Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935

The Fiat–Revelli 35 was an Italian machine gun, a modified version of the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914, which had equipped the Italian Army of World War I.[2]

Mitragliatrice Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935
A Fiat-Revelli 35, mounted on its tripod.
TypeHeavy machine gun
Place of originKingdom of Italy
Service history
In service1937–1945
Used byItaly
WarsSpanish Civil War[1]
World War II
Production history
ManufacturerSocietà Metallurgica Bresciana
Mass17 kg gun + 23 kg tripod
Length1250 mm
Barrel length654 mm

Cartridge8x59mm RB Breda
Rate of fire600 round/min
Muzzle velocity750 m/s (2,460 ft/s)
Effective firing range1000 m
Feed systemBelt feed


The gun has an overall length of 1700 mm, including its 650 mm barrel. Unloaded, the gun weighs 17 kg, while the tripod weighed 23 kg. Like the Modello 1914, the Modello 35 is a complete weapon system made up of the machine gun unit, the tripod mounting assembly and ammunition supply, and therefore required a multi-person crew to operate.[3]

The Modello 1914 had seen widespread use during the World War I, but its flaws (excessive weight, water-cooling and its use of the underpowered 6.5x52mm Carcano) became more and more apparent as time passed; while the Italian Army was beginning to develop the new Breda M37, it was seen convenient to modernize the many Modello 1914s still existent. The Modello 35 opted for a more conventional belt feed, air-cooling, rechambering for the 8x59mm RB Breda and, after an unsuccessful attempt, discarding an oil pump to lubricate the bullets as on the Breda 30 light machine gun (but some sources claim that, as the Modello 1914, this weapon still featured this troublesome design, which is not mentioned in any of the technical manuals).[4] Also, the machine gun was prone to the cook-off of the chambered rounds during the pauses of firing.[5]

The rechambering to the 8mm calibre and the adoption of a belt feed succeeded in improving both the stopping power and the rate of fire of the machine-gun; however, it reportedly suffered from jammings rather often.

See also

Notes and references

  1. Esdaile, Charles J. (2018-10-10). The Spanish Civil War: A Military History. ISBN 9780429859298.
  2. "Fiat-Revelli M1914 M1935". 2010-10-27.
  3. Nathan Block. "FIAT-Revelli Modello 1935 Heavy Machine Gun (1935)". Military Factory. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
  4. "Mitragliatrice Fiat Mod. 35". Regio Esercito. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  5. The Italian Army 1940-45 (1): Europe 1940-43 By Philip S. Jowett, p. 13
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