In motorsport, the fastest lap is the quickest lap run during a race. Some racing series, like Formula One, Formula 2 and Formula E award championship points for a driver and/or team that set the fastest lap.
In Formula One, 132 different drivers have made fastest race laps. German driver Michael Schumacher has achieved the highest number of fastest laps with 77. He is followed by Finnish driver Kimi Räikkönen and English driver Lewis Hamilton with 46. Since 2007, an award is given to the driver with the most fastest laps in a season. Until 1960, and since 2019, an extra point is given to anyone in the points who records a fastest lap.
Fastest laps are often set during the final laps of a race. Lap times often decrease as tracks get "rubbered in" and fuel weights go down as a race progresses.
Setting the fastest lap is often considered an unofficial consolation prize for a driver that has had an incident that precluded a podium finish.
Formula 1 performance hybrid racecar
In recent studies the LeMans endurance project has been reconfiguring Formula 1 racecars and making them faster by reconfiguring powertrain configurations. These powertrain reconfigurations have drastically been able to cut the time of the fastest lap achieveable by Formula 1 racecars. This team also studied the capabilities of Formula 1 racecars and studied how to improve the performance of the cars. Ultimately they designed a powertrain configuration that cut the fastest lap time achievable by a standard Formula 1 racecar by over 20 seconds.
Formula 1 aerodynamics studies
A researcher at Durham University studied the aerodynamic effects on Formula 1 racecars and how to make them more efficient and ultimately faster. A Formula 1 racecar's lap time advantage is the result of the cornering performance of the vehicle. If the tires can have more grip there would be more friction and less slippage which would decrease the time it takes to complete a lap. Also if the powertrain had more power and if the car experienced less drag then it could achieve a faster lap time.
Grand Prix motorcycle racing
In Grand Prix motorcycle racing, which includes the 80cc, 125cc, 250cc, 350cc, 500cc, Moto3, Moto2 and MotoGP classes, Giacomo Agostini holds the record for the most fastest laps with 117. Valentino Rossi, who still actively races in MotoGP, is second with 96 fastest laps and Ángel Nieto is third with 81.
Top ten riders in Grand Prix motorcycle racing with the most fastest laps
- As of 17 November 2019
|Bold||Rider still competing in Grand Prix motorcycle racing as of the 2019 season|
Autocross is a competition normally conducted by a single vehicle and driver on an open paved surface where the driver races against the clock while trying to achieve the fastest lap possible. In autocross drivers can learn how to achieve a faster lap through studying data of their vehicles. This data can be collected by many various systems and analyzed to produce faster more aerodynamic vehicles.
- "DHL to sponsor Formula 1's fastest laps trophy". Brand Republic. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
- [www.emeraldinsight.com/ 0332-1649.htm "InMotion hybrid racecar: F1 performance with LeMans endurance"] Check
|url=value (help). Retrieved 12 November 2019.
- NEWBON, JOSHUA (2017). Aerodynamic Effects of the Salient Flow Features in Grand Prix Car Wakes (Doctoral thesis). Durham University.
- "Statistics". MotoGP.com. Retrieved 17 November 2019. Select Riders' race fastest laps, all seasons, all classes, all countries, all tracks.
- "Motorsport performance analysis: A spatio-temporal approach - ProQuest". search.proquest.com. Retrieved 2019-12-04.