Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914
The Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914 was an Italian water-cooled medium machine gun produced from 1914 to 1918. It was the standard machine-gun of the Italian Army in World War I, and was used in limited numbers into World War II.
|Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914|
|Type||Medium machine gun|
|Place of origin||Italy|
|Used by||Italy, Austria-Hungary|
|Wars||World War I|
Second Italo-Abyssinian War
Spanish Civil War
World War II
|Mass||17 kg gun (without water) + 22.4 kg tripod|
|Barrel length||654 mm|
|Rate of fire||400–500 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||800 metres per second (2,600 ft/s)|
|Feed system||50-round or 100-round "strip-feed box" magazine|
It was very similar to the Maxim in appearance (in fact it had the same air-cooling jacket and tripod), even though its internal workings were completely different.
Some sources claim that it had a cartridge-oiling system, but the weapon manual does not mention its presence, and it seems that only a 1930 version briefly incorporated such a system. It was fed from a 50-round or 100-round magazine referred to as a "strip-feed box" which was divided into in ten or twenty compartments, each fed from a rifle clip, an arrangement that made it rather slow to reload, prone to malfunction and very uncomfortable in sustained-fire role because of this magazine arrangement.
It was chambered for the 6.5×52mm Carcano, which eased logistics (as it was the same cartridge of the Carcano rifle, though it could not be loaded using the 6-round en-bloc clips issued for rifles) but made it somewhat underpowered compared to higher-calibre weapons, weighed 17 kg (37 lb) (the tripod weighed 21.5 kg (47 lb)) and had a firing rate of 400-500 rpm (rounds-per-minute), rather low for this type of machine gun.
One feature was the presence of select-fire, which allowed for the choice between single shot, "normal" fire and full automatic fire.
It was developed into the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935.
- Popenker, Maxim (2015). "Modern Firearms: FIAT-Revelli M1914 and M1914/35 machine gun (Italy)". World Guns.
- Segal, Robert G. (10 January 2012). "FIAT Revelli Modello 1914". Small Arms Defense Journal. 3 (2).