Federico Lacroze (4 November 1835 – 16 February 1899) was an Argentine businessman and railway entrepreneur of French descent. He created the first tram line in Buenos Aires and his Buenos Aires Central Railway helped link the provinces of Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Misiones by rail to Argentina's capital. Lacroze is buried in La Recoleta Cemetery, Buenos Aires.
Portrait of Lacroze, late 1800s
|Died||February 16, 1899 63) (aged|
|Known for||Railway pioneer and founder of the Buenos Aires Central Railway|
Federico Lacroze was the second of eight children born to Juan Lacroze, who had immigrated at a young age to Argentina. He began working from a young age at the Mallmann bank until he was 20 years of age when he moved to Chivilcoy, where he started a business with activities in agriculture.
His relationship with the railway industry began in 1866 when he proposed constructing a railway line between Luján and Salto. The proposal was turned down given budgetary constraints as a result of the war of the triple alliance.
By the 1870s, Lacroze (together with other Argentine businessmen) proposed the construction of a tram system in the city of Buenos Aires. After some debate in the Argentine National Congress, the proposal was approved and Lacroze began the construction of Buenos Aires' tramways together with his brother Julio.
During this time he also created what was at the time the longest horse-driven railway in the world, from Buenos Aires to Rojas. Parts of this line were then electrified and joined with the province of Entre Ríos to create what is today the General Urquiza Railway. In the neighbourhood of Chacarita he created an underground station which he intended to be the central terminal for his Buenos Aires Central Railway, however this would eventually become a station for Line B of the Buenos Aires Underground and the railway station that serves the Urquiza Line and General Urquiza Railway was moved above ground.
Tramway Rural gallery
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tramway Rural.|
- Bernades, Alberto (2001). "Apuntes para una biografía de Federico Lacroze". Historias de la ciudad (12). ISSN 1514-8793.
- Zigiotto, Diego M. (2009). Las mil y una curiosidades del Cementerio de la Recoleta. Buenos Aires: Grupo Editorial Norma. pp. 311–312. ISBN 978-987-545-539-9.
- Primer Subterraneo de Buenos Aires Historia de su Construcción - Historia y Biografias
- ¿QUIEN FUE FEDERICO LACROZE? (1835-1899) - La Chacrita Online