Fantasia (performance)

Fantasia or Tbourida (Arabic: تبوردة) is a traditional exhibition of horsemanship in the Maghreb performed during cultural festivals and for Maghrebi wedding celebrations.[1][2] It is present in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Mali, Niger, and Mauritania.[3][2][4]

The performance consists of a group of horse riders, all wearing traditional clothes, who charge along a straight path at the same speed so as to form a line, and then at the end of the charge (about two hundred meters) fire into the sky using old muskets or muzzle-loading rifles. The difficulty of the performance is in synchronizing the movement of the horses during acceleration of the charge, and especially in firing the guns simultaneously so that one single shot is heard.[2] The horses were bred from the Arabian and Barb breeds or a mixture of the two.[5]

The fantasia is considered a cultural performance and a kind of martial art;[6] it also symbolizes a strong relationship between the man (or woman) and the horse, as well as an attachment to tradition.[7]

In Morocco, fantasia performances usually take place during local seasonal, cultural or religious festivals, also called moussem ("saint's day festival" in Arabic). One such example is the chellalate Moussem and the Cherry Festival in Sefrou. Chez Ali, a show-based restaurant in Marrakesh offer a fantasia as part of the entertainment.

History of the Performance

Tbourida comes from the cavalry charge performed by an army's vanguard in battle. It was also used in cavalry raiding and celebrations.[7]

Name

The traditional term taburida, also written t'bourida, is derived from the Arabic word baroud, meaning gunpowder.[2] Fantasia is an Orientalist name from the French[2]. The Arabic term mawsam, meaning season, is also used in Morocco.

Fantasia in art

Some French, Sri Lankan and other Western artists have done oil paintings of the fantasia, including Edmon Vales,[8] Eugène Delacroix,[4][9][10] Étienne Dinet, Théo van Rysselberghe, Amiru K and Eugène Fromentin.

Moroccan artists such as Hassan El Glaoui have prolifically produced artwork featuring Moroccan riders and horses.[5][11]

Tbourida in Moroccan sports

Moroccan troupes compete annually for the Hassan II National Tbourida Trophy during the Week of the Horse at the Royal Moroccan Equestrian Federation in Rabat, Morocco. They qualify for the finals through regionally organized competitions through the Federation and SOREC.

References

  1. Steet, Linda (2000). Veils and Daggers: A Century of National Geographic's Representation of the Arab World. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. p. 141.
  2. Talley, Gwyneth (2017). Tbourida: Performing Traditional Equestrianism as Heritage Tourism in Morocco. New York: Springer. pp. 219–240.
  3. Lorenzo, Annie (1988). Cheval et tradition en Afrique du nord. Lausanne: Caracole.
  4. Sedrati, Azeddine; Tavernier, Roger; Wallet, Bernard (1997). L'art de la Fantasia. Casablanca: Plume.
  5. Préaudau, Philippe Babier de (1990). Maroc: Les chevaux du Royaume. Panayrac: Daniel Briand.
  6. Arabies (114-120 ed.). Arabies. 1996. p. 65.
  7. Gwyneth Talley (2017). ""Gunpowder Women: A Generation Galloping Past the Mudawana"". player.fm (Podcast). Tangier American Legation. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  8. "Fantasia au Maroc". artnet.com.
  9. Prideaux, Tom (1966). The World of Delacroix 1798-1863. New York: Time Incorporated.
  10. Olmsted, Jennifer W (2009). "The Sultan's Authority: Delacroix, Painting, and Politics at the Alson of 1845". Art Bulletin XCI. 1: 83–106.
  11. "Moroccan Master Hassan El Glaoui Remembered by his Daughter Touria, Founder of 1-54 Contemporary African Art Fair". Sotheby's. 22 February 2019. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
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