Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914

The Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914 was an Italian water-cooled medium machine gun produced from 1914 to 1918. It was the standard machine-gun of the Italian Army in World War I, and was used in limited numbers into World War II.[2]

Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914
TypeMedium machine gun
Place of originItaly
Service history
In service1914–1945
Used byItaly, Austria-Hungary
WarsWorld War I
Vlora War
Second Italo-Abyssinian War
Spanish Civil War[1]
World War II
Production history
DesignerAbiel Revelli
ManufacturerFiat
Produced1914-1918
No. built~47,500
Specifications
Mass17 kg gun (without water) + 22.4 kg tripod
Length1180 mm
Barrel length654 mm

Cartridge6.5×52mm Carcano
Actionblowback
Rate of fire400–500 rpm
Muzzle velocity800 metres per second (2,600 ft/s)
Feed system50-round or 100-round "strip-feed box" magazine
SightsIron

Overview

It was very similar to the Maxim in appearance (in fact it had the same air-cooling jacket and tripod), even though its internal workings were completely different.

Some sources claim that it had a cartridge-oiling system, but the weapon manual does not mention its presence, and it seems that only a 1930 version briefly incorporated such a system.[3] It was fed from a 50-round or 100-round magazine referred to as a "strip-feed box" which was divided into in ten or twenty compartments, each fed from a rifle clip, an arrangement that made it rather slow to reload, prone to malfunction and very uncomfortable in sustained-fire role because of this magazine arrangement.

It was chambered for the 6.5×52mm Carcano, which eased logistics (as it was the same cartridge of the Carcano rifle, though it could not be loaded using the 6-round en-bloc clips issued for rifles) but made it somewhat underpowered compared to higher-calibre weapons, weighed 17 kg (37 lb) (the tripod weighed 21.5 kg (47 lb)) and had a firing rate of 400-500 rpm (rounds-per-minute), rather low for this type of machine gun.[4]

One feature was the presence of select-fire, which allowed for the choice between single shot, "normal" fire and full automatic fire.

It was developed into the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935.

References

  1. Esdaile, Charles J. (10 October 2018). The Spanish Civil War: A Military History. ISBN 9780429859298.
  2. Popenker 2015
  3. Segal 2012
  4. Big set N°20 Armi della fanteria (infantry weapons) by John Weeks

Sources

Further reading


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