First Cabinet of Napoleon I

The First Cabinet of Napoleon I was appointed by the Emperor Napoleon I upon the establishment of the First French Empire on 18 May 1804, replacing the Cabinet of the Consulate. It was succeeded by the French Provisional Government of 1814 following the downfall of Napoleon and the abolition of the Empire.

Ministers of Napoleon
cabinet of France
Date formed18 May 1804
Date dissolved1 April 1814
People and organisations
Head of stateNapoleon
Head of governmentNapoleon
History
PredecessorCabinet of the French Consulate
SuccessorProvisional Government of 1814

Formation

At the session of the Tribunat on 3 Floréal year XII (23 April 1804) Jean-François Curée proposed that Napoleon, then First Consul, be declared hereditary Emperor of France.[1] The motion was supported by several members of the Tribunat, with only Lazare Carnot speaking against it.[2] At a session of the Senate on 28 Floréal year XII (18 May 1804) attended by Consul Charles-François Lebrun and all the ministers a motion was adopted in which Napoleon was declared hereditary Emperor of the French.[1] The formal coronation ceremony was delayed until 11 Frimaire year XIII (2 December 1804), when Pope Pius VII attended and Napoleon crowned himself in the Notre Dame de Paris.[3]

Ministers

Napoleon retained the ministers from the Consulate, but made various changes during his reign. He did not appoint a prime minister, but headed the government himself.[3] The ministers were:

MinistryFromToMinister
Secretary of State18 May 180417 April 1811Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano
17 April 181120 November 1813Pierre Daru[3]
20 November 18131 April 1814Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano[3]
Foreign Affairs18 May 18049 August 1807Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
9 August 180717 April 1811Jean-Baptiste de Nompère de Champagny[3]
17 April 181120 November 1813Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano[3]
20 November 18131 April 1814Armand Augustin Louis de Caulaincourt[3]
Interior18 May 18048 August 1804Jean-Antoine Chaptal
8 August 18049 August 1807Jean-Baptiste de Nompère de Champagny[3]
9 August 180729 June 1809Emmanuel Crétet[3]
29 June 18091 October 1809Joseph Fouché (?)
1 October 18091 April 1814Jean-Pierre de Montalivet[3]
Justice18 May 180413 June 1813Claude Ambroise Régnier
20 November 18131 April 1814Mathieu Molé[3]
War18 May 18049 August 1807Louis-Alexandre Berthier
9 August 180720 November 1813Henri Jacques Guillaume Clarke[3]
20 November 18131 April 1814Pierre Daru[3]
War Administration18 May 18043 January 1810Jean François Aimé Dejean
3 January 181020 November 1813Jean-Girard Lacuée[3]
20 November 18131 April 1814Pierre Daru[3]
Finance18 May 18041 April 1814Martin Michel Charles Gaudin
Treasury18 May 180427 January 1806François Barbé-Marbois
27 January 18061 April 1814Nicolas François, Count Mollien[3]
Navy and Colonies18 May 18041 April 1814Denis Decrès
Police10 July 18043 June 1810Joseph Fouché[3]
3 June 18101 April 1814Anne Jean Marie René Savary[3]
Religious affairs10 July 18044 January 1808Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis[3]
4 January 18081 April 1814Félix-Julien-Jean Bigot de Préameneu[3]
Manufacturing and Commerce16 January 18121 April 1814Jean-Baptiste Collin de Sussy[3]

Replacement

In March 1814 the allied armies invaded France, and arrived at the walls of Paris on 29 March 1814. After a short struggle on 30 March 1814 against overwhelmingly superior forces, on 31 March 1814 Marshal Marmont signed the capitulation of Paris.[4] A provisional government was formed on 1 April 1814 under the presidency of Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord.[4]

References

Citations

  1. Muel 1891, p. 67.
  2. Muel 1891, p. 68.
  3. Muel 1891, p. 73.
  4. Muel 1891, p. 75.

Sources

  • Muel, Léon (1891). Gouvernements, ministères et constitutions de la France depuis cent ans: Précis historique des révolutions, des crises ministérielles et gouvernementales, et des changements de constitutions de la France depuis 1789 jusqu'en 1890 ... Marchal et Billard. Retrieved 2014-04-22.
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