First Nations in New Brunswick

The First Nations of New Brunswick, Canada number more than 10,000, mostly Mi'kmaq and Maliseet.[1] Although the Passamaquoddy maintain a land claim at St. Andrews, New Brunswick and historically occurred in New Brunswick, they have no reserves in the province, and have no official status in Canada.

List of First Nations

New Brunswick is home to 15 First Nations.[2]

First Nation Group Population (on reserve) Population (off reserve)
Buctouche BandMi'kmaq8527
Burnt Church BandMi'kmaq1,238468
Eel Ground First NationMi'kmaq542420
Eel River Bar BandMi'kmaq350383
Elsipogtog First NationMi'kmaq2,383709
Fort Folly BandMi'kmaq3488
Indian Island BandMi'kmaq10172
Kingsclear First NationMaliseet692289
Madawaska Maliseet First NationMaliseet144168
Metepenagiag Mi'kmaq NationMi'kmaq410190
Oromocto BandMaliseet295328
Pabineau BandMi'kmaq100168
Saint Mary's BandMaliseet806864
Tobique BandMaliseet1,446684
Woodstock BandMaliseet284641

List of Indian reserves

New Brunswick is home to 28 Indian reserves,[3] of which 18 are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada.[4]


  1. 500 nations. "New Brunswick First Nations". Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  2. Atlantic Region Aboriginal Communities Map - Indian and Northern Affairs Canada "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2012-04-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Last accessed 27 July 2012
  3. "List of Reserves/Settlements/Villages (New Brunswick)". Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. June 28, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  4. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (New Brunswick)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
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