe and near the hoist-side.

Proportions and symbolism

The flag displays the geographical location of the island nation.

The narrow gold stripe with a width of 124 of the length of the flag represents the Equator.[1] The stripe along with the star signifies the location of the island in the Pacific Ocean just south of the Equator.[2] The separation of the blue flag cloth into two equal parts recalls the saga, that the first inhabitants were to have been brought to Earth from two boulders.

The twelve points on the star represent the island's twelve original tribes.[1] The following twelve tribes are:[3]

  • Eamwit
  • Eamwitmwit
  • Ranibok
  • Irutsi
  • Iruwa
  • Eamwidara
  • Eaoru
  • Emangum
  • Deiboe
  • Eano
  • Emea
  • Iwi

Blue signifies the Pacific Ocean[1] while white, the color of the star, represents the phosphate[2] which was a major natural resource of the island nation.

Creation and adoption

The flag was created by a resident employed by the Australian flag manufacturer Evans. It was officially adopted on 31 January 1968. Unlike some flags of Pacific nations (e.g., that of Tuvalu), Nauru's flag has evoked little controversy.

Historical flags of Nauru

1888–1914When Germany took control of the island in 1888, it was administered under German New Guinea, with the flag of the German New Guinea Company being flown in the island.[2]See: German New Guinea
1919–1948When Nauru was still under the trustee mandate of Australia and the United Kingdom, the Union Jack was flown in the island.[2]See: Union Jack
1942–1945Flag of Nauru under the occupation of the Empire of Japan during World War II.[2]See: Flag of Japan
1948–1968Flag of Nauru used during Trusteeship with Australia and the United Kingdom.[2]See: Australian Red Ensign
1968–Current flag of Nauru adopted on 31 January 1968 following its independence from the trusteeship.[2]


  1. "The Nauruan Flag". Government of the Republic of Nauru. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  2. "Flag of Nauru - A Brief History" (PDF). Flagmakers. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  3. "Tribes of Nauru". Government of the Republic of Nauru. Retrieved 11 January 2018.

See also

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.