Falsettos is a musical with a book by William Finn and James Lapine, and music and lyrics by Finn. The musical consists of March of the Falsettos and Falsettoland, the last two installments in one trio of one-act Off-Broadway musicals (the first was In Trousers). The story involves Marvin, his ex-wife Trina, his psychiatrist Mendel, his son Jason, his lover Whizzer Brown, and his neighbors Cordelia and Dr. Charlotte. The musical premiered on Broadway in 1992 and was nominated for seven Tony Awards, of which it won Best Book of a Musical and Best Original Score. It was revived on Broadway in 2016, and the revival performance was nominated for five Tony Awards including Best Revival of a Musical.

Original Logo
MusicWilliam Finn
LyricsWilliam Finn
BookWilliam Finn
James Lapine
Productions1992 Broadway
1993 U.S. Tour
2016 Broadway revival
2019 U.S. Tour
2019 Off-West End
AwardsTony Award for Best Book of a Musical
Tony Award for Best Original Score



In Trousers, created by William Finn, was produced twice in 1979 at Off-Broadway's Playwrights Horizons, opening on February 21 and again on December 8. It was also produced Off-Broadway at the Second Stage Theatre in March 1981. Finally, in 1985, a pointedly reworked version with a more unified storyline opened on March 26 at the Off-Broadway Promenade Theatre, where it ran for 16 performances.

Collaborating with James Lapine, Finn created two additional one-acts, March of the Falsettos and Falsettoland, exploring the lives of Marvin and his family and friends, which became the Marvin trilogy.

March of the Falsettos premiered Off-Broadway at Playwrights Horizons on May 20, 1981 and closed on September 26, 1981. It moved to the Westside Theatre on October 13, 1981 and closed on January 31, 1982. It opened in Los Angeles at the Huntington Hartford Theater on April 21, 1982 and closed on July 2, 1982. Finally, it premiered at the intimate Library Theatre in Manchester, UK in 1987.

Falsettoland opened Off-Broadway at Playwrights Horizons on June 28, 1990 and closed on August 12, 1990. The musical moved to the Lucille Lortel Theatre on September 25, 1990 and closed on January 27, 1991.

These two one acts were eventually put together for what is titled Falsettos, the two-act musical.

Original Broadway production

Falsettos opened on Broadway at the John Golden Theatre on April 29, 1992, and closed on June 27, 1993, after 486 performances and 23 previews. The musical was first presented Off-Broadway as two separate shows: March of the Falsettos (1981)[1] and Falsettoland (1990).[2]

Directed by James Lapine, the cast included Michael Rupert as Marvin, Stephen Bogardus as Whizzer, Barbara Walsh as Trina, Chip Zien as Mendel (who played Marvin in the previous installment, In Trousers), Jonathan Kaplan as Jason, Heather MacRae as Charlotte, and Carolee Carmello as Cordelia. Rupert, Bogardus, and Zien reprised their roles from the original Off-Broadway productions of March of the Falsettos and Falsettoland, MacRae reprised her role from Falsettoland, and Walsh reprised her role from the Hartford Stage regional production. Scenic design was by Douglas Stein, costume design by Ann Hould-Ward, and lighting design by Frances Aronson.[3][4]

Australian production

In 1994, Sydney Theatre Company presented an Australian production directed by Wayne Harrison and featuring John O'May as Marvin, Gina Riley as Trina, Tony Sheldon as Mendel, and Simon Burke as Whizzer. After playing at the Sydney Opera House's Drama Theatre from 12 January to 5 March 1994, the production toured Victoria, Hobart and Canberra.[5][6]

In 2014 Darlinghurst Theatre Company presented a revival directed by Stephen Colyer.[7] The cast featured Tamlyn Henderson as Marvin, Katrina Retallick as Trina, Stephen Anderson as Mendel, Ben Hall as Whizzer, Elise McCann as Cordelia and Margi de Ferranti as Charlotte. The production played as part of the Sydney Mardi Gras festival throughout February and March 2014.

2016 Broadway revival

On February 5, 2015, producer Jordan Roth announced that he would revive the show under the direction of James Lapine. It was then scheduled to open in the spring of 2016.[8] On September 3, 2015, it was announced that the revival would take place in the 2016–2017 season.[9]

The production opened on Broadway at the Walter Kerr Theatre on September 29, 2016, in previews and officially on October 27, directed by Lapine.[10] Christian Borle, Andrew Rannells, Stephanie J. Block and Brandon Uranowitz play Marvin, Whizzer, Trina, and Mendel respectively.[11] Other cast includes Tracie Thoms as Dr. Charlotte, Betsy Wolfe as Cordelia, and Anthony Rosenthal as Jason.[12] The production closed on January 8, 2017.[13] Two performances were filmed on January 3 and 4, 2017, to be repackaged into a presentation for the PBS television program Live from Lincoln Center series, which aired on October 27, 2017.[14][15][16]

2019 National tour

A North American tour of the 2016 Lincoln Center Theatre revival launched in February 2019 under the direction of James Lapine and ended in late June 2019. Eden Espinosa stars as Trina alongside Max von Essen as Marvin and Nick Adams as Whizzer. The tour played in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Dallas and other cities. The tour ended after performing in Chicago. [17][18]

2019 Off-West End

On April 15, 2019, Selladoor Worldwide announced that they would produce the European premiere of Falsettos at The Other Palace in London's Off-West End for a strictly limited run.[19]

The show opened for previews on August 30, 2019, before officially opening on September 5.[20] The original cast featured Natasha J Barnes as Cordelia, Daniel Boys as Marvin, Matt Cardle as Mendel, Gemma Knight-Jones as Charlotte, Laura Pitt-Pulford as Trina, Oliver Savile as Whizzer,[21] and Albert Atack, George Kennedy, Elliot Morris and James Williams sharing the role of Jason. However, on August 13, 2019, before the show's opening, it was announced that Cardle would withdraw from the role of Mendel due to scheduling conflicts, and be replaced in the role by Joel Montague for the whole run.[22] The show closed on November 23, 2019.

Before the show opened, it was embroiled in controversy after a group of more than 20 Jewish actors and playwrights, including Miriam Margolyes and Maureen Lipman, signed an open letter to the producers, concerned about the lack of Jewish prescence within the cast and creatives.[23] Despite this, the show opened to mostly positive reviews[20], with critics praising the cast, story and music, but aiming criticism at the set design.


Act I: March of the Falsettos

In 1979 in New York City, Marvin, his ten-year-old son Jason, his psychiatrist Mendel, and his boyfriend Whizzer are in the midst of an argument. ("Four Jews In A Room Bitching") Marvin steps forward to explain his situation: He has left his wife Trina for Whizzer, but Marvin attempts to forge a new family situation with the addition of Whizzer, a situation with which no one is happy. ("A Tight-Knit Family")

At Marvin's suggestion, Trina visits Mendel and explains she is having trouble accepting the end of her marriage and her failure to be a perfect wife. Mendel, instantly attracted to her, tries to reassure her that she is not to blame. ("Love is Blind")

Marvin and Whizzer comment on their relationship. They have very little in common but are intensely attracted to each other. Both worry that their feelings for one another are waning. ("The Thrill of First Love")

Whizzer presents an interlude. ("Marvin at the Psychiatrist, a Three-Part Mini-Opera") In the first part, Mendel asks Marvin about his relationship with Whizzer, and Marvin discusses his love for and his frustration with his partner. In the second part, Mendel, who is obviously aroused by Marvin's ex-wife, mentions Trina to Marvin. This results in him interrogating Marvin about her bedroom habits. In the third part, Marvin and Jason provide counterpoint on the distance in their relationship.

Jason is very worried that because of Marvin's sexuality, he will turn out to be gay too. He has become moody and withdrawn. ("'My Father's a Homo'") Trina and Marvin decide the best way to deal with Jason's mood swings is to have him start therapy, and they both suggest he see Mendel. His parents are surprised when Jason demands advice from Whizzer before he will agree to see Mendel. ("Everyone tells Jason to see a Psychiatrist")

Marvin and Whizzer fight over Whizzer's lack of enthusiasm for monogamy and Marvin's attempt to give him the role of a homemaker. Meanwhile, Trina complains to Mendel how her role in the family is shrinking, as Whizzer becomes increasingly prominent in Marvin and Jason's lives, and everyone lashes out at Marvin. ("This Had Better Come To A Stop")

Despite her attempts to maintain a sense of normalcy, Trina is becoming increasingly out of control. ("I'm Breaking Down") Jason continues to misbehave, and Trina phones Mendel frantically for dinner and therapy. ("Please Come To Our House") Mendel arrives and immediately charms Trina. He and Jason settle have a therapy session. Jason frets about his future. Mendel, in a very roundabout way, encourages him to relax and enjoy life. ("Jason's Therapy") After several such dinners combined with psychiatric sessions, Jason asks Mendel what his intentions are towards Trina. Mendel clumsily proposes, and Trina accepts. ("A Marriage Proposal") Marvin is furious that he is losing his family as well as his therapist. ("A Tight-Knit Family (Reprise)")

Trina reflects on her situation. She is tired of the man's world she lives in, and even though she knows that Mendel is the same kind of man Marvin is, childish and neurotic, he loves her and she needs to feel wanted. In contrast, the four men sing a hymn to all varieties of masculinity, with the three adults singing in falsetto to match Jason's unbroken voice ("March of the Falsettos").

Marvin tries to teach Whizzer how to play chess, but bitterness and ill-feeling boil over ("The Chess Game"). They fight and break up. Meanwhile, Trina and Mendel move in together ("Making a Home"). As he packs, Whizzer reflects on his life and relationship with Marvin ("The Games I Play")

After receiving Mendel and Trina's marriage announcement, Marvin confronts Trina and incoherently accuses her of ruining their family, finally breaking down in rage and slapping her ("Marvin Hits Trina"). Shocked by his actions, everyone confesses that they never intended to feel so deeply about the people in their lives, and accept the pain that love can bring ("I Never Wanted To Love You").

Marvin is finished with Whizzer and his relationship with Trina is in tatters, but Marvin can still salvage his relationship with Jason, who has just discovered his love for girls to his immense relief. Marvin sits Jason down for a talk and tells him that he loves him, and no matter what kind of man Jason turns out to be, Marvin will always be there for him ("Father to Son") .

Act II: Falsettoland

Mendel shines a flashlight into the audience on a dark stage, welcoming us to "Falsettoland," the story's conclusion. It is 1981, two years later. Nancy Reagan is in the White House, and the cast has been enlarged by two: Marvin's lesbian neighbors Dr. Charlotte, an internist, and Cordelia, a non-Jewish caterer specializing in Jewish cuisine. Marvin observes that it's ("About Time") to grow up and get over himself. He has managed to maintain his relationship with Jason and now shares split custody with Trina, who has married Mendel. He has not seen Whizzer for two years and has not gotten over him.

One day, when she arrives at Marvin's home to take custody of Jason for the week, Trina informs Marvin that it is time to start planning Jason's Bar Mitzvah, probably the last pleasant thing the ex-couple will do together. The pair immediately start bickering to Jason's dismay and Mendel's amusement. Mendel encourages them to have a simple party and to relax about it, but Marvin and Trina (and Cordelia, the caterer) will have none of it, intent on throwing a party to be remembered ("The Year of the Child").

The scene moves to Jason's Little League Baseball game. While at bat, Jason has a lot more on his mind than the game - he is trying to decide which girls to invite to his bar mitzvah: the girls he should invite, or the girls he wants to invite ("The Miracle of Judaism"). Everyone is attending the game and watching Jewish boys play very badly and getting a little too involved, when Whizzer suddenly arrives; Jason had asked him to come, to Marvin's shock and Trina's unpleasant surprise. Whizzer gives Jason some well-needed batting advice and he and Marvin reflect on how much they miss being together. Marvin cautiously asks Whizzer on a date just as Jason manages to hit the ball. He is so shocked he forgets to run ("The Baseball Game,") .

An interlude: ("A Day in Falsettoland.") In Part One, "Dr. Mendel at Work," Mendel listens to the self-involved blather of a yuppie patient and agonizes about being a child of the sixties stuck in the eighties and how his work is taking a toll on his marriage. In Part Two, "Trina Works It Out," Trina works out to a jazzercise tape and tries to understand why Marvin and Whizzer getting back together is so upsetting. In Part Three, "The Neighbors Relax," Mendel and Trina discuss Marvin and the Bar Mitzvah while exercising and Charlotte comes home to Cordelia cooking "nouvelle bar mitzvah cuisine." Cordelia asks Charlotte how her day was at the hospital, and Charlotte exclaims that today was a rare day without a death. Meanwhile, Marvin and Whizzer play racquetball and bicker when Whizzer beats Marvin soundly. All reflect on how wonderful life is.

To say “the peace does not last long” would be an understatement. Soon after, the “truce” that Marvin and Trina had quickly falls apart as they continue to fight about Jason's Bar Mitzvah. Marvin and Trina are warring over every aspect of the Bar Mitzvah ("The Fight"), which makes Jason want to call it off. Mendel consoles the boy, telling him that "everyone hates his parents" at his age, but everyone also matures and hates them less.("Everyone Hates his Parents")

Marvin sits in bed one morning, looking at the sleeping Whizzer. He wonders at how much he loves him ("What More Can I Say?"). Dr. Charlotte, meanwhile, is becoming aware that young gay men in the city arrive at the hospital sick with a mysterious illness that no one understands ("Something Bad is Happening"). Rumors are spreading, but the disease is spreading faster- then Whizzer collapses suddenly during a game of racquetball.

Whizzer is in the hospital, and Trina is disturbed to find how upset she is at his condition ("Holding to the Ground"). In Whizzer's hospital room, Everyone gathers to cheer him up, commenting on how well he looks. Marvin provides love, Cordelia chicken soup, and Mendel some terrible jokes. Everyone agrees that it is days like this that make these secular Jews believe in God. Only Jason, in childish honesty, is able to tell Whizzer the truth: that he looks awful ("Days Like This")

Mendel and Trina sit Jason down and give him the option of ("Canceling the Bar Mitzvah") if he feels he can not go through with it. Jason finally learns that Whizzer may not recover and storms off, bewildered and upset. Marvin sits in Whizzer's hospital room, soon joined by Cordelia and Dr. Charlotte, and the four ("Unlikely Lovers") reaffirm their commitment to each other despite the worsening situation.

As Whizzer's condition worsens, Jason turns to God, offering to get Bar Mitzvahed if Whizzer gets better ("Another Miracle of Judaism"). Dr. Charlotte explains to Marvin that "Something Bad is Happening," and heavily implies that Marvin may become sick as well. Whizzer's illness becomes terminal, and he resolves to face death with dignity and courage ("You Gotta Die Sometime").

Suddenly everyone bursts into the hospital room. Jason has had an epiphany: he wants to hold ("Jason's Bar Mitzvah") in Whizzer's hospital room. Trina could not be prouder. Everyone notices how much Jason looks like Marvin. Jason goes through with the Bar Mitzvah. As Jason completes his recitation, Whizzer collapses and is taken from the room, followed by all but Marvin.

Marvin, left alone, asks the departed Whizzer what his life would be if they had not loved each other. Whizzer appears, dressed as we first saw him, and the two sing together one last time. When Whizzer asks if Marvin regrets their relationship, Marvin doesn't hesitate to say that he'd do it all over again ("What Would I Do?").

As Whizzer fades from sight, Marvin's friends and family surround him, and he finally loses his composure and breaks down in their arms. As the lights begin to fade, Mendel steps forward one last time to face the audience, tearfully declaring that "this is where we take a stand." ("Falsettoland (Reprise)")

Song list

Notable casts

Character March of the Falsettos Cast (1981) Falsettoland Off-Broadway Cast (1990) Original Broadway Cast (1992) First National Tour (1993) Broadway Revival Cast (2016) Second National Tour (2019) Original London Cast (2019)
Marvin Michael Rupert Gregg Edelmann Christian Borle Max von Essen Daniel Boys
Whizzer Stephen Bogardus Peter Reardon Andrew Rannells Nick Adams Oliver Savile
Trina Alison Fraser Faith Prince Barbara Walsh Carolee Carmello Stephanie J. Block Eden Espinosa Laura Pitt-Pulford
Mendel Chip Zien Adam Heller Brandon Uranowitz Nick Blaemire Joel Montague
Jason James Kushner Danny Gerard Jonathan Kaplan Ramzi Khalaf Anthony Rosenthal Jonah Mussolino
Thatcher Jacobs
Albert Atack
George Kennedy
Elliot Morris
James Williams
Charlotte does not appear Heather MacRae Barbara Marineau Tracie Thoms Bryonha Marie Parham Gemma Knight-Jones
Cordelia does not appear Janet Metz Carolee Carmello Jessica Molaskey Betsy Wolfe Audrey Cardwell Natasha J Barnes
Replacements/Transfers (Original Broadway Cast)[24]


The original cast recordings of the Off-Broadway The March of the Falsettos and Falsettoland were both released from DRG Records on January 1, 1991.[25][26]

The Broadway revival cast album was released on January 27, 2017.[27] PBS aired a filmed performance of the revival as part of Live from Lincoln Center on October 27, 2017.[15][16] For this recording, lines in "I'm Breaking Down," "The Chess Game," "The Baseball Game," "You Gotta Die Sometime," and "A Day in Falsettoland" were edited for profanity.[14]

Awards and honors

Original Broadway production

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1992 Tony Award Best Musical Nominated
Best Book of a Musical William Finn and James Lapine Won
Best Original Score William Finn Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Michael Rupert Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Jonathan Kaplan Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Barbara Walsh Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical James Lapine Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Barbara Walsh Nominated
Theatre World Award Jonathan Kaplan Won

2016 Broadway revival

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2017 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Nominated
Best Actor in a Musical Christian Borle Nominated
Best Featured Actor in a Musical Andrew Rannells Nominated
Brandon Uranowitz Nominated
Best Featured Actress in a Musical Stephanie J. Block Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Brandon Uranowitz Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Stephanie J. Block Nominated
Outer Critics Circle Award Outstanding Actor in a Musical Christian Borle Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Andrew Rannells Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Stephanie J. Block Nominated
Drama League Award Outstanding Revival of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Musical Nominated
Distinguished Performance Christian Borle Nominated

2019 Off-West End

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2019 BroadwayWorldUK Award Best Supporting Actor in a New Production of a Musical Joel Montague Nominated
Best Supporting Actress in a New Production of a Musical Laura Pitt-Pulford Nominated
2020 Offie Award Male Performance in a Musical Daniel Boys Pending
Male Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical Oliver Savile Pending
WhatsOnStage Award Best Off-West End Production Pending
Best Video Design P J McEvoy Pending


  1. March of the Falsettos lortel.org, accessed June 29, 2016
  2. Falsettoland lortel.org, accessed June 29, 2016
  3. Finn, William and Lapine, James. "Falsettos Script" Falsettos (1995), Samuel French, ISBN 978-0-573-69424-0
  4. Falsettos ibdb.com, accessed June 29, 2016
  5. "AusStage - Falsettos". www.ausstage.edu.au. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  6. "Archive: STC Musicals". Sydney Theatre Company. 2017-05-09. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  7. http://www.darlinghursttheatre.com/whats-on/falsettos Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. Gans, Andrew. "James Lapine Will Direct Broadway Revival of Tony-Winning Falsettos Musical". playbill.com. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  9. Viagas, Robert. "Planned Broadway 'Falsettos' Revival Postpones to 2016-17" Playbill, September 3, 2015
  10. Gans, Andrew. "Marvin’s Back with Whizzer, as 'Falsettos' Revival Begins" Playbill, September 29, 2016
  11. Paulson, Michael. "‘Falsettos’ Revival Casts Its Leads: Christian Borle, Andrew Rannells and Stephanie J. Block" The New York Times, March 31, 2016
  12. Gans, Andrew. "Betsy Wolfe, Tracie Thoms, Brandon Uranowitz Join Falsettos Revival". Playbill.com. Playbill. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  13. Hetrick, Adam. "13 Shows Close as Broadway Gears Up for a Packed Spring" Playbill, December 29, 2016
  14. Fierberg, Ruthie. "Falsettos on PBS Will Include Lyric Changes", Playbill, January 5, 2017
  15. Gans, Andrew. "Falsettos Revival Filmed for PBS Broadcast January 3-4", Playbill, January 3, 2017
  16. Gans, Andrew. "Broadway's Falsettos Revival Sets Premiere Date on PBS", Playbill, September 14, 2017
  17. Gans, Andrew. "National Tour of Broadway's Falsettos Announces Full Tour Dates and Cities| Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  18. Franklin, Marc L. (2018-12-04). "Meet the Newest Tight-Knit Falsettos Family for the National Tour". Playbill.
  19. "UK premiere of award-winning musical Falsettos announced for The Other Palace London". British Theatre. 2019-04-15. Retrieved 2019-11-17.
  20. Roundups, Review. "Review Roundup: What Did Critics Think Of The UK Premiere Of FALSETTOS?". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved 2019-11-17.
  21. Longman, Will (2019-06-14). "Full casting announced for UK premiere of Broadway musical Falsettos". London Theatre Guide. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  22. UK, Falsettos [@UKfalsettos] (2019-08-13). "ANNOUNCEMENT Celebrated West End performer, @JoelMontague, joins our tight-knit family stepping in to the role of Mendel as @MattCardle unfortunately withdraws due to scheduling conflicts. Wishing you all the best Matt! See you in action soon Joel! #AMillionStoriespic.twitter.com/5azBBjfrLt" (Tweet). Retrieved 2019-08-16 via Twitter.
  23. Bakare, Lanre (2019-08-23). "'Jewface' row: West End musical accused of cultural appropriation". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-11-17.
  24. "IBDB Replacements/Transfers". www.ibdb.com. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
  25. "The March of the Falsettos". Apple Music. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  26. "Falsettoland". Apple Music. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  27. Viagas, Robert (January 27, 2017). "Falsettos Releases Cast Album Jan. 27 with CD Signing and Performance". Playbill. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
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