Flag of Manchukuo

The flag of the Empire of Manchuria had a mustard yellow field with four horizontal stripes of different colors in the upper-left corner. The colors of the flag were based on the colors on the Five Races Under One Union flags used by the Beiyang government and the Empire of China. The flag was first established in Announcement of National Flag on March 1, 1932.[1]

Name National flag of Manchukuo.
UseCivil and state flag, civil ensign
AdoptedMarch 1, 1932
RelinquishedAugust 17, 1945
Variant flag of Manchukuo
NameManchukuo War Flag and Naval Ensign.
UseWar flag and naval ensign
Variant flag of Manchukuo
NameFlag of the Emperor of Manchukuo.


According to the Document of the Explanation of National Flag issued by state council of Manchukuo on February 24, 1933, the colours on the flag represent the four directions and center.[2] The Study of Manchukuo National Flag published by state council of Manchukuo later also gave an representative based on Wu Xing.[3]

  • Yellow represents the Center, symbolizes the rule of emperor of four directions and virtue of Ren in Confucianism, also Earth in Five Elements.
  • Red represents the South, symbolizes passion and courage, also Fire in Five Elements.
  • Blue represents the East, symbolizes youthfulness and holiness, also Wood in Five Elements.
  • White represents the West, symbolizes purity and justice, also Gold in Five Elements.
  • Black represents the North, symbolizes will and determination, also Water in Five Elements.[4]

The colours also represent the five major peoples in Manchukuo:

Other Manchukuo flags

Coast Guard

Marine Police

Postal flag

Political organization

Boy Scouts of Manchukuo

See also


  1. "満洲國政府公報日譯" 第1号、1932年4月1日、3頁
  2. 对国旗意义的解释文件, State council of Manchukuo, February 24, 1933
  3. 《新国家大満洲》,趙欣伯 著,東京書房,昭和7年
  4. 貴志俊彦著『満洲国のビジュアル・メディア―ポスター・絵はがき・切手』、吉川弘文館 22頁、ISBN 978-4642080361
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