Express trains (also sometimes referred to as fast trains, though this is a relative term, usually meaning that it runs faster than other trains on the same line; in the United Kingdom in the 19th century, the threshold speed was 40 miles per hour [64 km/h]) are a form of rail service. Express trains make only a small number of stops, instead of stopping locally. In some cases, trains run express where there is overlapping local train service available, and run local at the tail ends of the line, where there is no supplemental local service. During overnight hours, or other times where it is practical, express trains may become local, but still running to where an express train would terminate.
Fares for express train service, like those for special or extra trains, sometimes commanded a premium charge, but this practice was not codified in the parliamentary acts that created the early railway companies.
- Cases Decided in the Court of Session, Court of Justiciary, and House of Lords, From August 3, 1893, to August 25, 1894. Fourth Series, Volume XXI. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, Law Booksellers. 1894. pp. 767–768 – via Google Books.
- Foxwell, E. (1884). English Express Trains. London: Edward Stanford. p. 60 – via Google Books.
- Foxwell, E.; Farrer, T.C. (1889). Express Trains, English and Foreign. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 93 – via Google Books.
- "express train". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- "Definition of 'express train'". Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- the editorial staff of the National Reporter System, ed. (1914). Judicial and Statutory Definitions of Words and Phrases - Second Series. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co. p. 791 – via Google Books.
- "How to Ride the Subway". MTA.info. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- Report of the Commissioners of Railways. London: W. Clowes & Sons. 1848. p. 30 – via Google Books.
- Brief history of express/local combination service on Chicago's North Side Main Line
- A history on London Underground's Metropolitan line, including its "fast" or express service