Fall of Hīt (2014)

The Fall of Hīt was the capture of the important town of Hīt by ISIL, which cut off the road leading to nearby Haditha.[3]

Fall of Hīt
Part of the Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017), and the
American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present)

Hīt in 2013
DateOctober 2–14, 2014
(1 week and 5 days)
Result Hīt is captured by ISIL
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Republic of Iraq
 United States[1]
Units involved
ISIL Military Iraqi Armed Forces
Casualties and losses
Over 180,000 civilians displaced[2]
250 civilians killed


On October 2, it was reported that a major battle had broken out in the city in Hīt. ISIL claimed that they had taken control of the city, but pro-government fighters said that fighting was ongoing.[4] However, the following day, Iraqi officials said that 90% of the town was not under their control. ISIL flags were reportedly flying on government buildings, including the governor's office and police station. The assault began after a suicide bomber attacked the city, according to Iraqi officials. They looted many tanks and other military equipment as well. There were also unconfirmed reports that they left the town as a result of coalition airstrikes.[5]

On October 5, a suicide bomber detonated an explosive-rigged vehicles into a military checkpoint near the entrance of the city, killing 3 and wounding 5.[6] The suicide bombing took place in the eastern part of the city, and killed Capt. Mohammed Saad as well.[7]

On October 13, ISIL took control of a major military base in the region, after Iraqi forces abandoned it. Coalition airstrikes failed to dislodge the militants, and a large number of refugees left the town. 50% of the population had fled the town due to the airstrikes as well.[8] They retreated to the Asad Airbase, which included many senior officers among them. ISIL captured more equipment, including 3 tanks and other vehicles.[9]

Refugee crisis

During and after the fighting, many people fled Hit and other places in the Anbar Province. According to UN officials, more than 180,000 people were displaced because the fighting, and many have gone to government-held areas of Ramadi. Many civilians were left in need of food, blankets and medical supplies.[10]

War crimes

After the fall of the town, ISIL executed several members of the Albu Nimr tribe, because they had fought against them. Many have been abducted from their homes, and their fate is unknown. However, they are widely believed to be dead. A mass grave was discovered outside the city, which had the bodies of 200 people, and an additional 48 fighters were paraded through the streets before being executed. Despite this, the tribe said that they will try to retake the city.[11]

See also


  1. "Operation Inherent Resolve Strike Updates". United States Department of Defense. October 4, 2014. Archived from the original on March 24, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-28. Retrieved 2014-12-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Haditha Dam key to IS leaders' plans to choke off southern Iraq". Albawaba.com. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  4. "Heavy fighting rages in Iraq's Anbar province". Aljazeera.com. October 2, 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  5. "Islamic State seizes Hit, assaults Iraqi military headquarters in Anbar". Long War Journal. October 2, 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  6. "Deadly suicide bombings in Iraq". Aljazeera.com. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  7. "Suicide bomber kills 3 soldiers in Heet". Al-shorfa.com. October 4, 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  8. "Isis fighters seize key military base in Iraq's Anbar province". Ft.com. October 13, 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  9. "Iraqi city falls to ISIL as army withdraws". Aljazeera.com. October 14, 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  10. "Iraq crisis: 180,000 flee IS advance in Anbar, UN says". BBC.com. October 13, 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  11. "Public executions and mass graves: ISIL targets Sunni tribe in Iraq". Cnn.com. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
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