Exposition universelle et internationale (1913)
Poster for the exhibition
|Name||Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Gand 1913|
|Building||Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station|
|Area||130 hectares (320 acres)|
|Organized by||Émile Coppieters|
|Opening||26 April 1913|
|Closure||3 November 1913|
|Previous||Esposizione internationale d'industria e de labora in Turin|
|Next||Panama–Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco|
In the last of such type of human zoo stagings, part of a group of 53 Igorot tribesmen from Bontoc, Mountain Province, 28-year-old Filipino Timicheg was "displayed" and died here of tuberculosis or flu. A tunnel in the Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station renovation project is named after him.
A number of buildings were completed for the occasion. Notably, Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station was completed in 1912 in time for the exposition, and was situated opposite the new hotel, Flandria Palace. The park, Citadelpark, was also redesigned for the fair. The exposition was held on an area of 130 hectares (320 acres), which was larger than Expo 58 in Brussels. Various Belgian cities had a pavilion and an artificial town, called "Oud Vlaenderen" (Old Flanders) was created.
In preparation for the exhibition, renovations were made in the centre of Ghent, including a large number of houses on the Graslei. Some years beforen the neo-gothic St Michael's Bridge had been built to provide visitors to the exhibition with a vantage point to view the town, the post office and the Korenmarkt (Wheat Market) had been built, and the carved heads now arrayed around it represented the rulers who attended the exhibition (including Florence Nightingale). The construction of the exhibition was controversial and ended on the eve of World War I with serious debts.
Belgium's first aerial postage service was operated from 1 May to 25 August by Henri Crombez during the exposition.
The Ghent fair was attended, among many others, by the much traveled Greek confectionnaire Leonidas Kestekides, and it was then that he decided to settle permanently in Belgium and found the internationally famous Leonidas company.
- Belgian general strike of 1913 (14-24 April 1913)
- William Whyte (ed.), Ghent Planning Congress 1913: Premier Congrès International et Exposition Comparée des Villes (Abingdon and New York, 2014), p. viii.
- Davy Depelchin, "The Ghent Universal and International Exhibition of 1913: Reconciling Historicism, Modernity and Exoticism", in Cultures of International Exhibitions 1840-1940, edited by Marta Filipova (Farnham, 2015), p. 185. Partial preview on Google Books.
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- The World of 1913 Archived 2011-01-01 at the Wayback Machine on gent.be
- Balthazar, Herman (Autumn 2008). "Brussels World Fair – "Expo '58"". Ghent University Library. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
- Phil Lee, Rough Guide Directions Bruges & Ghent, Rough Guides, p. 115, ISBN 978-1-85828-631-0
- THE/1/464.cmVjPTQ0MTM4.html The Post Office Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine at gent.be
- "De flop van 1913 - Miserie troef op de Gentse wereldexpo". Tiens Tiens. Stadskrant TiensTiens. 16 December 2007. Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
- Cooper, Ralph. "Henri Crombez -1960". from CONTACT by Henry Serrano Villard, p. 189. The Early Birds of Aviation, Inc. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Expo 1913.|
- Official website of the BIE
- Photograph of King Albert I, Queen Elisabeth and the Mayor of Ghent, Emile Braun (right), at the opening of the World's Fair in Ghent
- foto's op freewebs.com