False truffle

A false truffle or a hymenogastrale is any species of fungus that has underground fruiting bodies that produce basidiocarps resembling the true truffles of genus Tuber.[1][2] While rodents such as squirrels eat a wide variety of false truffle species, many are considered toxic or otherwise inedible by humans and only a few are sought after as food.[3][4][5][6][7][8]


  1. "False_truffle | Define False_truffle at Dictionary.com". Princeton University. 2006. Archived from the original on 2012-10-25. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  2. Bruns, Thomas D.; Robert Fogel; Thomas J. White; Jeffrey D. Palmer (1989). "Accelerated evolution of a false-truffle from a mushroom ancestor" (PDF). Nature. 339 (6220): 140–142. doi:10.1038/339140a0. hdl:2027.42/62545. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 2716834.
  3. Rodríguez, Antonio (2008). "Trufamania - false truffles". Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  4. "Frequently Asked Truffle Questions". North American Truffling Society. 2013-07-30. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  5. O'Reilly, Pat. "Elaphomyces granulatus, False Truffle fungus". First Nature. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  6. O'Reilly, Pat. "Rhizopogon luteolus, Yellow False Truffle fungus". First Nature. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  7. "False truffles". New Brunswick Museum. 2014-04-05. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  8. Miller, Danny (2017-02-09). "Gastroid and Truffle Fungi". Puget Sound Mycological Society. Retrieved 2017-04-06.

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