Flag of Devon
The Flag of Devon is the flag of the English county of Devon. It is dedicated to Saint Petroc, a local saint with numerous dedications throughout Devon. It is notable for its creation through two web-based polls.
|Name||Saint Petroc's flag|
|Adopted||October 2006 (by county council)|
|Designed by||Ryan Sealey|
The subject of a Devonian flag was raised by the county's contingent of scouts to the 20th World Scout Jamboree in an interview on BBC Radio Devon in 2002. The scouts were unaware of a Devon flag and wondered if any of the listeners knew of a flag for the county. BBC Radio Devon took up the search for a flag for Devon and asked the public to send in designs.
The Devon Flag is made of three colours — green (Pantone 348), black and white. Although the flag is relatively young, its colours are those traditionally identified with Devon (e.g. the colours of its Rugby Union team, Exeter University and Plymouth Argyle F.C.). Lord Exmouth flew a dark green flag with white circles at the Bombardment of Algiers (now on view at the Teign Valley Museum). The green represents the colour of the rolling and lush Devon hills, the black represents the high and windswept moors (Dartmoor and Exmoor) and the white represents both the salt spray of Devon's two coastlines and the China Clay industry (and mining in general).
In April 2004, Rodney Lock of Ottery St Mary in East Devon was threatened with legal action for flying the Devon flag in his back garden, as he required planning permission to fly non-national flags. Since then the Minister for Housing, Keith Hill, has said local authorities can officially "turn a blind eye" to the practice of flying the county flag from poles.
First flown in 2003 the Devon Regatta Ensign (designed by Kevin Pyne) adds a Union flag into the Canton of the Devon Flag - the flag is described as for use at Regatta, High Days & Holidays, Weddings & Burials at Sea.
Flying the Devon Flag
The Devon Flag Group have suggested the following dates as days when it is appropriate for the Devon flag to be flown. Most of them are either the days of local events or the feast days of Devon's saints. It is also flown outside of these days, especially in rural towns.
- 4 January - St Rumon of Tavistock and Romansleigh
- 7 January - St Brannock of Braunton
- 5 March - St Piran, patron saint of tin miners
- 12 March - Paul Aurelian, brother of St Sidwell
- 7 April - St Brannock, as celebrated in Exeter
- May Bank Holiday, Anniversary of first time Devon Flag Flown at World Gig Championship 2003, Isles of Scilly
- May/June - Devon County Show
- 3 June - St Kevin
- 4 June - St Petroc
- 5 June - St Boniface of Crediton, Patron Saint of Devon
- 6 June - St Gudwal, hermit of Devon
- 17 June - St Nectan, patron of Hartland
- 21/22 June - Midsummers day
- 26 June - St Brannock - another feast day
- 5 July - Exeter Lammas Fair
- 8 July - St Urith of Chittlehampton
- 13 July - St Juthware
- 30 July - Anniversary of battle against Spanish Armada
- 1 August - St Sidwell, virgin of Exeter
- 10 August - St Geraint Last King of Dumnonia
- 30 August - St Rumon
- 26 September - Anniversary of Sir Francis Drake's Circumnavigation of the World
- 2 November - St Cumgar
- 5 November - St Kea
- 7 November - St Congar
- 8 December - St Budoc (St Budeaux) of Plymouth
- 12 December - St Corentin
- 16 December - Saint Judicael, King of Domnonée
- 21/22 December - Midwinter
- 31 Dec to 6 Jan - New Year's Eve to Twelfth Night
The creation of the flag drew criticism from Cornish nationalists, who accused it online of being an attempt to "hijack" their culture.
Bob Burns, who started the discussion over a flag for Devon, cited the visibility of the Cornish Flag as one of his reasons "Devonians are only too aware of the ubiquitous Cornish Flag, which can often be seen in the form of car bumper stickers, on vehicles entering Devon from Cornwall."
Dr Mark Stoyle, a Devon historian, noted that "People are quite aware in Devon that the Cornish make political capital by claiming to be different." He also suggested that the new-found sense of Devonian identity was a backlash against incoming "city-dwellers settling in the South West".
The decision to dedicate the flag to St Petroc was not without controversy as the saint is equally popular in neighbouring Cornwall, but it was decided that as Devon's 27 church dedications to Saint Petroc far outweighs the 6 dedications in Cornwall, and furthermore that the Devon villages named after the Saint, such as Petrockstowe and Newton St Petroc, gave the county a strong claim to the saint, as Cornwall had already selected Saint Piran as their patron saint many years previously.
- The Flag Institute
- "Devon, England". Flags of the world. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Flag celebrates Devon's heritage". BBC Devon website. January 2005. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Devon Flag Group". Devon County Council website. Archived from the original on 6 January 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "Devon Flag". Devon County Council website. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "Council's told they can "turn a blind eye" to flag flying". BBC Devon website. December 2004. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "When to fly the flag". Devon County Council website. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- "New Flag Causes A Flap in South West". BBC Devon website. Retrieved 13 September 2008.