Eynsford (/ˈnsfərd/ or /ˈnzfərd/) is a village and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, England. It is located 4.5 miles south east of Swanley.


Darent Valley Path, Eynsford

Central view of the curved High Street
Location within Kent
Area14.54 km2 (5.61 sq mi)
Population1,814 (2011 census)[1]
 Density125/km2 (320/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ5365
Civil parish
  • Eynsford
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDartford
Postcode districtDA4
Dialling code01322
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament

The village including its farmland and woods occupies the northern half of the triangle formed by three motorways in west Kent barring its very northernmost part which is Farningham. This area is undulating and has a large minority of woodland. In the south of the parish is Lullingstone, much of which was owned for many centuries by the large, late medieval Lullingstone Castle, whereas other parts of the village were owned by Eynsford Castle, which is older. Well before the founding of the Kingdom of England, Lullingstone Roman villa was founded in this part of the parish, which is open to the public today. The Darent Valley Path takes in a cross-section of the area.

The village

Eynsford is first mentioned in writing in 864, as "Egenes homme". The derivation is unclear, but one possibility is that it represents "Ægen's river-meadow", from the Old English hamm "river-meadow, enclosure".[2] In 1801 the village had the highest population in the Dartford area, at 841 persons.

In the centre of the village, which is six miles (9.7 km) south of Dartford, is a ford over the river, with a picturesque hump-back bridge alongside. There are many old buildings including the 16th-century Plough Inn and the Old Mill. The church is dedicated to St Martin. In about 1163, Thomas Becket is reputed to have excommunicated William de Eynsford, the owner of Eynsford castle. The excommunication was cancelled by King Henry II and the issue became part of the quarrel that led to Becket's murder in 1170.

John Wesley is thought to have preached here: he was a friend of the then vicar of Shoreham, the next village along the valley. The Wesley Stone by the bridge commemorates the spot.

It was near Eynsford village (at Austin Lodge) that Percy Pilcher constructed and successfully flew lightweight gliders. On 30 September 1899, having completed his triplane, he had intended to demonstrate it to a group of onlookers and potential sponsors in a field near Stanford Hall. However, days before, the engine crankshaft had broken and, so as not to disappoint his guests, he decided to fly the Hawk instead. The weather was stormy and rainy, but by 4 pm Pilcher decided the weather was good enough to fly. Whilst flying, the tail snapped and Pilcher plunged 10 metres (33 feet) to the ground: he died two days later from his injuries with his triplane having never been publicly flown.

Another famous resident was Arthur Mee who built and lived in Eynsford Hill, a grand house overlooking the village. Mee edited both the weekly Children's Newspaper and the Children's Encyclopaedia, in which the design and construction of Eynsford Hill was chronicled. Whether the name of Eliza Doolittle's husband Freddy Eynsford-Hill in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion is connected to the house is a matter of conjecture.

The village was scandalised in the 1920s by the antics of composers E.J. Moeran and Peter Warlock who rented a house there; Warlock's habit of riding his motorbike round the village naked was matched by his housemate's singing sea shanties on a Sunday morning to try to drown out the congregation in the Baptist chapel next door. Although the time spent in Eynsford was productive for Warlock, Moeran never really recovered.

Graham Sutherland lived for many years in the 17th century Willow Cottage opposite the old village school.

The parish was part of Axstane Hundred and later Dartford Rural District.

Eynsford Castle

(51°22′14″N 0°12′48″E)

Dating from 1088, Eynsford Castle is one of the most complete Norman castles in England. Ransacked in the 14th century, it fell into decay. For years it was used as dog kennels by the Hart-Dyke family of nearby Lullingstone Castle. It is now in the care of English Heritage and open to the public

Lullingstone Castle

(51°21′28.87″N 0°11′45.21″E)

Not a true castle, but a manor house, built in the 15th century and substantially rebuilt in the 18th century by Sir Percyvall Hart in honour of Queen Anne, who often stayed there. In 1875 Sir William Hart-Dyke and two of his friends framed the rules of lawn tennis at Lullingstone and first played the game there, using a ladder supported on two barrels for a net. The silk farm that supplied Queen Elizabeth II with silk for her wedding dress was situated here, though by the time the Lullingstone Silk Farm provided Lady Diana Spencer with silk for hers, it had moved to Dorset.

In 2004 the current heir to the estate, Tom Hart Dyke, created the World Garden of Plants in the grounds from a design made in 2000 while he was held captive by rebels in Colombia.[3] The 2-acre (0.81 ha) walled garden is laid out like a map of the world,[4] containing some 10 000 species planted to create the shapes of their areas of origin. Both house and garden are open to the public, and the garden in 2005 won the British Guild of Travel Writers' 'Best UK Tourism Project' award.[5]

Also in the grounds is the parish church of Saint Botolph, recently restored and containing some of the oldest stained glass in England. It also holds services in Latin, unlike many other parishes around England.

Lullingstone Roman Villa

(51°21′51″N 0°11′47″E)

Lullingstone Roman villa was discovered in 1939, and contains some of the finest excavated remains of a Roman villa in Britain, including a Romano-Christian chapel.


2006 – Kent Village of the Year.


Eynsford Football Club stopped playing their home games at the Harrow Meadow pitch at the start of the 2016-2017 season leaving the local Veterans Team the "Riverside Wanderers" as the sole occupant. The Team was started in 2008 by a group of like-minded Dads living in the village and with kids attending the local Primary School. Since then the team has grown from strength to strength and now has 35+ members.

The club is affiliated to the Kent County FA and more details can be found on their website http://www.pitchero.com/clubs/riversidewanderers.

Eynsford Cricket Club play on Common Meadow, Riverside. They have two men's teams and a colts' set-up. They won Division 5 of the Kent County Village League in 2012.

Mountainbike Trials

Team M.A.D the largest Mountainbike Stunt Team in Europe were formed in Eynsford in 1996. Giles Wolfe Team Director currently lives in the village.

Motor racing

The motor racing circuit Brands Hatch is a few minutes drive from Eynsford.

Eynsford on television

20 Miles from Piccadilly Circus featuring Alex Kennedy (Smithy) consisted of six half-hour episodes about various aspects of life in the village. The show was released in 1994 and initially aired only in the Carlton Television region, although the first three episodes were later repeated on Channel 4.

Save Lullingstone Castle was a six-part series by Keo Films, aired between 4 April and 9 May 2006, on BBC2. It followed the fortunes of Tom Hart Dyke as he developed the World Map of Plants and attempted to thereby turn the fortunes of the estate. A second series, Return to Lullingstone Castle aired between 19 March and 23 April 2007.

In the movie Love Actually, the vicar at Eynsford church at the time played the vicar that married Juliet and Peter.

Eynsford Baptist Church

In 1775, A Baptist preacher, Mr J. Morris, opened his house in Eynsford for the preaching of the Gospel. This was the beginning of a Baptist community, which grew despite opposition from the established church. In 1802, it is recorded in the history of the church that when Mr Rogers came to be pastor "great difficulty was experienced in obtaining lodgings for the young Minister, that at one time the prejudice against a Baptist Minister was so strong that the people with whom he lodged had notice to quit their house unless he left, and it was with the greatest difficulty he secured a house when he married."

The first building was completed in 1806, giving way to the present enlarged building in 1906. The building has continued to the present day to provide a home for a small worshipping congregation (2018), and still supports its own part-time minister, even since the local established church has had a minister who is shared by three parishes. The building also provides accommodation for a variety of community activities.

Demography and housing

2011 Census Homes
Civil ParishDetachedSemi-detachedTerracedFlats and apartmentsCaravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboatsShared between households[1]

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Households
Civil ParishPopulationHouseholds% Owned outright% Owned with a loanhectares[1]

The proportion of households who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).



Eynsford railway station connects the village with National Rail services to London Blackfriars via Catford and to Sevenoaks.


See also


  1. Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 20 December 2013
  2. "Kent place names" Spelling of placenames in Kent from BBC website.
  3. "Jungle captive's garden designs". BBC News. 12 October 2004. Retrieved 4 October 2006.
  4. World Garden Aerial Views
  5. "Award for jungle captive's garden". BBC News. 14 November 2005. Retrieved 4 October 2006.
  • Lullingstone Castle
  • Eynsford – A Story Through The Ages, by W.I. Curnow. First published by the Eynsford Village Society in 1953.

Further reading

Various publications are available from the Farningham & Eynsford Local History Society.

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