Fiat RS.14

The Fiat RS.14 was an Italian long-range maritime strategic reconnaissance floatplane. The RS.14 was a four/five seat all-metal cantilever low/mid-wing monoplane powered by two wing-mounted 626 kW (840 hp) Fiat A.74 R.C.38 engines. It had a conventional cantilever tail unit with a single fin and rudder. Its undercarriage consisted of two large floats on struts. It had a glazed nose for an observer or bomb aimer. The pilot and copilot sat side by side with a wireless operator's compartment behind them. In the bombing role the RS.14 was fitted with a long ventral gondola to carry various combinations of anti-submarine bombs (up to 400 kg/882 lb).

RS.14
Role Long-range maritime reconnaissance floatplane
Manufacturer Fiat
Designer Manlio Stiavelli
First flight May 1939
Introduction May 1941
Retired 1948[1]
Primary users Regia Aeronautica
Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force
Produced May 1941 - September 1943
Number built 186 (includes 2 prototypes) [2]

Development

The RS.14 was designed by Manlio Stiavelli at the CMASA works at Marina di Pisa. The first of two prototypes flew in May 1939.

A prototype landplane version AS.14 was built and first flown on 11 August 1943. It was designed as a ground-attack aircraft and intended to be armed with a 37 mm (1.46 in) cannon and 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine guns. It was not ordered and no others were built.

Operational history

The RS.14 went into service with the Italian Air Force with a number of maritime strategic reconnaissance squadrons at bases around the Italian coast and also in Sicily and Sardinia. They were used for convoy escort duties and anti-submarine patrols. After the 1943 Armistice a few survivors were operated by the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force. At the end of the war the aircraft were used for liaison duties around the Mediterranean carrying up to four passengers.

Variants

RS.14
Production floatplane with 626 kW (840 hp) Fiat A.74 R.C.38 engines, 188 built including two prototypes.
AS.14
Landplane version with retractable landing gear, one built.

Operators

 Kingdom of Italy
 Italy

Specifications

Data from Donald, 1997, pg 413.

General characteristics

  • Crew: three
  • Length: 14.1 m (46 ft 3.25 in)
  • Wingspan: 19.54 m (64 ft 1.25 in)
  • Height: 5.63 m (18 ft 5.75 in)
  • Wing area: 50 m2 (538.21 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 5,470 kg (12,059 lb)
  • Gross weight: 8,470 kg (18,673 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Fiat A.74 R.C.38 14-cylinder radial piston, 626 kW (840 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 390 km/h (242 mph)
  • Range: 2,500 km (1,553 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 6,300 m (20,670 ft)

Armament

  • 1 × 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine gun
  • 2 × 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine guns
  • up to 400 kg (882 lb) of bombs

See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

Notes

  1. aeriflight
  2. Fiat RS.14
  3. "Birth of Aeronautica Militare" Aeronautica Militare. Retrieved 13 July 2016

References

  • Donald, David, ed. (1997). The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Prospero Books. ISBN 1-85605-375-X. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Mondey, David (1984), The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II, Chancellor Press, ISBN 1-85152-966-7
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985, Orbis Publishing, Page 1812
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.