# Excluded point topology

In mathematics, the excluded point topology is a topology where exclusion of a particular point defines openness. Formally, let X be any set and pX. The collection

${\displaystyle T=\{S\subseteq X:p\notin S{\text{ or }}S=X\}}$

of subsets of X is then the excluded point topology on X. There are a variety of cases which are individually named:

• If X has two points we call it the Sierpiński space. This case is somewhat special and is handled separately.
• If X is finite (with at least 3 points) we call the topology on X the finite excluded point topology
• If X is countably infinite we call the topology on X the countable excluded point topology
• If X is uncountable we call the topology on X the uncountable excluded point topology

A generalization / related topology is the open extension topology. That is if ${\displaystyle X\backslash \{p\}}$ has the discrete topology then the open extension topology will be the excluded point topology.

This topology is used to provide interesting examples and counterexamples. A space with the excluded point topology is connected, since the only open set containing the excluded point is X itself and hence X cannot be written as disjoint union of two proper open subsets.

## References

• Steen, Lynn Arthur; Seebach, J. Arthur Jr. (1995) [1978], Counterexamples in Topology (Dover reprint of 1978 ed.), Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag, ISBN 978-0-486-68735-3, MR 0507446
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.